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Photoexcited charge mobility in quasi two-dimensional polyacetylene
Nadiia Pastukhova, Kejun Liu, Renhao Dong, Gvido Bratina, Xinliang Feng, Egon Pavlica, 2022, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Opis: Two-dimensional conjugated polymers (2DCPs) have been described and recognised as crystalline, one- to two-layer polymer nanosheets prepared by 2D covalent polymerization exhibiting strong in-plane π-electron delocalization with two orthogonal directions and weak out-of-plane π-π stacking.[1,2] The extension of polymer dimensionality into two dimensions improves the alignment of individual polymer sheets and overcomes the limitations associated with charge carrier hopping between polymer chains in one-dimensional and crosslinked polymers.[3] Compared to other two-dimensional materials such as graphene or transition metal dichalcogenides, 2DCPs offer a high degree of flexibility in chemical design and are compatible with liquid-based processing methods. Various 2DCPs have been synthesised by surfactant monolayer-assisted interfacial synthesis (SMAIS).[5] Of particular interest is the photoresponse of these materials due to their tunable properties, such as bandgap and associated wavelength-dependent photoexcitation, which enables a wide range of applications in optoelectronic devices. Using time-of-flight photoconductivity (TOF-PC) measurements [4], we investigate the charge transport properties of 2D polyacetylene prepared by SMAIS method. We preform TOF-PC measurement of 2D polyacetylene using a focused nanosecond pulse laser at 325 nm and electrode separation of 250 µm. From the bias polarity and time duration of the photocurrent, we can determine the polarity, velocity and mobility of photoexcited charge carriers as a function of applied bias voltage and excitation wavelength. Using excitation at 325 m, we observed an electron mobility in the range of 150 cm2 V-1 s-1, which is in the realm of most advances small-molecule single-crystal organic semiconductors and almost an order of magnitude higher than linear polymeric semiconductors.
Ključne besede: Two-dimensional conjugated polymers, 2DCPs, 2Dpolymers, charge mobility, time-of-flight photoconductivity
Objavljeno v RUNG: 29.11.2022; Ogledov: 347; Prenosov: 0
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Pulling polymers : models and experiment
Knarik Yeritsyan, 2021, druge monografije in druga zaključena dela

Ključne besede: polymers, DNA pulling, worm-like chain
Objavljeno v RUNG: 19.08.2021; Ogledov: 1043; Prenosov: 42
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Polymer-based nano-composites for thermal insulation
Alessandro Fraleoni-Morgera, Manisha Chhikara, 2019, pregledni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: nano-composites, polymers, thermal insulation
Objavljeno v RUNG: 13.07.2021; Ogledov: 1371; Prenosov: 0

Porous polycalix[n]arenes as environmental pollutant removers
Salma Abubakar, Tina Škorjanc, Dinesh Shetty, Ali Trabolsi, 2021, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: A new and innovative class of calixarene-based polymers emerged as adsorbents for a variety of compounds and ions in solution and vapor media. These materials take advantage of the modifiable rims and hydrophobic cavities of the calixarene monomers, in addition to the porous nature of the polymeric matrix. With main-chain calixarenes’ function as supramolecular hosts and the polymers’ high surface areas, polycalixarenes can effectively encapsulate target analytes. This feature is particularly useful for environmental remediation as dangerous and toxic molecules reversibly bind to the macrocyclic cavity, which facilitates their removal and enables repeated use of the polymeric sorbent. This Spotlight touches on the unique characteristics of the calixarene monomers and discusses the synthetic methods of our reported calixarene-based porous polymers, including Sonogashira–Hagihara coupling, and diazo and imine bond formation. It then discusses the promising applications of these materials in adsorbing dyes, micropollutants, iodine, mercury, paraquat, and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) from water. In most cases, these reports cover materials that outperform others in terms of recyclability, rates of adsorption, or uptake capacities of specific pollutants. Finally, this Spotlight addresses the current challenges and future aspects of utilizing porous polymers in pollution treatment.
Ključne besede: calixarene, polycalixarenes, porous polymers, pollutant removal, water purification
Objavljeno v RUNG: 09.04.2021; Ogledov: 1513; Prenosov: 0
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Pollutant removal with organic macrocycle-based covalent organic polymers and frameworks
Tina Škorjanc, Dinesh Shetty, Ali Trabolsi, 2021, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Air, water, and soil pollution devastate countless ecosystems and deteriorate human health. Adsorption has commonly been used as a pollutant removal technique, but ongoing materials science research is still searching for more efficient, cheaper, and scalable sorbent materials. Herein, we discuss the synthesis and pollutant-capturing abilities of covalent polymeric structures, including covalent organic polymers and covalent organic frameworks that contain organic macrocycles in the backbone of their structures. These organic macrocycles (cyclodextrin, calixarene, cucurbituril, pillararene, and porphyrin) possess cavities and functional groups that can sequester pollutants by forming supramolecular interactions. The insolubility of these materials prominently aids in their regeneration and recyclability potentials. Following a discussion on the synthetic strategies used in the polymerization of each type of macrocycle, environmental applications of these materials are presented. Here, we focus on the removal of micropollutants, charged species, metal ions, oils and organic solvents, perfluorinated substances, iodine, and volatile organic compounds.
Ključne besede: supramolecular interactions, host-guest chemistry, organic macrocycles, covalent polymers, covalent organic frameworks, environmental remediation, adsorption
Objavljeno v RUNG: 09.04.2021; Ogledov: 1394; Prenosov: 59
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