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1.
Update on the large-scale cosmic-ray anisotropy search at the highest energies by the Telescope Array Experiment
T. Fujii, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2022, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The study of large-scale anisotropy at the highest energies is essential for understanding the transition from cosmic rays of galactic origin to those of extra-galactic origin, along with the magnetic fields in the galaxy and those beyond. Motivated by a significant detection of the large-scale anisotropy above 8 EeV by the Pierre Auger Observatory (Auger), we had previously reported, using 11 years of Telescope Array (TA) surface array data, a result compatible both with that of Auger, and with an isotropic source distribution [R. U. Abbasi et al., Astrophys. J. Lett. 898, L28 (2020)]. In this contribution, we will show the preliminary updated results using 12 years TA SD data to search for the large-scale anisotropy at the highest energies.
Ključne besede: Telescope Array, indirect detection, surface detection, ground array, ultra-high energy, cosmic rays, anisotropy, large-scale, dipole
Objavljeno v RUNG: 04.10.2023; Ogledov: 997; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,95 MB)
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2.
The UHECR dipole and quadrupole in the latest data from the original Auger and TA surface detectors
P. Tinyakov, Andrej Filipčič, Jon Paul Lundquist, Samo Stanič, Serguei Vorobiov, Danilo Zavrtanik, Marko Zavrtanik, Lukas Zehrer, 2022, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The sources of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays are still unknown, but assuming standard physics, they are expected to lie within a few hundred megaparsecs from us. Indeed, over cosmological distances cosmic rays lose energy to interactions with background photons, at a rate depending on their mass number and energy and properties of photonuclear interactions and photon backgrounds. The universe is not homogeneous at such scales, hence the distribution of the arrival directions of cosmic rays is expected to reflect the inhomogeneities in the distribution of galaxies; the shorter the energy loss lengths, the stronger the expected anisotropies. Galactic and intergalactic magnetic fields can blur and distort the picture, but the magnitudes of the largest-scale anisotropies, namely the dipole and quadrupole moments, are the most robust to their effects. Measuring them with no bias regardless of any higher-order multipoles is not possible except with full-sky coverage. In this work, we achieve this in three energy ranges (approximately 8-16 EeV, 16-32 EeV, and 32-∞ EeV) by combining surface-detector data collected at the Pierre Auger Observatory until 2020 and at the Telescope Array (TA) until 2019, before the completion of the upgrades of the arrays with new scintillator detectors. We find that the full-sky coverage achieved by combining Auger and TA data reduces the uncertainties on the north-south components of the dipole and quadrupole in half compared to Auger-only results.
Ključne besede: Pierre Auger Observatory, Telescope Array, indirect detection, surface detection, ultra-high energy, cosmic rays, anisotropy, large scale, fully sky coverage, dipole, quadropole
Objavljeno v RUNG: 29.09.2023; Ogledov: 931; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,66 MB)
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Evidence for a Supergalactic Structure of Magnetic Deflection Multiplets of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays
R. Abbasi, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Evidence for a large-scale supergalactic cosmic ray multiplet (arrival directions correlated with energy) structure is reported for ultra-high energy cosmic ray (UHECR) energies above 10^19 eV using seven years of data from the Telescope Array (TA) surface detector and updated to 10 years. Previous energy-position correlation studies have made assumptions regarding magnetic field shapes and strength, and UHECR composition. Here the assumption tested is that, since the supergalactic plane is a fit to the average matter density of the local Large Scale Structure (LSS), UHECR sources and intervening extragalactic magnetic fields are correlated with this plane. This supergalactic deflection hypothesis is tested by the entire field-of-view (FOV) behavior of the strength of intermediate-scale energy-angle correlations. These multiplets are measured in spherical cap section bins (wedges) of the FOV to account for coherent and random magnetic fields. The structure found is consistent with supergalactic deflection, the previously published energy spectrum anisotropy results of TA (the hotspot and coldspot), and toy-model simulations of a supergalactic magnetic sheet. The seven year data post-trial significance of this supergalactic structure of multiplets appearing by chance, on an isotropic sky, is found by Monte Carlo simulation to be 4.19σ. The ten years of data post-trial significance is 4.09σ. Furthermore, the starburst galaxy M82 is shown to be a possible source of the TA Hotspot, and an estimate of the supergalactic magnetic field using UHECR measurements is presented.
Ključne besede: astroparticle physics, cosmic rays, UHECR, supergalactic plane, multiplets, magnetic deflection, large-scale structure of universe
Objavljeno v RUNG: 19.05.2020; Ogledov: 3020; Prenosov: 0
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5.
Supergalactic Structure of Multiplets with the Telescope Array Surface Detector
Jon Paul Lundquist, P. Sokolsky, 2019, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Evidence of supergalactic structure of multiplets has been found for ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR) with energies above 10^19 eV using 7 years of data from the Telescope Array (TA) surface detector. The tested hypothesis is that UHECR sources, and intervening magnetic fields, may be correlated with the supergalactic plane, as it is a fit to the average matter density within the GZK horizon. This structure is measured by the average behavior of the strength of intermediate-scale correlations between event energy and position (multiplets). These multiplets are measured in wedge-like shapes on the spherical surface of the fieldof-view to account for uniform and random magnetic fields. The evident structure found is consistent with toy-model simulations of a supergalactic magnetic sheet and the previously published Hot/Coldspot results of TA. The post-trial probability of this feature appearing by chance, on an isotropic sky, is found by Monte Carlo simulation to be ~4.5σ.
Ključne besede: UHECR, cosmic rays, energy spectrum, anisotropy, large-scale structure, magnetic deflection
Objavljeno v RUNG: 28.04.2020; Ogledov: 3054; Prenosov: 153
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,38 MB)

