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Thermal diffusivity downscaling of molybdenum oxide thin film through annealing temperature-induced nano-lamelle formation: a photothermal beam deflection study
S. Soumya, Vimal Raj, Mohanachandran Nair Sindhu Swapna, Sankaranarayana Iyer Sankararaman, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The present work proposes a method of downscaling the thermal diffusivity (α) of MoO3 thin films through annealing temperature-induced nano-lamelle formation. The thermal diffusivity modification of the MoO3 films, prepared by the doctor blade method, is investigated by the sensitive transverse photothermal beam deflection technique. The X-ray diffraction analysis confirms the structural phase transformation from monoclinic to orthorhombic in the films annealed from 300 to 450 °C. The thermal induced anisotropy of the film is evident from the variation of the morphology index and texture coefficient. The field emission scanning electron microscopic analysis unveils the morphology modifications from blocks to the nano-lamelle structure with layers of average thickness ~ 77 nm. The thermal diffusivity measurement reveals a 53% reduction upon annealing the film to 450 °C. The drastic reduction is achieved through the annealing temperature-induced nano-lamelle formation and the phase transformation from monoclinic to orthorhombic in the MoO3 films.
Ključne besede: thermal diffusivity, molybdenum oxide, thin film, nano-lamelle, photothermal beam deflection
Objavljeno v RUNG: 04.07.2022; Ogledov: 657; Prenosov: 24
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Thermal diffusivity of molybdenum oxide nanowire film: a photothermal beam deflection study
Swapna Mohanachandran Nair Sindhu, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper reports the preparation of thin film with MoO3 nanowires (NWs) by the doctor blade method and the study of its thermal diffusivity (α) by the sensitive photothermal beam deflection (PTD) method. When the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopic and Atomic Force Microscopic analysis unveil its morphology as NW bundles, the X-ray diffraction analysis reveals the structure to be orthorhombic. The NWs formed are of diameter ~ 20 nm and length up to 5 μm. The standardization of the transverse PTD setup is done by determining the value of α of iron, which agrees well with literature reports. The thermal diffusivity of MoO3 NW film is obtained as 0.0036 cm2 /s, which is 9.48% of its bulk counterpart. The reduction in the thermal diffusivity of NW makes it a suitable candidate for thermoelectric applications.
Ključne besede: Nanowires Molybdenum oxide Photothermal beam deflection Thermal diffusivity
Objavljeno v RUNG: 04.07.2022; Ogledov: 666; Prenosov: 0
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Towards a novel method for iron species determination in Antarctic sea ice
Hanna Budasheva, Arne Bratkič, Dorota Korte, Mladen Franko, 2021, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Sea-ice borne iron has been found to be an important factor controlling Southern Ocean phytoplankton growth [1]. Knowing the amount and chemical speciation of its labile fraction in sea ice would advance our understanding of the involved processes. Unfortunately, it is rather difficult to perform their measurement because of limited access to the Antarctic. Thus there is a strong need for the development of a quick, simple and reliable technique for determination of iron and its speciation in sea-ice that ensures also low enough limits of detection. Recently, diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) have been widely used as passive samplers for collecting time-averaged data on the concentrations of transition metals in different media [2]. DGTs are further coupled to an analytical technique that in case of detecting metals in passive sampler films primarily requires their extraction [3], which may potentially lead to changes of the metal specification. In the present study, the beam deflection spectrometry (BDS) is coupled to DGT and used to determine the average concentration of iron in the sea ice samples collected at the Davis Station in the Antarctic. Such a combined technique has been already successfully applied for detecting labile iron species in freshwater sediments [4]. The obtained BDS data were validated by thermal lens spectrometry (TLS) and UV-Vis spectrophotometry (SPEC). The distribution of iron species over a given ice surface area using the DGT-BDS technique revealed total iron concentrations in the range of 0.6 – 5.3 μgL-1, whereas the Fe2+ content was found to be in the range of 0.1 – 1.5 μgL-1. The range taking into account all of the measurement points (5×4), the precision of a single measured point is 0.2 μgL-1. The calculated 24 h-average concentration of total Fe labile species in the ice by using BDS is 2.3 ± 0.5 μgL-1, which coincides with data obtained by SPEC (2.5 ± 0.4 μgL-1) and TLS (2.39 ± 0.02 μgL-1). Our results indicate that it is possible to develop a robust, contamination-resilient detection method for measuring the labile iron species concentration in the sea ice. In opposite to TLS and SPEC, BDS-DGT provides reliable information not only about the speciation of iron but also about their distribution on the ice surface.
Ključne besede: beam deflection spectrometry, diffusive gradients, thin films, iron species, photothermal techniques, Antarctic sea ice
Objavljeno v RUNG: 30.11.2021; Ogledov: 1572; Prenosov: 0
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Chemical (in)stability of interfaces between different metals and Bi[sub]2Se[sub]3 topological insulator
Katja Ferfolja, Mattia Fanetti, Sandra Gardonio, Matjaž Valant, 2018, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: In recent years a classification of materials based on their topological order gained popularity due to the discovery of materials with special topological character – topological insulators (TI). TI have different band structure than regular insulators or conductors. They are characterized by a band gap in the bulk of the material, but at the surface they possess conductive topological surface states (TSS) that cross the Fermi level. TSS are a consequence of the non-trivial bulk band structure and have properties that differ from ordinary surface states. They are robust toward contamination and deformation of the surface. Additionally, they are also spin polarized, which means that an electron spin is locked to a crystal momentum and, therefore, backscattering during transport is suppressed [1]. Due to their specific properties the TI could be used in fields of spintronics, quantum computing and catalysis [2]. The investigation of the interfaces between metals and the TI has not been given much attention even though its characterization is interesting from fundamental physics and applicative point of view. (In)stability of the contacts with metal electrodes, in a form of a chemical reaction or diffusion, has to be taken into account since it can affect the transport properties of the material or increase the contact resistance. Our research is dedicated to the study of the metal/TI interfaces, in particular to Bi2Se3 with deposited metals that are relevant for electrical contacts (Au, Ag, Pt, Cr, Ti). The thermal and chemical stability of the interfaces are of fundamental importance for understanding the contact behavior, therefore, we focused our work to the characterization of these properties. The metal/TI interfaces are investigated mainly with an electron microscopy (SEM, TEM, STM), EDX microanalysis and XRD. Our previous studies showed that the interface between Bi2Se3, and Ag deposited either chemically or from a vapor phase, results in the formation of new phases already at room temperature [3]. On the contrary, Au deposited on the Bi2Se3 surface shows very limited reactivity and is stable at RT, but diffusion and coalescence of the metal are observed starting from 100 °C [4]. In this contribution, we will present further characterization on the evolution of the Ag/Bi2Se3 and Au/Bi2Se3 interfaces, show preliminary results about recently investigated systems (Pt/Bi2Se3, Ti/Bi2Se3) and compare the thermal and chemical stability of the systems under investigation.
Ključne besede: thermal lens spectrometry, photothermal beam deflection spectroscopy, dye remediation, photothermal technique, photocatalytic degradation, reactive blue 19, TiO2 modification
Objavljeno v RUNG: 20.08.2021; Ogledov: 1727; Prenosov: 0
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