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Number mismatch effect and processing cataphora in a pro-drop language : the case of Slovenian
Matic Pavlič, Arthur Stepanov, 2023, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: Cataphora (also known as backward anaphora) is a type of pronominals that prcede their antecedents elinearly. Previous research on processing cataphora has explored the idea that cataphoric pronouns trigger a forward-looking active search for an antecedent to establish a coreference relation similar to a filler-gap dependency between a fronted wh-phrase and its base-generated syntactic position (Cowart & Cairns 1987). Van Gompel & Liversedge (2003) have shown that in an active search, the parser establishes a cataphoric coreference before considering pronominal phi-features. This results in a gender mismatch effect: sentences with incongruent incoming NP antecedents were more difficult to read than their congruent counterparts, as evidenced by slower reading times and eye movement regressions. In this paper, we report the results of a self-paced reading experiment in which the active search hypothesis is further tested by examining online cataphora resolution with respect to the number feature in Slovenian, a pro-drop language with a rich nominal and verbal morphology.
Ključne besede: cataphora, feature mismatch effect, forward-looking active search, self-paced reading, Slovenian, psycholinguistics
Objavljeno v RUNG: 16.01.2024; Ogledov: 306; Prenosov: 6
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Two-alternative forced-choice task to investigate the ordering of attributive adjectives in Slovenian
Vesna Plesničar, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Ključne besede: generative grammar, cartography, attributive adjective string, psycholinguistics
Objavljeno v RUNG: 07.11.2022; Ogledov: 1003; Prenosov: 0
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I disturbi del linguaggio : lecture at the University of Trieste, 6. 12. 2021
Sara Andreetta, 2021, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Ključne besede: language disorders, psycholinguistics, aphasia
Objavljeno v RUNG: 29.07.2022; Ogledov: 1188; Prenosov: 0
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Cos'è la psicologia del linguaggio : lecture at the University of Trieste, 15. 11. 2021
Sara Andreetta, 2021, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Ključne besede: Psycholinguistics, language, cognition
Objavljeno v RUNG: 29.07.2022; Ogledov: 1214; Prenosov: 0
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The theory of mind's role in pronoun acquisition : the phenomenon of pronoun reversal in typically developing children
Greta Mazzaggio, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study’s aim is to understand how children learn first- and second-person singular pronouns. Many researchers tried to find possible connection between Theory of Mind (ToM) and the acquisition of pronouns. The ability to produce and comprehend first- and second-person singular pronouns seems closely linked with the ability to appreciate other people’s mental states: a lack or non-mature development of ToM may thus affect their competence in using pronouns. To strengthen this hypothesis we focused on the phenomenon of pronoun reversal, which mainly consists in the substitution of I for you, and you for I, testing a group of 17 typically developing children - 38 to 70 months of age. Due to its pro-drop classification, Italian is the focus language of this study. The outcome showed a correlation between the phenomena of ToM and pronoun reversal. Further research should focus on the directionality of this correlation and better our understanding of its meaning.
Ključne besede: pronoun reversal, pronouns, echolalia, theory of mind, typically developing children, psycholinguistics
Objavljeno v RUNG: 27.09.2021; Ogledov: 1684; Prenosov: 45
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Pseudopartitives, measures and agreement: an experimental study
Greta Mazzaggio, Maria Rita Manzini, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Ključne besede: pseudopartitives, agreement, agreement attraction, italian, psycholinguistics
Objavljeno v RUNG: 22.09.2021; Ogledov: 1624; Prenosov: 0
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Explicit gender stereotyping in bilingualism
Greta Mazzaggio, 2021, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: A gender stereotype is a mental representation related to gender, according to which certain characteristics are attributed without direct experience (Allport 1954). Many ordinary words present a negative connotation when applied to women compared to men (Lakoff 1973). Do linguistic stimuli influence our bias towards gender stereotypes? We want to exploit the foreign language effect (FLE) to see whether explicit linguistic gender stereotypes are reduced in a second language (L2) compared to a first language (L1). We asked Italian native speakers (213), English native speakers (105) and Italian/English bilinguals (192) to evaluate words as neuter, masculine or feminine. We presented a total of 58 words divided into four categories: 14 Power words vs. 14 Weak words and 15 Warm words vs. 15 Cold words. As expected, overall, participants judged Power words much more masculine than Weak words and Cold words much more masculine than Warm words (Rudman et al. 2001). Running a two-way MANOVA (Group*Gender), there was a statistically significant effect of group for Weak words and of Gender for both Weak words and Warm words. Post-hoc analyses revealed that L2 participants behave differently from the L1 ones, with lower masculine scores for Power words, lower feminine scores for Weak words and Warm words. We demonstrated that when presented with words in a L2 participants are less prone to judge them in a gender-biased way. Our results seem to confirm the FLE: a L2 might trigger cognitive and emotional distance, leading to a lesser gender-biased semantic behavior and language might (mildly) affect how we perceive reality. The take home message is that linguistic behavior might affect our inner beliefs and, thus, how women are represented in everyday language should reflect better equality standards. Gender- free language policies (e.g., gender-neutral language) might be useful in the long run.
