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K-edge absorption spectra of isoelectronic gaseous hydrides: a combination of atomic and molecular channels
Alojz Kodre, Jana Padežnik Gomilšek, Robert Hauko, Iztok Arčon, Giuliana Aquilanti, 2018, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: The fine detail in the x-ray absorption spectra in the energy region of absorption edges provides the insight into the mechanism of inner-shell photoexcitation: in particular in spectra of free atoms or simple molecules, the simplest being gaseous hydrides [1-2]. Measured K edge absorption spectra of hydrides of 3p (PH3, H2S in HCl) and 4p (GeH4, AsH3, H2Se, HBr) elements, and published data of 2p hydrides (CH4, NH3, H2O, HF) as well as SiH4 [3-6] and the noble gases at the end of the isoelectronic series (Ne, Ar, Kr) are compared to the respective calculated spectra, obtained by atomic HF86, GRASP codes [7] and molecular DFT (Density functional theory) ORCA code [8]. For a clearer view of intraatomic processes, the weak and simple structural (XAFS) signal of the molecule is removed from the spectra. Among the spectral features below the continuum limit, those with the lowest energy belong to the transition of the core electron to the lowermost free orbitals with the molecular character. They are, as a rule, wider than the transitions to the higher orbitals with prevailing atomic character. The theoretical description with DFT code without specific adaptations is sufficient for a qualitative picture of the pre-edge structure. The fine structure immediately above the K edge stems from the coexcitation of valence electrons. We have proved that the coexcitations can be explained as a two-step process: the inner-shell photoeffect followed by the shake-up of a valence electron predominantly to a free atomic orbital. This process is markedly different from coexcitations of more tightly bound electrons [9]. In the collection of consecutive and homologous data, analyzed by a common procedure, the reaction channels can be identified with better precision and reliability than in analysis of individual spectra. Our analysis showed that the energies and probabilities of single-electron transitions into the molecular orbitals are strongly affected by the symmetry of the molecule, essentially in the same way in 3p and 4p homologues, but not in 2p homologues with a stronger influence of the core charge. In transitions to atomic orbitals the influence of the molecular field is negligible.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...of intraatomic processes, the weak and simple structural ( XAFS) signal of the molecule is removed from...
Keywords: hidridi, rentgenska spektroskopija, XAFS
Published: 12.09.2018; Views: 2597; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (63,16 KB)

Photoexcitation processes in atoms
Jana Padežnik Gomilšek, Iztok Arčon, Alojz Kodre, 2021, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: Photoelectric absorption is characterized by a smooth power-law decrease of the cross section with photon energy. Absorption edges reveal rich structure, which continues into the high-energy side. The quasiperiodic signal, superposed onto the smooth basis, due to scattering of the photoelectron on the neighbours of the target atom provides the basis for the structural (XAFS) analysis of the material. Irregular tiny resonances and edges that appear over the same general range as XAFS are recognized as intra-atomic effects: multielectron excitations (MEE) owing to correlated motion in the electronic cloud. The systematic study of MEE began on noble gases and metallic vapours, both of which are gases of free atoms. With some extremely strong MEE, mostly coexcitations of the subvalence d and f electrons, the structural XAFS analysis may be compromised; hence, there is a need to independently determine the MEE signal, the atomic absorption background (AAB) for the analyzed element, and remove it prior to analysis. In view of the scarcity of elements which can practically be prepared in a free-atom gas state, several approaches to approximate the AAB have been developed: analysis of disordered compounds, where the weak and simple XAFS signal can be modelled and removed, and correlation analysis of the absorption spectra of several independent samples, where the AAB is extracted in an iterative procedure.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...atom provides the basis for the structural ( XAFS) analysis of the material. Irregular tiny resonances and...
Keywords: photoexcitation, XAFS, multielectron excitations, atomic absorption background
Published: 15.12.2021; Views: 620; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (3,26 MB)

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