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1.
Measurement of cosmic-ray proton and helium spectra from the ISS-CREAM experiment
G. H. Choi, R. U. Abbasi, Y. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, Yasuhiko Arai, R. Arimura, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, Douglas R. Bergman, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The Cosmic Ray Energetics And Mass for the International Space Station (ISS-CREAM) experiment successfully recorded data for 539 days from Aug. 2017 to Feb. 2019. The ISS-CREAM instrument consists of a Silicon Charge Detector (SCD), carbon targets, a calorimeter (CAL), a top counting detector (TCD), a bottom counting detector (BCD), and a boronated scintillator detector (BSD). In this analysis, the SCD was used for the charge measurements. It comprises four layers, and each SCD layer is finely segmented with 2,688 silicon pixels to minimize charge misidentification due to the backscattered particles. The CAL was used for the energy measurements. It comprises 20 layers of tungsten/scintillating fibers. Each tungsten/scintillating-fiber layer consists of a 50 cm × 50 cm × 3.5 mm tungsten plate, followed by a layer of fifty 1 cm-wide 50 cm-long scintillating-fiber ribbons. The CAL also provides the incident cosmic-ray track and the high-energy trigger. For the low-energy trigger, the TCD and BCD were used. In this paper, we present the proton spectrum from the ISS-CREAM experiment in the energy range of 1.6 - 655 TeV and the preliminary helium spectrum in the energy range of 2.7 TeV - 1.1 PeV
Ključne besede: Telescope Array, TAx4, indirect detection, hybrid detection
Objavljeno v RUNG: 10.10.2023; Ogledov: 961; Prenosov: 6
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2.
Effect of optical properties of FDs on reconstruction analysis
Daiki Sato, R. U. Abbasi, Y. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, Yasuhiko Arai, R. Arimura, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, Douglas R. Bergman, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The TA experiment uses fluorescence telescopes to observe cosmic ray air showers. The telescope camera uses PMTs as Pixels. The telescope’s PMT pointing direction has an uncertainty of 0.1°, and more precise measurements of the telescope's optical properties are needed to more accurately reconstruct the cosmic ray air showers. We have developed the Opt-copter which is a light source mounted on a drone that can be flown within the telescope's field of view. Observational experiments with the Opt-copter have provided a more accurate analysis of the telescope viewing direction. In this study, we estimate the effect of this measurement of accurate telescope viewing direction on the reconstruction of cosmic ray air showers.
Ključne besede: Telescope Array, indirect detection, fluorescence detection, ultra-high energy, cosmic rays, composition, calibration, Xmax
Objavljeno v RUNG: 10.10.2023; Ogledov: 963; Prenosov: 6
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3.
Effects of atmospheric transparency on Telescope Array air shower analysis
K. Mizuno, R. U. Abbasi, Y. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, Yasuhiko Arai, R. Arimura, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, Douglas R. Bergman, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The Telescope Array (TA) experiment continues to observe Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs) both with its original TA detectors as well as with the new TAx4 expansion detectors. These observations employ Fluorescence Detectors (FDs) to capture the air shower induced by the primary UHECRs. The FD observes fluorescence light emitted from atmospheric nitrogen molecules excited by air shower particles. Observation of the FD extends over tens of kilometers, and the fluorescence light is attenuated by scattering from atmospheric molecules and aerosols during the propagation process. Seasonal dependence was found when evaluating the attenuation of fluorescence by aerosols. We will report on the effects of this seasonal dependence on TA air shower analysis.
Ključne besede: Telescope Array, TAx4, indirect detection, hybrid detection
Objavljeno v RUNG: 10.10.2023; Ogledov: 962; Prenosov: 6
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4.
Updates of the surface detector array of the TAx4 experiment
Eiji Kido, R. U. Abbasi, Y. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, Yasuhiko Arai, R. Arimura, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, Douglas R. Bergman, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The TAx4 experiment plans to realize an Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) detection area four times larger than that of the TA experiment. TAx4 will include five hundreds new surface detectors (SD) spaced at 2.08 km and two new fluorescence detectors (FD), which provides hybrid observation of UHECRs. We deployed 257 SDs in 2019 and completed building 2 FD stations in 2020, all operating stably. The data acquisition of the SDs is made via six communication towers, and inter-tower triggers have been recently implemented.
Ključne besede: Telescope Array, TAx4, indirect detection, hybrid detection
Objavljeno v RUNG: 10.10.2023; Ogledov: 835; Prenosov: 6
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5.
Anisotropies in the arrival direction distribution of ultra-high energy cosmic rays measured by the Telescope Array surface detector
Jihyun Kim, R. U. Abbasi, Y. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, Yasuhiko Arai, R. Arimura, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, Douglas R. Bergman, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) are extremely energetic, charged particles with energies greater than 10^18 eV, originating from outer space. We investigate anisotropic patterns in the arrival direction distribution of UHECRs to identify their source locations. The Telescope Array (TA) experiment, the largest UHECR observatory in the northern hemisphere, has observed evidence of two intermediate-scale anisotropies in UHECR arrival direction distributions: the TA Hotspot and the Perseus-Pisces supercluster excess. In this presentation, we will describe an oversampling analysis that we performed to find the excess of events using the data measured by the TA surface detector array. We will report the latest results of the TA Hotspot and Perseus-Pisces supercluster excesses.
Ključne besede: Telescope Array, TALE, low energy extension, indirect detection, hybrid detection
Objavljeno v RUNG: 10.10.2023; Ogledov: 827; Prenosov: 4
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6.