6.
Supergalactic Structure of Energy-Angle Correlations
Jon Paul Lundquist, P. Sokolsky, 2020, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Evidence for the supergalactic structure of multiplets (energy-angle correlations) has previously been shown using ultra-high energy cosmic ray (UHECR) data from Telescope Array (TA) with energies above 10^19 eV. The supergalactic deflection hypothesis (that UHECR sources and intervening magnetic fields are correlated) is measured by the all-sky behavior of the strength of intermediate-scale correlations. The multiplets are measured in spherical surface wedge bins of the field-of-view to account for uniform and random magnetic fields. The structure found is consistent with the previously published energy spectrum anisotropy results of TA and toy-model simulations of a supergalactic magnetic sheet. The 7 year data post-trial significance of this feature appearing by chance, on an isotropic sky, was found by Monte Carlo simulation to be ∼4σ. The analysis has now been applied to 10 years of data.
Ključne besede: Cosmic rays, UHECR, energy spectrum, magnetic deflection, large-scale structure, supergalactic, multiplets
Objavljeno v RUNG: 27.04.2020; Ogledov: 2919; Prenosov: 86
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,66 MB)

7.
Evidence of Intermediate-scale Energy Spectrum Anisotropy of Cosmic Rays E ≥ 10^19.2 eV with the Telescope Array Surface Detector
R.U. Abbasi, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Evidence for an intermediate-scale energy spectrum anisotropy has been found in the arrival directions of ultra-high energy cosmic rays for energies greater than 10^19.2 eV in the northern hemisphere using 7 years of Telescope Array surface detector data. A relative energy distribution test is done comparing events inside oversampled spherical caps of equal exposure, to those outside, using the Poisson likelihood ratio. The center of maximum significance is at 9h16m, 45°, and has a deficit of events with energies 10^19.2 ≤ E < 10^19.75 eV and an excess for E ≥ 10^19.75 eV. The post-trial probability of this energy anisotropy, appearing by chance anywhere on an isotropic sky, is found by Monte Carlo simulation to be 9 × 10−5 (3.74σ global).
Ključne besede: astroparticle physics, cosmic rays, anisotropy, large-scale structure of universe
Objavljeno v RUNG: 24.04.2020; Ogledov: 3255; Prenosov: 199
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,43 MB)

