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2.
Adjective ordering and concept perception: two sides of the same coin
Franc Marušič, Petra Mišmaš, Vesna Plesničar, Rok Žaucer, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Ključne besede: adjectives, adjective ordering restrictions, corpus, cognition, noun phrase, Slovenian, perception
Objavljeno v RUNG: 21.02.2023; Ogledov: 1862; Prenosov: 0
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3.
Categorically perceiving vs. Categorizing while perceiving: The role of segments' recognition and lexical access while categorizing the pragmatic function of pitch movements in speech.
Alessandra Zappoli, Cinzia Avesani, Massimo Grassi, Francesco Vespignani, 2022, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Speech perception studies have highlighted: i) auditory-articulatory mapping processes; ii) Categorical Perception (CP) (Liberman et al., 1967); iii) bottom-up formation of phonological categories through statistical learning; iv) top-down mechanisms shaping the perceptual space (Kuhl et al., 1992). Among several open questions, we focus on: i) the relation between speech perception features and other aspects of cognition involving categorization (Holt & Lotto,2010); ii) the cognitive mechanisms responsible for pitch categorization and discrimination in linguistic and non-linguistic contexts. Pitch in speech is organized in phonological categories (Pitch Accents, Boundary Tones (BTs)) aligned to the text and conveys syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic information (Ladd, 1996). Perception of BTs has been found Quasi-Categorical (Schneider, 2012). We investigated the presence of CP of BTs (Rising vs. Descending final contours) discriminating between questions and statements. In Italian, intonation alone can distinguish the two. We adopted a modified version of the CP paradigm and tested 34 participants in 2 groups, varying the linguistic segmental information. Group 1 saw: 1) existing words; 2) pseudowords; 3) pseudowords containing foreign phonemes; 4) masked segmental information (humming). Group 2 the reverse order. Our results show that the pragmatic interpretation of the pitch contour is top-down activated and accessed on degraded linguistic material when stimuli are presented in the word-to-humming order, and bottom-up created through a categorization process in the humming-to-word order. The results also show that in absence of recognizable segmental information (humming), pitch shows to be categorized according to its acoustic properties, rather than on its function in speech.
Ključne besede: categorical perception, categorization, linguistic pitch categorization, pragmatic categorization of pitch contours, boundary tones, italian
Objavljeno v RUNG: 30.08.2022; Ogledov: 1493; Prenosov: 0
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4.
Categorical Perception of a vowel contrast in native speakers and second language learners.
Alessandra Zappoli, 2022, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: The perceptual space of a speaker is shaped in infancy according to the phonological inventory of the L1. Phonological categories correlate with Categorical Perception (CP) and Perceptual Magnet (PM) effects, lowering the discrimination rate between the same category’s sounds and increasing it at the Category Boundaries (Liberman et al., 1967; Kuhl et al., 1992). Second Language (L2) learning in adulthood requires creating new categories, some overlapping with the existing ones. When L2 and L1 categories overlap, the PM and CP effects might block the creation of the target L2 sounds, linked to Foreign Accented speech. In this study, I investigate with the CP paradigm, the categorization, and discrimination of two German words: ʃɔːn] (‘already’) vs. [ʃøːn] (‘beautiful’) distinguished by a vowel contrast existing in German but not in Italian. I tested: i) 20 L1 speakers of German (L1); 34 L2 learners of German, L1 speakers of Italian – ii) 14 exposed to native speech (Tandem); iii) 18 not exposed to it; iv) 20 L1 speakers of Italian (Naïve). The oddball discrimination task presented the stimuli in 6 orders: AAB, ABA, ABB, BAA, BAB, BBA. L2 learners performed the LEXTALE in German (Lemhöfer & Broersma, 2012). Results show that the categorization and discrimination performance linearly increase with language proficiency. Categorization only correlates with LEXTALE. Exposure to native speech is relevant. The presence of CP - as classically reported in the literature - is affected by the order of presentation of the stimuli in the oddball paradigm, emerging with BAB, ABA, BBA orders.
Ključne besede: vowel categorization, speech categorization, naive listeners, native speakers, L2 learners, categorical perception paradigm, perceptual space
Objavljeno v RUNG: 30.08.2022; Ogledov: 1617; Prenosov: 0
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5.
Investigating L2 Prosody Perception
Alessandra Zappoli, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Ključne besede: Prosody Perception
Objavljeno v RUNG: 14.12.2021; Ogledov: 1662; Prenosov: 0
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6.
