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1.
Borderless aeasthetics : the new ugly
Sandra Jovanovska, 2024, magistrsko delo

Opis: Through the lens of ugliness, the purpose of this Master’s thesis is to explore a potential model of a new unrestricted aesthetics. I, hereby, refer to an aesthetics beyond its canonical order, an individualistically-driven scheme of standards or perhaps no standards at all. All can be simplified with Eco’s quote on the opposition of the beautiful and the ugly: ’A beautiful nose shouldn’t be longer than that or shorter than that, on the contrary, an ugly nose can be as long as the one of Pinocchio, or as big as the trunk of an elephant, or like the beak of an eagle, and so ugliness is unpredictable, and offers an infinite range of possibility’. While the aesthetics of beauty has already positioned framework of rules in regards to proportion, symmetry, and harmony, the aesthetics of ugliness has no particular guidelines and limitations whatsoever. Unlike the beautiful, what we perceive as ugly doesn’t have its lawfulness, because for a long time in the history of art, ugliness was just the opposite face of beauty. As a consequence, the ugly embodies a big category of undetermined standards in visual arts and culture, which leads to it becoming a large unmapped territory of boundless autonomy. The ugly is in that context the key to facing and unleashing our phenomenological fears of bleak dark deformed realities that lie unchallenged and unaddressed on account of ugliness’ taboo status. Thus, when familiarised, I believe ugliness in art has a powerful impact, a quality that we have to yet begin to understand to get a full image of ourselves, for if we rely on beauty, as we did for such a long time in history, we are depriving ourselves of a true holistic proportion in art.
Ključne besede: art, man, ugliness, new, aesthetics, beauty, artist, time, image, Dada, history, context, different, body, personal, culture, transform, political, philosophy, standard, perspective.
Objavljeno v RUNG: 10.05.2024; Ogledov: 150; Prenosov: 4
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Air-water interface-assisted synthesis and charge transport characterization of quasi-2d polyacetylene films with enhanced electron mobility via ring-opening polymerization of pyrrole
Kejun Liu, Nadiia Pastukhova, Egon Pavlica, Gvido Bratina, Xinliang Feng, 2024, drugi sestavni deli

Opis: Water surfaces catalyze some organic reactions more effectively, making them unique for 2D organic material synthesis. This report introduces a new synthesis method via surfactant-monolayer-assisted interfacial synthesis on water surfaces for ring-opening polymerization of pyrrole, producing distinct polypyrrole derivatives with polyacetylene backbones and ionic substitutions. The synthesis result in quasi 2D polyacetylene (q2DPA) film with enhanced charge transport behavior. We employed time-of-flight photoconductivity (TOFP) measurements using pulsed laser light of tunable wavelength for photoexcitation of the charge carriers within the q2DPA film. The charge transport was measured in the lateral direction as a function of external bias voltage ranging from 0 V to 200 V. We observed high electron mobility ({\mu}) of q2DPA reaching values of 375 cm2 V-1 s-1 at bias voltage Vb = -20V and photon energy of 3.8 eV.
Ključne besede: air-water interface-assisted synthesis, time-of-flight photoconductivity, 2D polymers, quasi 2D polyacetylene, q2DPA
Objavljeno v RUNG: 09.04.2024; Ogledov: 405; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,89 MB)
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4.