Ključne besede: linguistic sexism, gender, stereotype, psycholinguistics, bilingualism
Objavljeno v RUNG: 22.09.2021; Ogledov: 1622; Prenosov: 70
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How good a cue is a resumptive pronoun? Processing relative clauses in Slovenian
Matic Pavlič, Arthur Stepanov, 2020, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: We explore the time course of processing Slovenian subject and object relative clauses (SRC and ORC, respectively) and the role of resumptive pronouns (RP). Participants (adult native speakers of Slovenian, Exp1: N=37; Exp2: N=33, Exp3: N=35) read the sentences in the self-paced mode, followed by a comprehension question after each sentence. In Exp.1 we ask whether the basic SRC/ORC processing asymmetry obtains in Slovenian, despite the presence of an RP. Results: The RC verb was read longer in ORCs compared to SRCs, and postverbal NPs were read longer than preverbal NPs (Figure 1). Both observations are likely to reflect integration effects, suggesting that the presence of RP does not cancel the stand-ard SRC/ORC processing asymmetry. In Exp. 2, we ask whether this asymmetry depends on the structural position of the RC within the sentence. We manipulated RC type and structural position (center-embedded, right-peripheral), across four conditions. Results: similarly to Exp.1, a SRC/ORC asymmetry was observed at the RC verb as well as between the postverbal vs. preverbal NPs, independently of the structural position of RC. The main clause predicate was read slower in sentences with center-embedded RCs compared to those with right-peripheral RCs, in accordance of predictions of metric-based theories of integration cost. Questions following ORCs took somewhat longer to answer than those following SRCs. At the same time, all RCs were read slower in the right-peripheral position than in the center-embedded position, and questions following right-peripheral RCs were answered significantly less accurately than those following center-embedded RCs. We attribute the greater complexity associated with the right-peripheral position to availability of a competitive parse based on a pseudo-relative structures. In Exp.3, we investigate how the feature structure of an RC head and its corresponding RP may affect retrieval of the RC head with the ORC subject as a featural intervenor. Design: by crossing values for number (sg., pl.) and gender (masc.,fem.) between the RC head, RP and the ORC subject we created a continuum of feature matching across four conditions. Results: the integration effect at the RC verb was significantly greater in the conditions with non-matching gender, but not those with non-matching number, suggesting that an RP does not cancel the intervention effect caused by featural similarity, while supporting the conjecture that different patterns of processing nominal features may correlate with their grammatical status (e.g. semantic vs. morphological).
Ključne besede: relative clause, Slovenian, resumptive pronoun, self-paced reading, structural complexity, psycholinguistics
Objavljeno v RUNG: 02.09.2020; Ogledov: 2437; Prenosov: 0
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Age-related effects on language production : A combined psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic perspective
Andrea Marini, Sara Andreetta, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: This chapter focuses on the effects of aging on the process of language production from a psycholinguistic, and neurolinguistic perspective. The first section provides a detailed description of the language production system by outlining the notions of micro- and macrolinguistic processing and introducing to some of the most influential psycholinguistic models of message production. The second part focuses on psycholinguistic investigations assessing age-related variations in the ability to produce a verbal message. A conclusive section outlines the complex interplay between the neural changes induced by aging and the reorganization of the language production system.
Ključne besede: aging, language, neurolinguistics, psycholinguistics
Objavljeno v RUNG: 09.05.2016; Ogledov: 4760; Prenosov: 0

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