Learning a new intonation pattern also means learning how to use it
Alessandra Zappoli, Francesco Vespignani, Stefan Bauman, Martine Grice, Petra Schumacher, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Ključne besede: Intonation, perception, EEG, N400, Late Positivity, L2 acquisition prosody, German
Objavljeno v RUNG: 14.12.2021; Ogledov: 1940; Prenosov: 0
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8.
About Time
Una Rebić, 2016, magistrsko delo

Opis: The practical work of my master project about time was carried out as processbased experiments in practice. As a result, the thesis is a combination of theoretical research taken from several fields—examining the notion of time from perspective of psychology, sociology, science and spirituality. Alongside mentioned research the thesis pairs artistic practices associated with each field discussed— considering most significant artist and his/her practice or project(s) in which they explore time. The third layer of the thesis pairs each section with my own personal practice through experiments carried out in the process—each exploring time from a different perspective. Since the thesis is the final project of the study developed within a certain time frame, the last chapter discusses how I approached this project in regard to my artistic practice.
Ključne besede: time, perception, On Kawara, sociology, speed, Hamish Fulton, quantum entanglement, arrow of time, Hiroshi Sugimoto, spirituality, consciousness, Marina Abramović, Ulay
Objavljeno v RUNG: 14.09.2016; Ogledov: 4994; Prenosov: 1
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9.
CAPOEIRA: CONCEPTUALIZATION AND PRESENTATION OF THE BODY
Urška Stolnik, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: This thesis is the result of twenty-one months of fieldwork among the capoeiristas in Brazil, primarily in the city of Salvador, between 2003 and 2013. Combining historical accounts with the experiences of the present, the work focuses on changes in the social perception of body and mind in both capoeira and wider society. The intricacies of society and the politics of a particular epoch are clearly reflected in this Brazilian national game: sometimes in terms of incorporation or acceptance of specific social hierarchies, and other times of exclusion or rejection of them. A tension between the black and white worlds is constantly present, as it is between the male and female ones. Even when these separate realms in different historical eras of capoeira seem to come closer, they become separated again through new forms of institutionalization. Perceived sometimes as a martial art or dance, sometimes as a game, and yet other times as a sport through which one can gain health and beauty, capoeira evades a firm and permanent definition. Such evasion resembles capoeira’s three main, cunning characteristics: malandragem (trickery), malícia (deception) and mandinga (seduction). Cunningness, as a tactic to overplay the opponent, is a means of intentional opening and closing of the body in the game. Although opening and closing might seem exclusive, they are, on the contrary, very much inseparable. They coexist in symbiosis not just at the level of a capoeirista playing the game, but also at the level of roda, academia, a capoeira group or school, at the level of capoeira as a practice, and finally, at the level of wider Brazilian society. All of these bodies are striving to be fechado (closed) and secure, but cannot accomplish that before opening themselves first. Being dexterous in the simultaneous alternation of opening and closing one’s own body is a skill that can be learnt through a long-term and continually engendered process of practice, experiences and interaction with others and the environment at large. That skill, associated with the capoeirista’s awareness of vi constant vulnerability, is closely related to learning the specific way of perceiving and responding. The capoeirista cultivates and embodies capoeiristic habitus, which emphasizes the necessity of being permanently attentive to several things at once. This is possible when all senses work together in synthesis. At that time, the capoeirista uses peripheral sight and is aware of peripheral sounds. The skill of heightened sensitivity and keen perception enables the capoeirista to negotiate between the opening and closing of his body. Opening and closing the body at the right time and taking the advantages of an unstable situation in roda can be accomplished only by simultaneous thinking and performing, which is the outcome of the incorporation of capoeira movements. The socio-economic situation of Brazilian society based on racial and gender discrimination enhances the cultivation of capoeiristic habitus and dictates the need for the acquisition of capoeiristic skills and attitudes in order to cope with, understand, and live within an unequal world. Capoeiristic habitus can also be learnt and acquired as a by-product of capoeira training. But it remains important whether the environment in which a capoeirista practises tolerates or inhibits the cultivation of capoeiristic skills.
Ključne besede: capoeira, body and mind, game, sport, movement, opened and closed society, perception, historical changes, Salvador, Brazil
Objavljeno v RUNG: 22.01.2016; Ogledov: 6212; Prenosov: 321
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