High charge carrier mobility in thin films of quasi-two-dimensional polyacetylenes with sulphuric inter-chain linkers
Nadiia Pastukhova, Gvido Bratina, Egon Pavlica, 2023, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Quasi-two-dimensional conjugated polymers (q2DCP) have been described and recognised as crystalline, one- or two-layer polymer nanosheets prepared by arranging linear conjugated polymer chains in a 2D plane via non-covalent interchain interactions.[1,2] The extension of polymer dimensionality to two dimensions improves the alignment of individual polymer layers and overcomes the limitations associated with charge carrier hopping between polymer chains in one-dimensional and crosslinked polymers [3] Compared to other two-dimensional materials such as graphene or transition metal dichalcogenides, q2DCPs offer a high degree of flexibility in chemical design and are compatible with liquid-based processing methods. Various q2DCPs have been synthesized by surface active monolayer-assisted interfacial synthesis (SMAIS) [5] The photoreaction of these materials is of particular interest due to their tunable properties such as band gap and associated wavelength-dependent photoexcitation, which enables a wide range of applications in optoelectronic devices. Using time-of-flight photoconductivity measurements (TOF-PC) [4], we investigate the charge transport properties of 2D polyacetylene prepared by the SMAIS method. A typical TOFP measurement of q2D polyacetylene is shown in Figure 1, using a focused nanosecond pulse laser at 325 nm and an electrode spacing of 250 µm. From the polarity of the bias voltage and the duration of the photocurrent, we can determine the polarity, velocity, and mobility of the photo-excited carriers as a function of the applied bias voltage and excitation wavelength. and observed electron mobility of 250 cm2/Vs, which is in the range of the most advanced organic single-crystal small-molecule semiconductors and almost an order of magnitude higher than linear polymeric semiconductors. We investigated the optical absorption and transmission on a lateral scale using scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM).
Ključne besede: 2D polymers, organic semiconductors, q2DPA, SNOM, time-of-flight photoconductivity
Objavljeno v RUNG: 25.03.2024; Ogledov: 401; Prenosov: 1
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Organic and flexible : lecture at Ženske v znanosti in za znanost, Ljubljana, 12. 2. 2024
Nadiia Pastukhova, 2024, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Opis: The development of organic semiconductors (OS) opens a new perspective and possibilities for novel device architectures including flexible and wearable electronics. One of the key parameters is the charge carriers' mobility. In OSs, it is affected by many factors, including molecular stacking, chemical impurities, temperature, pressure, electric field, and charge carrier density. These factors can affect the structural or energetic disorder. To overcome limitations, new polymers that extend the π-conjugation to two dimensions were developed. The two-dimensional network structure provides a high degree of structural stability and tunability of properties, while the organic molecules can be engineered to exhibit specific chemical and physical properties such as large surface area, pore size, and electronic properties. I will present our recent research, where quasi-2D polyacetylene (q2DPA) demonstrates high electron mobility along the direction of the layer, measured by the lateral time-of-flight photoconductivity (TOF) method.
Ključne besede: 2D polymers, time-of-flight photoconductivity, TOF, organic semiconductors
Objavljeno v RUNG: 22.03.2024; Ogledov: 430; Prenosov: 2
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Uncovering the nature of transient and metastable nonequilibrium phases in 1T − ▫$TaS_2$ ▫
Tanusree Saha, Arindam Pramanik, Barbara Ressel, Alessandra Ciavardini, Fabio Frassetto, Federico Galdenzi, Luca Poletto, Arun Ravindran, Primož Rebernik Ribič, Giovanni De Ninno, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Complex systems are characterized by strong coupling between different microscopic degrees of freedom. Photoexcitation of such materials can drive them into new transient and metastable hidden phases that may not have any counterparts in equilibrium. By exploiting femtosecond time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we probe the photoinduced transient phase and the recovery dynamics of the ground state in a complex material: the charge density wave (CDW)–Mott insulator 1T-TaS2. We reveal striking similarities between the band structures of the transient phase and the (equilibrium) structurally undistorted metallic phase, with evidence for the coexistence of the low-temperature Mott insulating phase and high-temperature metallic phase. Following the transient phase, we find that the restorations of the Mott and CDW orders begin around the same time. This highlights that the Mott transition is tied to the CDW structural distortion, although earlier studies have shown that the collapses of Mott and CDW phases are decoupled from each other. Interestingly, as the suppressed order starts to recover, a metastable phase emerges before the material recovers to the ground state. Our results demonstrate that it is the CDW lattice order that drives the material into this metastable phase, which is indeed a commensurate CDW–Mott insulating phase but with a smaller CDW amplitude. Moreover, we find that the metastable phase emerges only under strong photoexcitation (∼3.6 mJ/cm2) and has no evidence when the photoexcitation strength is weak (∼1.2 mJ/cm2).
Ključne besede: angle resolved photoemission, time resolved photoemission, 2D materials, charge density wave, Mott insulator
Objavljeno v RUNG: 15.01.2024; Ogledov: 612; Prenosov: 4
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