High-speed video camera observations associated with a terrestrial gamma-ray flash at the Telescope Array Detector
R. Abbasi, R. U. Abbasi, Y. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, Yasuhiko Arai, R. Arimura, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, Douglas R. Bergman, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: This work presents observations of the optical emission of a lightning flash in conjunction with a downward-directed Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flash (TGF) at the Telescope Array detector. Previously in ICRC-2021, we reported joint observations by the Telescope Array Surface Detector (TASD), the Lightning Mapping Array, a sferic sensor, and a broadband interferometer of particle showers in coincidence with lightning. These observations consisted of energetic showers of approximately less than 10-microsecond duration with footprints on the ground of 3-6 kilometers in diameter, originating in the first one to two milliseconds of downward lightning leaders and in coincidence with the initial breakdown pulses stage of negative cloud-to-ground lighting leaders. Scintillator waveform and simulation studies confirmed that these showers must consist primarily of gamma radiations. In this work, we use the TASD detector, together with a high-speed video camera, in conjunction with multiple lightning instruments at the TASD site, to report on the optical emission associated with a downward-directed terrestrial gamma-ray flash. Results from this study allow us to further the understanding of the initiation and propagation mechanism of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes. It will also further our ability to compare the most recent satellite optical emissions counterpart of upward-directed TGFs to that of downward-directed TGFs.
Ključne besede: Telescope Array, low energy extension, indirect detection, hybrid detection
Objavljeno v RUNG: 10.10.2023; Ogledov: 813; Prenosov: 5
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7.
Measurement of cosmic-ray energy spectrum with the TALE detector in hybrid mode
H. Oshima, R. U. Abbasi, Y. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, Yasuhiko Arai, R. Arimura, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, Douglas R. Bergman, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The TA Low-energy Extension (TALE) experiment extends the low-energy side of the TA experiment below 10^15 eV. A main objective of TALE is to study the transition from galactic to extragalactic cosmic rays. The TALE detector is a hybrid observatory composed of fluorescence telescopes and a surface detector array of scintillation counters. The surface detectors are arranged with inter-counter spacing of 400 and 600 meters, suitable for hybrid energy spectrum measurements in the low-energy region. We measured the energy spectrum using data collected during 429 hours of observation by the TALE hybrid detector. This energy spectrum measurement will play an important role in understanding the transition from cosmic rays of galactic origin to those of extragalactic origin.
Ključne besede: Telescope Array, TALE, low energy extension, indirect detection, hybrid detection
Objavljeno v RUNG: 10.10.2023; Ogledov: 869; Prenosov: 4
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8.
Measurement of the cosmic ray energy spectrum with the TA×4 SD array
Kozo Fujisue, R. U. Abbasi, Y. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, Yasuhiko Arai, R. Arimura, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, Douglas R. Bergman, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: The TA×4 experiment aims to better understand the origin and nature of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) by expanding the observation area of the Telescope Array (TA) experiment by a factor of 4. This expansion will increase the statistics of UHECR events with energies greater than 10^19.5 eV. The SD, which means the additionally deployed surface detectors (SD) for the TA×4 experiment, has been collecting data since 2019, and the analysis of this data is currently underway. In this presentation, we will report comparisons between the Monte Carlo simulation and the data obtained by the TA×4 SD array and highlight the agreement between the two. We will also report on the UHECR energy spectrum observed by the TA×4 SD array from October 2019 to September 2022.
Ključne besede: Telescope Array, TAx4, indirect detection, surface detection, ground array, ultra-high energy, cosmic rays, energy spectrum
Objavljeno v RUNG: 09.10.2023; Ogledov: 915; Prenosov: 7
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9.
Search for EeV photon-induced events at the Telescope Array
I. Kharuk, R. U. Abbasi, Y. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, Yasuhiko Arai, R. Arimura, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, Douglas R. Bergman, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: We report on the updated results on the search for photon-like-induced events in the data, collected by Telescope Array's Surface Detectors during the last 14 years. In order to search for photon-like-induced events, we trained a neural network on Monte-Carlo simulated data to distinguish between the proton-induced and photon-induced air showers. Both reconstructed composition-sensitive parameters and raw signals registered by the Surface Detectors are used as input data for the neural network. The classification threshold was optimized to provide the strongest possible constraint on the photons' flux.
Ključne besede: Telescope Array, indirect detection, surface detection, ground array, ultra-high energy, cosmic rays, photons, neural network, machine learning
Objavljeno v RUNG: 09.10.2023; Ogledov: 972; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (543,46 KB)
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10.
Systematic uncertainty in the analysis of the TA fluorescence detector from fluorescence yield models
Kohei Komori, R. U. Abbasi, Y. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, Yasuhiko Arai, R. Arimura, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, Douglas R. Bergman, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Ultra-high energy cosmic rays have been observed by various experiments such as Telescope Array (TA) and the Pierre Auger Observatory (Auger). There are differences in the energy spectra measured by TA and Auger. One reason for this difference is systematic uncertainty in the energy determination. The fluorescence yield model, which consists of fluorescence emission efficiencies and spectra, is one of the most significant components of this systematic uncertainty. Fluorescence emission efficiencies and spectra have been measured in various experiments, and different measurements are currently used to determine the energy of the TA and Auger experiments. In this study, we estimate the influence of the fluorescence yield model on the systematic uncertainty in the energy determination of the TA fluorescence detector.
Ključne besede: Telescope Array, TAx4, indirect detection, fluorescence detection, fluorescence yield, ultra-high energy, cosmic rays, energy uncertainty
Objavljeno v RUNG: 09.10.2023; Ogledov: 1016; Prenosov: 5
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