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111.
Laser ablation-single-particle-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry as a multimodality bioimaging tool in nano-based omics
Samo B. Hočevar, Mitja Kolar, Vid Simon Šelih, Iztok Arčon, Katarina Vogel-Mikuš, Martin Šala, Johannes Teun van Elteren, Dino Metarapi, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Advanced data processing and visualization techniques were applied to laser ablation-single particleinductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-sp-ICPMS) data obtained from imaging of roots of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) which were exposed to ionic silver (Ag+). Highly multiplexed images with tissue level resolution were generated, showing the uptake and transformation of Ag+ to silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in whole root cross-sections, and revealing that the size of biosynthesized AgNPs is predisposed by the reducing power of particular root compartments. Various Ag+ and AgNP visualization strategies are shown with special emphasis on spatially resolved information associated with the number and spherical-equivalent size of individual AgNPs in user-selected root cross-sectional regions, including statistical analysis of the AgNP distribution. Normally, this multimodality information can only be obtained by combining the results of techniques from several complementary platforms.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Laser ablation, Ag XANES, bioimaging
Objavljeno: 03.06.2021; Ogledov: 393; Prenosov: 13
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
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112.
Spremljanje kemijskih procesov na atomskem nivoju v živo z rentgensko absorpcijsko spektrometrijo
Iztok Arčon, 2021, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Skokovit razvoj izjemno svetlih sinhrotronskih virov rentgenske in ultravijolične svetlobe v zadnjih letih je odprl nove možnosti za raziskave snovi na atomskem oziroma molekularnem nivoju, brez katerih si ne moremo predstavljati razvoja in sinteze novih funkcionalnih nanostrukturnih materialov z želenimi lastnostmi. V predavanju bodo predstavljene možnosti, ki jih nudi rentgenska absorpcijska spektroskopija s sinhrotronsko svetlobo pri karakterizacij različnih funkcionalnih nano-materialov v živo med njihovim delovanjem. Z metodama operando mikro-XANES in EXAFS lahko sledimo spremembam valenčnih stanj in lokalnih struktur izbranih elementov npr. v materialih za shranjevanje energije ali v različnih (foto)katalizatorjih, med kemičnimi reakcijami pri nadzorovanih reakcijskih pogojih, s čimer dobimo vpogled v dinamične funkcionalne lastnosti in mehanizme delovanja teh materialov. Novi sinhrotronski viri svetlobe odpirajo tudi možnosti kombinacije rentgenske spektroskopije in mikroskopije z ločljivostjo do nekaj deset nanometrov, s čimer lahko ključno prispevajo tudi k razumevanju mehanizmov zajemanja, transporta, akumulacije in kompleksacije kovinskih kationov na sub-celičnem nivoju v različnih tkivih rastlin, ki te polutante (hiper)akumulirajo in jih s tem prenašajo v prehranjevalno verigo.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: rentgenska absorpcijska spektroskopija, operando XAS, strukturna analiza materialov
Objavljeno: 03.06.2021; Ogledov: 392; Prenosov: 13
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
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113.
Improved photocatalytic activity of SnO[sub]2-TiO[sub]2 nanocomposite thin films prepared by low-temperature sol-gel method
Urška Lavrenčič Štangar, Giovanni Palmisano, Matjaž Valant, Mattia Fanetti, Samar Al Jitan, Iztok Arčon, Ksenija Maver, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The objective of this research was to investigate how the photocatalytic activity of pure TiO2 can be improved by SnO2 modification. Different molar ratios of tin to titanium were prepared. The correlation between tin concentration and structural properties was investigated to explain the mechanism of photocatalytic efficiency and to optimize the synthesis conditions to obtain enhanced activity of the SnO2-modified TiO2 photocatalysts under UV-irradiation. The SnO2-modified TiO2 photocatalysts were prepared by a low-temperature sol-gel method based on organic tin and titanium precursors. The precursors underwent sol-gel reactions separately to form SnO2-TiO2 sol. The sol-gels were deposited on a glass substrate by a dip-coating technique and dried at 150 ◦C to obtain the photocatalysts in the form of a thin film. To test the thermal stability of the material, an additional set of photocatalysts was prepared by calcining the dried samples in air at 500 ◦C. The photocatalytic activity of the samples was determined by measuring the degradation rate of an azo dye. An increase of up to 30% in the photocatalytic activity of the air-dried samples was obtained when the TiO2 was modified with the SnO2 in a concentration range of 0.1–1 mol.%. At higher SnO2 loadings, the photocatalytic activity of the photocatalyst was reduced compared to the unmodified TiO2. The calcined samples showed an overall reduced photocatalytic activity compared to the air-dried samples. Various characterization techniques (UV-Vis, XRD, N2-physisorption, TEM, EDX, SEM, XAS and photoelectrochemical characterization) were used to explain the mechanism for the enhanced and hindered photocatalytic performances of the SnO2-modified TiO2 photocatalysts. The results showed that the nanocrystalline cassiterite SnO2 is attached to the TiO2 nanocrystallites through the Sn-O-Ti bonds. In this way, the coupling of two semiconductors, SnO2 and TiO2, was demonstrated. Compared to single-phase photocatalysts, the coupling of semiconductors has a beneficial effect on the separation of charge carriers, which prolongs their lifetime for accessibility to participate in the redox reactions. The maximum increase in activity of the thin films was achieved in the low concentration range (0.1–1 mol.%), which means that an optimal ratio and contact of the two phases is achieved for the given physical parameters such as particle size, shape and specific surface area of the catalyst.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: photocatalytic activity, Sn-modified TiO2, low-temperature, thin films, XAS analysis
Objavljeno: 05.07.2021; Ogledov: 370; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (5,18 MB)

114.
