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Mechanisms underlying the efficacy and safety of IgG, antibody fragments, and design immune-biologics
Ario de Marco, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: antibodies, nanoparticles, immunoactivation
Objavljeno v RUNG: 04.08.2023; Ogledov: 177; Prenosov: 1
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Separation of mercuric ions using 2-thienylbenzimidazole/cucurbit[7]uril/iron-oxide nanoparticles by pH control
Falguni Chandra, Paltan Laha, Farah Benyettou, Tina Skorjanc, Na'il Saleh, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: 2-Thienylbenzimidazole (TBI)/cucurbit[7]uril (CB7) host–guest complex was used as a motif to significantly improve the turnover of γ-Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles for potential application in the separation of toxic mercuric ions in polluted water samples. The mechanism of restoring the original solid materials is based on applying the pH-controlled preferential binding of the CB7 host to the TBI guest. The analytical application of this concept has not been realized in the literature. The pH-controlled stimuli-responsive abilities were confirmed in aqueous solution by the three-order of magnitudes higher stability constant of the protonated TBIH+/CB7 complex (e.g., K = 4.8 × 108 M−1) when compared to neutral TBI/CB7 complex (e.g., K = 2.4 × 105 M−1), also manifested in an increase in pKa values by ~ 3.3 units in the ground state. The supramolecular interaction and adsorption on iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) were also spectroscopically confirmed in the solid state. The excited-state lifetime values of TBI/CB7NPs increased upon lowering the pH values (e.g., from 0.6 to 1.3 ns) with a concomitant blue shift of ~ 25 nm because of polarity effects. The time-resolved photoluminescent behaviors of the final solids in the presence of CB7 ensured pH-driven reusable systems for capturing toxic mercuric ions. The study offers a unique approach for the controllable separation of mercury ions using an external magnet and in response to pH through preferential binding of the host to guest molecules on the top of magnetic surfaces.
Ključne besede: iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs), mercury, thienylbenzimidazole, cucurbit[n]uril
Objavljeno v RUNG: 13.07.2023; Ogledov: 308; Prenosov: 0
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Saturation magnetisation as an indicator of the disintegration of barium hexaferrite nanoplatelets during the surface functionalisation
Klemen Lisjak, Iztok Arčon, Matic Poberžnik, Gabriela Herrero‑Saboya, Ali Tufani, Andraž Mavrič, Matjaž Valant, Patricija Hribar, Alenka Mertelj, Darko Makovec, Layla Martin‑Samos, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Barium hexaferrite nanoplatelets (BHF NPLs) are permanent nanomagnets with the magnetic easy axis aligned perpendicular to their basal plane. By combining this specific property with optimised surface chemistry, novel functional materials were developed, e.g., ferromagnetic ferrofluids and porous nanomagnets. We compared the interaction of chemically different phosphonic acids, hydrophobic and hydrophilic with 1–4 phosphonic groups, with BHF NPLs. A decrease in the saturation magnetisation after functionalising the BHF NPLs was correlated with the mass fraction of the nonmagnetic coating, whereas the saturation magnetisation of the NPLs coated with a tetraphosphonic acid at 80 °C was significantly lower than expected. We showed that such a substantial decrease in the saturation magnetisation originates from the disintegration of BHF NPLs, which was observed with atomic-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy and confirmed by a computational study based on state-of-the-art first-principles calculations. Fe K-edge XANES (X-ray absorption near-edge structure) and EXAFS (Extended X-ray absorption fine structure) combined with Fourier-transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed the formation of an Fe–phosphonate complex on the partly decomposed NPLs. Comparing our results with other functionalised magnetic nanoparticles confirmed that saturation magnetisation can be exploited to identify the disintegration of magnetic nanoparticles when insoluble disintegration products are formed.
Ključne besede: barium hexaferrite, Fe XANES, EXAFS, magnetic nanoparticles
Objavljeno v RUNG: 06.07.2023; Ogledov: 301; Prenosov: 1
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Colloidal nanoparticles for photo(electro)catalytic water splitting studies
Saim Emin, Manel Machreki, Takwa Chouki, 2022, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Ključne besede: nanoparticles, electrocatalysis, water splitting
Objavljeno v RUNG: 10.02.2023; Ogledov: 524; Prenosov: 0
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Fractal analysis - a surrogate technique for material characterization
Swapna Mohanachandran Nair Sindhu, Sankararaman S, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Fractal analysis has emerged as a potential analytical tool in almost all branches of science and technology. The paper is the first report of using fractal dimension as a surrogate technique for estimating particle size. A regression equation is set connecting the soot particle size and fractal dimension, after investigating the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopic (FESEM) images of carbonaceous soot from five different sources. Since the fractal dimension is an invariant property under the scale transformation, an ordinary photograph of the soot should also yield the same fractal dimension. This enables one to determine the average size of the soot particles, using the regression equation, by calculating the fractal dimension from the photograph. Hence, instead of frequent measurement of average particle size from FESEM, this technique of estimating the particle size from the fractal dimension of the soot photograph, is found to be a potentially cost-effective and non-contact method.
Ključne besede: fractals, FESEM, carbon nanoparticles, particle size, box-counting
Objavljeno v RUNG: 30.06.2022; Ogledov: 699; Prenosov: 0
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