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Time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy with optimized high-harmonic pulses using frequency-doubled Ti:Sapphire lasers
Steffen Eich, Jurij Urbančič, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (trARPES) using femtosecond extreme ultraviolet high harmonics has recently emerged as a powerful tool for investigating ultrafast quasiparticle dynamics in correlated-electron materials. However, the full potential of this approach has not yet been achieved because, to date, high harmonics generated by 800 nm wavelength Ti:Sapphire lasers required a trade-off between photon flux, energy and time resolution. Photoemission spectroscopy requires a quasi-monochromatic output, but dispersive optical elements that select a single harmonic can significantly reduce the photon flux and time resolution. Here we show that 400 nm driven high harmonic extreme-ultraviolet trARPES is superior to using 800 nm laser drivers since it eliminates the need for any spectral selection, thereby increasing photon flux and energy resolution to <150 meV while preserving excellent time resolution of about 30 fs.
Ključne besede: angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, ARPES, high harmonic generation, ultrafast surface science
Objavljeno v RUNG: 20.04.2017; Ogledov: 5314; Prenosov: 0
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The mechanism of Li2S activation in lithium-sulfur batteries: Can we avoid the polysulfide formation?
Alen Vižintin, Laurent Chabanne, Elena Tchernychova, Iztok Arčon, Lorenzo Stievano, Giuliana Aquilanti, Markus Antonietti, Tim-Patric Fellinger, Robert Dominko, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Electrochemical reactions in the LieS batteries are considered as a multistep reaction process with at least 2e3 equilibrium states. Here we report a possibility of having a conversion of Li2S into sulfur without detectible formation of polysulfides. That was confirmed by using a novel material system consisting of carbon coated Li2S particles prepared by carbothermal reduction of Li2SO4. Two independent in operando measurements showed direct oxidation of Li2S into sulfur for this system, with almost negligible formation of polysulfides at potentials above 2.5 V vs. Li/Liþ. Our results link the diversity of first charge profiles in the literature to the Li2S oxidation mechanism and show the importance of ionic wiring within the material. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the Li2S oxidation mechanism depends on the relative amount of soluble sulfur in the electrolyte. By controlling the type and the amount of electrolyte within the encapsulating carbon shell, it is thereby possible to control the reaction mechanism of Li2S activation.
Ključne besede: Lithium-sulfur batteries Li2S active material XAS UV/Vis spectroscopy Li2S activation
Objavljeno v RUNG: 03.03.2017; Ogledov: 5240; Prenosov: 0
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Operando characterization of batteries using x-ray absorption spectroscopy: advances at the beamline XAFS at synchrotron Elettra
Giuliana Aquilanti, marco Giorgetti, Robert Dominko, Lorenzo Stievano, Iztok Arčon, Nicola Novello, Luca Ivanc Olivieri, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: X-ray absorption spectroscopy is a synchrotron radiation based technique that is able to provide information on both local structure and electronic properties in a chemically selective manner. It can be used to characterize the dynamic processes that govern the electrochemical energy storage in batteries, and to shed light on the redox chemistry and changes in structure during galvanostatic cycling to design cathode materials with improved properties. Operando XAS studies have been performed at beamline XAFS at Elettra on different systems. For Li-ion batteries, a multiedge approach revealed the role of the different cathode components during the charge and discharge of the battery. In addition, Li-S batteries for automotive applications were studied. Operando sulfur K-edge XANES and EXAFS analysis was used to characterize the redox chemistry of sulfur, and to relate the electrochemical mechanism to its local structure.
Ključne besede: operando studies, x-ray absorption spectroscopy, Li-ion batteries, Li-S batteries
Objavljeno v RUNG: 03.03.2017; Ogledov: 6235; Prenosov: 0
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Basics and applications of photothermal beam deflection spectroscopy;
Dorota Korte, 2016, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci (vabljeno predavanje)

Ključne besede: beam deflection spectroscopy, photothermal effects, material characterization
Objavljeno v RUNG: 07.11.2016; Ogledov: 4791; Prenosov: 550
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,07 MB)

Photocatalytic Activity of Zirconium- and Manganese- Codoped Titania in Aqueous Media: The Role of the Metal Dopant and its Incorporation Site
O. L. Pliekhov, Iztok Arčon, Nataša Novak Tušar, Urška Lavrenčič Štangar, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The development of efficient TiO2-based photocatalysts for water treatment is mainly performed by doping with transition metals or by establishing junctions between different phases, metal–semiconductor or semiconductor–semiconductor. We present, for the first time, the synthesis of Zr- and Mn-modified TiO2 by a redesigned sol–gel technique that allows the formation of heterometallic bridges on the TiO2 surface. Cations of the doping metals are located in the pores of mesoporous anatase and attached to the crystalline TiO2 walls. The presence of the Zr enhances the photoactivity of the TiO2 catalyst. However, the introduction of Mn decreases the photocatalytic efficiency in a nonadditive manner. The inhibition effect was assigned to the side reaction between hydroxyl radicals and Mn ions. The fact that Mn effectively scavenges the hydroxyl radicals and, consequently, inhibits the whole oxidation process is direct proof that hydroxyl radicals are the main reactive species in the photocatalytic oxidative processes on TiO2 surfaces in aqueous media and the process of COH generation is the rate-determining step, which was confirmed using a method based on the decolorization of a commercial dye Bezaktiv Blau in a reaction with Fenton’s reagent as a source of hydroxyl radicals.
Ključne besede: doping, manganese, oxidation, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, zirconium
Objavljeno v RUNG: 21.07.2016; Ogledov: 4281; Prenosov: 0
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Operando (micro) XAFS analysis
Iztok Arčon, Robert Dominko, Katarina Vogel-Mikuš, 2016, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci (vabljeno predavanje)

Opis: In the talk the principles of XAS methods were presented with practical examples which illustrate the possibilities and advanced approaches for their use in structural analysis of different types of materials. The emphasis will be on to the use of XAS spectroscopy in operando mode and in combination with X-ray microscopy.
Ključne besede: X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray microscopy, EXAFS, XANES, opearndo mode
Objavljeno v RUNG: 25.03.2016; Ogledov: 6294; Prenosov: 165
.pdf Celotno besedilo (18,40 MB)

Chemical and structural investigation of the cobalt phthalocyanine
Matija Stupar, 2015, magistrsko delo

Opis: In the last two decades, studies on organic molecules mimicking substances of fundamental importance in nature, like chlorophyll or hemoglobin, have attracted researchers’ attention. These molecules are building blocks for a family of materials also referred to as “organic semiconductors”. Such compounds can be implemented in numerous applications, ranging from data-storage to light harvesting. Some of their fundamental advantages include low cost, light weight, relatively easy engineering and mechanical flexibility, compatible with bending plastic substrates. In this thesis work we investigated the chemical, structural and electronic properties of cobalt phthalocyanines (CoPc). These molecules have promising applications in the field of magnetic data storage and spintronics in general, due to the ferromagnetic properties of the cobalt atom. Several techniques like photoemission core-level spectroscopy and valence band spectroscopy, together with X-ray absorption, have been used in order to determine the CoPc properties in gaseous phase, i.e. in the absence of interaction with the surrounding environment. Another set of experiments was devoted to the commissioning of the CITIUS time-resolved photoemission setup, that will be used in future studies of CoPc molecules on surfaces.
Ključne besede: Cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc), photoemission spectroscopy (PES), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), synchrotron radiation, laser, high order harmonic generation (HHG), time resolved spectroscopy
Objavljeno v RUNG: 29.09.2015; Ogledov: 8968; Prenosov: 280
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,96 MB)

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