1,8-dihydroxy naphthalene (DHN) - melanin confers tolerance to cadmium in isolates of melanised dark septate endophytes
Marjana Regvar, Jože Grdadolnik, Iztok Arčon, Katarina Vogel-Mikuš, Matevž Likar, Mateja Potisek, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The contribution of 1,8-dihydroxy naphthalene (DHN) melanin to cadmium (Cd) tolerance in two dark septate endophytes (DSE) of the genus Cadophora with different melanin content was investigated in vitro. The DSE isolate Cad#148 with higher melanin content showed higher tolerance to Cd than the less melanised Cad#149. Melanin synthesis was significantly reduced by Cd in both isolates with uninhibited melanin synthesis, in a dosedependent manner. Inhibition of melanin synthesis by tricyclazole reduced the relative growth of Cad#148 exposed to Cd and did not affect Cad#149. Cd accumulation was not altered by tricyclazole in the two isolates, but it increased catalase and reduced glutathione reductase activity in more melanised Cad#148, indicating higher stress levels. In contrast, in Cad#149 the enzyme activity was less affected by tricyclazole, indicating a more pronounced role of melanin-independent Cd tolerance mechanisms. Cd ligand environment in fungal mycelia was analysed by extended EXAFS (X-ray absorption fine structure). It revealed that Cd was mainly bound to O- and S-ligands, including hydroxyl, carboxyl, phosphate and thiol groups. A similar proportion of S- and Oligands (~35% and ~65%) were found in both isolates with uninhibited melanin synthesis. Among O-ligands two types with Cd-O-C- and Cd-O-P- coordination were identified. Tricyclazole altered Cd-O- ligand environment in both fungal isolates by reducing the proportion of Cd-O-C- and increasing the proportion of Cd-O-P coordination. DHN-melanin, among other tolerance mechanisms, significantly contributes to Cd tolerance in more melanised DSE fungi by immobilising Cd to hydroxyl groups and maintaining the integrity of the fungal cell wall.
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: DSE, melanin, Cd tolerance, inhibitor tricyclazole, antioxidant enzymes, EXAFS
Objavljeno: 13.07.2021; Ogledov: 338; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,73 MB)

115.
Resolving the dilemma of Fe-N-C catalysts by the selective synthesis of tetrapyrrolic active sites via an imprinting strategy
Tim-Patrick Fellinger, Beate Paulus, Miran Gaberšček, Francisco Ruiz-Zepeda, Friedrich Wagner, Burak Koyutürk, Iztok Arčon, Yan-Sheng Li, Jian Liang Low, Davide Menga, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Combining the abundance and inexpensiveness of their constituent elements with their atomic dispersion, atomically dispersed Fe−N−C catalysts represent the most promising alternative to precious-metal-based materials in proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells. Due to the high temperatures involved in their synthesis and the sensitivity of Fe ions toward carbothermal reduction, current synthetic methods are intrinsically limited in type and amount of the desired, catalytically active Fe− N4 sites, and high active site densities have been out of reach (dilemma of Fe−N−C catalysts). We herein identify a paradigm change in the synthesis of Fe−N−C catalysts arising from the developments of other M−N−C single-atom catalysts. Supported by DFT calculations we propose fundamental principles for the synthesis of M−N−C materials. We further exploit the proposed principles in a novel synthetic strategy to surpass the dilemma of Fe−N−C catalysts. The selective formation of tetrapyrrolic Zn−N4 sites in a tailor-made Zn−N−C material is utilized as an active-site imprint for the preparation of a corresponding Fe−N−C catalyst. By successive low- and high-temperature ion exchange reactions, we obtain a phase-pure Fe−N−C catalyst, with a high loading of atomically dispersed Fe (>3 wt %). Moreover, the catalyst is entirely composed of tetrapyrrolic Fe−N4 sites. The density of tetrapyrrolic Fe−N4 sites is more than six times as high as for previously reported tetrapyrrolic single-site Fe−N−C fuel cell catalysts
Najdeno v: osebi
Ključne besede: Fe-N-C catalysts, selective synthesis, tetrapyrrolic active sites, EXAFS, XANES, single atom, DFT
Objavljeno: 25.10.2021; Ogledov: 188; Prenosov: 3
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
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