8.
Indications of Intermediate-Scale Anisotropy of Cosmic Rays with Energy Greater Than 57 EeV in the Northern Sky Measured with the Surface Detector of the Telescope Array Experiment
R.U. Abbasi, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We have searched for intermediate-scale anisotropy in the arrival directions of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays with energies above 57 EeV in the northern sky using data collected over a 5 year period by the surface detector of the Telescope Array experiment. We report on a cluster of events that we call the hotspot, found by oversampling using 20∘-radius circles. The hotspot has a Li-Ma statistical significance of 5.1σ, and is centered at R.A.=146.7∘, Dec.=43.2∘. The position of the hotspot is about 19∘ off of the supergalactic plane. The probability of a cluster of events of 5.1σ significance, appearing by chance in an isotropic cosmic-ray sky, is estimated to be 3.7×10−4 (3.4σ).
Ključne besede: acceleration of particles, cosmic rays, large-scale structure of universe, surveys
Objavljeno v RUNG: 24.04.2020; Ogledov: 3285; Prenosov: 0
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9.
Large-Scale Distribution of Arrival Directions of Cosmic Rays Detected at the Pierre Auger Observatory and the Telescope Array above 10[sup]19 eV
Olivier Deligny, Andrej Filipčič, Gašper Kukec Mezek, Ahmed Saleh, Samo Stanič, Marta Trini, Darko Veberič, Serguei Vorobiov, Lili Yang, Danilo Zavrtanik, Marko Zavrtanik, 2015, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The large-scale distribution of arrival directions of high-energy cosmic rays is a key observable in attempts to understanding their origin. The dipole and quadrupole moments are of special interest in revealing potential anisotropies. An unambiguous measurement of these moments as well as of the full set of spherical harmonic coefficients requires full-sky coverage. This can be achieved by combining data from observatories located in both the northern and southern hemispheres. To this end, a joint analysis using data recorded at the Pierre Auger Observatory and the Telescope Array above 10[sup]19 eV has been performed. Thanks to the full-sky coverage, the measurement of the dipole moment reported in this study does not rely on any assumption on the underlying flux of cosmic rays. As well, the resolution on the quadrupole and higher order moments is the best ever obtained. The resulting multipolar expansion of the flux of cosmic rays allows a series of anisotropy searches to be performed, and in particular to report on the first angular power spectrum of cosmic rays. This allows a comprehensive description of the angular distribution of cosmic rays above 10[sup]19 eV.
Ključne besede: Pierre Auger Observatory, Telescope Array, high-energy cosmic rays, large-scale anisotropies, angular power spectrum
Objavljeno v RUNG: 08.03.2016; Ogledov: 4760; Prenosov: 189
.pdf Celotno besedilo (462,61 KB)

10.
Indications of anisotropy at large angular scales in the arrival directions of cosmic rays detected at the Pierre Auger Observatory
Imen Al Samarai, Andrej Filipčič, Gašper Kukec Mezek, Ahmed Saleh, Samo Stanič, Marta Trini, Darko Veberič, Serguei Vorobiov, Lili Yang, Danilo Zavrtanik, Marko Zavrtanik, 2015, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The large-scale distribution of arrival directions of high-energy cosmic rays carries major clues to understanding their origin. The Pierre Auger Collaboration have implemented different analyses to search for dipolar and quadrupolar anisotropies in different energy ranges spanning four orders of magnitude. A common phase ≈270◦ of the first harmonic modulation in right-ascension was found in adjacent energy intervals below 1 EeV, and another common phase ≈100◦ above 4 EeV. A constancy of phase measurements in ordered energy intervals originating from a genuine anisotropy is expected to appear with a smaller number of events than those needed to achieve significant amplitudes. This led us to design a prescribed test aimed at establishing whether this consistency in phases is real at 99% CL. The test required a total independent exposure of 21,000 km2 sr yr. We report on the status of this prescription. We also report the results of the search for a dipole anisotropy for cosmic rays with energies above 4 EeV using events with zenith angles between 60◦ and 80◦. Compared to previous analyses of events with zenith angles smaller than 60◦, this extension increases the size of the data set by 30%, and enlarges the fraction of exposed sky from 71% to 85%. The largest departure from isotropy is found in the energy range above 8 EeV, with an amplitude for the first harmonic in right ascension r1 = (4.4 ± 1.0) × 10[sup]−2, that has a chance probability P(≥ r1) = 6.4×10[sup]−5, reinforcing the hint previously reported with vertical events alone.
Ključne besede: high-energy cosmic rays large-scale distribution anisotropy studies Pierre Auger Observatory
Objavljeno v RUNG: 02.03.2016; Ogledov: 5431; Prenosov: 240
.pdf Celotno besedilo (862,90 KB)

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