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11.
The cultural collaboration between Jacob Grimm and Vuk Karadžić : A fruitful friendship connecting Western Europe to the Balkans
Giustina Selvelli, 2014, drugi sestavni deli

Opis: The following article aims at presenting a significant case of intercultural relations between Germany and Serbia that took place during the first half of the 19th Century thanks to the epistolary correspondence between Jacob Grimm and Vuk Karadžić. The German scholar started exploring Serbian language and culture in order to reach a better knowledge of the folk songs Vuk Karadžić was collecting at the time. These songs constituted for Jacob Grimm an essential term of comparison which allowed him to give more concreteness to his theories and researches about “natural language” and encouraged him to explore the field of Indo-European comparative philology. On the other side, Jacob Grimm's support helped Vuk Karadžić in his struggle for the codification of a written language in his country, on the basis of the popular one. The role played by Grimm, together with Goethe, in the diffusion and appreciation of Serbian folk songs is inestimable: thanks to him Western Europe got to know the culture of a part of the continent, towards which prejudices and ignorance were still prevailing. The idea of reciprocal approaching of cultures was also inscribed in Goethe's conception of Weltliteratur, which considered translation as a fundamental part of German culture and the condition for its further growth since Luther's translation of the Bible.
Ključne besede: Vuk Karadžić, Jacob Grimm, Serbian Folk Songs, Indo-European Philology, Cultural Translation, Weltliteratur
Objavljeno v RUNG: 21.09.2020; Ogledov: 2441; Prenosov: 0
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12.
ESUO: The European Synchrotron and FEL User Organisation: Aims & Activities
Iztok Arčon, 2018, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: The European Synchrotron and free-electron laser (FEL) User Organisation (ESUO) established in 2010 [1] today represents about 30.000 users. We aim at representing the users from all European countries. Each country is represented within ESUO by one up to four national delegate(s), depending on the size of the user community in the respective country. ESUO’s main objectives are (i) to promote an integrated approach throughout Europe for the use of European synchrotron and FEL facilities, (ii) to enable all European scientists to make use of the existing European synchrotron and FEL research infrastructures, solely based on scientific merit of their submitted proposals for beamtime requests, and this independently from the financial situation of the user (country), (iii) to facilitate open transnational access to European light sources through programmes of the European Union, (iv) to disseminate information about scientific opportunities and funding mechanisms for access to synchrotron and FEL facilities, and (v) to be a discussion and acting partner regarding the coordination of the synchrotron and FEL user activities within Europe. In the past few years, ESUO has contributed to several joint activities in the frame of successfully completed European FP7 projects such as ELISA (March 2009 - August 2011) and CALIPSO (June 2012 - May 2015). Some past ESUO activities concern, amongst others:  the user representation in e.g. the CALIPSO and BioStruct-X European projects by ESUO delegates;  the contribution to the CALIPSOplus project application;  the dissemination of ESUO activities by means of e.g. poster presentations and talks delivered at international conferences, specialized user meetings/workshops, and;  several initiatives which have been attended to promote transnational access activities [3] and to favor the continuation of transnational user access to national facilities in Europe within the new European Framework Program Horizon 2020 [4]. Today, chance is given to ESUO to keep constructively acting for the users in the frame of joint networking activities being part of the HORIZON 2020 project CALIPSOplus [5] (May 2017 – April 2021, Grant Agreement No 730872) coordinated by Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR). In the framework of CALIPSOplus, ESUO is contributing to project networking activities which are, amongst others, shown in the present contribution. With the aim to further prepare the future science at European synchrotron and FEL user facilities, ESUO is contributing to the League of European Accelerator-based Photon Sources (LEAPS) initiative [6].
Ključne besede: European synchrotron user organisation, Transnational access, FEL, CALIPSO
Objavljeno v RUNG: 01.10.2018; Ogledov: 3656; Prenosov: 0
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Building the shared dimension of the rural landscape: tools, principles and methods : An integrated approach to conservation and management of the rural landscape in Venice and its Lagoon
Caterina Groli, 2016, doktorska disertacija

Opis: This research investigates the rural landscape of the lagoon of Venice and its surrounding territory focusing on the forms of exploitation of its natural resources, the transformations that occurred throughout the course of history and the consequent formation of its primary economical sector. New economic sectors, new agricultural policies and other spatial and sectorial drivers transformed the primary sector itself which changed and adapted its productive schemes to the main economic patterns, heavily affecting the former rural asset of the landscape of the lagoon by changing its demographic, economic activities and land use practices. The study carries out a systematic and detailed analysis of all economic, cultural and social features that have interacted and impacted this specific landscape, relying mainly on the comparison of historical and current land-use maps through three different historical spans: 1823-1840 (pre-industrialization phase), 1933-1966 (industrializing process, considered as a determining factor of the transformation of this landscape) and 2013 (present post-industrialized condition). The maps, combined with relative data, are compared with the aid of the Geographical Information System (GIS) computer software. As a result, a set of new maps has been obtained, which point out the historical landscape permanencies, defined through in situ surveys on the territory. A multitude of other archival documents from direct and indirect sources have been examined in order to build up a sound and detailed socio-economic context and the overall historical background. Resources, goods and services provided by the rural landscape and its development are an important part of regional and EU policy instruments and also an essential factor of identity and growth for local communities. The consumption of resources, their availability and maintenance over time and accessibility through property regulations are all factors that shape the common and public dimension of the rural landscape, which represents another study challenge of this work. This study proposes the establishment of the rural park of the lagoon of Venice, through the implementation of the multi-functional role of agriculture, for the fulfilment of two fundamental conditions of the peri-urban rurality: the need of safeguarding the landscape and its significance, by preserving the authenticity and integrity of the rural characters and the dynamism of the primary sector, which is strictly related to the survival of the rural landscape.
Ključne besede: Rural landscape of the lagoon of Venice, UNESCO Management Plan 2012–2018, European Landscape Convention, Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), Italian Constitution, Cultural Heritage and Landscape Code, authenticity and integrity of the rural heritage, intangible heritage, landscape evaluation, land-use cartography, Geographical Information System (GIS), fish-farming, multifunctional agriculture, new rural community, common pool resources, public goods, club goods, property rights, rural park
Objavljeno v RUNG: 04.10.2016; Ogledov: 5732; Prenosov: 220
.pdf Celotno besedilo (21,33 MB)

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