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Faceless machines: early recognition media and entangled bodies : lecture at the "Relatifs" lecture series, Kepler Salon, Johannes Kepler Universität Linz, Österreich, 16. 1. 2024
Eszter Polónyi, 2024, predavanje na tuji univerzi

Opis: Eszter Polonyis Vortrag behandelt frühe Systeme automatisierter Identitätserkennung. Einen Fokus bilden Experimente zur Stimmerkennung, wie sie in der Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts von US-amerikanische Telekommunikationsunternehmen unternommen wurden. Sie geht dabei auch den Verbindungen zur Arbeit mit „noise“ von Medienkünstler*innen nach, darunter Tony Conrad, John Cage und Kurt Kren.
Ključne besede: media studies, surveillance studies, art history, critical data studies, avant-garde and experimental art
Objavljeno v RUNG: 12.02.2024; Ogledov: 788; Prenosov: 4
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An archaeology of photographic identification : lecture at the Society for Cinema & Media Studies Conference, Denver, Colorado, 13. 4. 2023
Eszter Polónyi, 2023, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Opis: This project returns to an early moment in the history of photographic IDs to better understand the current entrapment of our identities within what are by now massive infrastructures of automatized, unregulated and largely unauthorized identity extraction.
Ključne besede: media studies, surveillance studies, history of art, history of visual culture, cultural studies
Objavljeno v RUNG: 12.02.2024; Ogledov: 817; Prenosov: 2
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The ‘Physiognomic Fallacy:’ An Archaeology of the Photographic Identity Document
Polonyi Eszter, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Opis: In an era of allegedly total surveillance (Goh, Galloway), possession of a biometric identity document can still result in being denied one’s identity or being mistaken for someone else. States have been outsourcing the processes of civic management and local governance to artificial intelligence corporations with increasing intensity since the pandemic despite awareness of systematic errors committed by facial recognition software, a “coded” bias (Kantayya, Buolamwini) that risks the further effacing an already marginalized population of non-white and non-gender conforming subjects. The project this paper is based on returns to the time it first became standard practice to validate state-issued ID documents using facial analysis in Europe of the 1920s and 1930s. While at this time images derived from human heads in photographic albums, personality tests and facial atlases purportedly aimed to record personality and character, they nonetheless often instructed their readers to locate these in parts of images that remain disconnected from the head, such as hands and feet, hair, clothing or in the subject’s immediate environment. Drawing on the concept of conjectural knowledge (Ginzburg), embodiment or tact (Balazs) and the optical unconscious (Benjamin), the project seeks to locate the “physiognomic fallacy” (Gray) in early attempts at humanizing machine vision.
Ključne besede: History of art, critical theory, surveillance studies
Objavljeno v RUNG: 13.01.2023; Ogledov: 1271; Prenosov: 0
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"Obstaja del vašega obraza, ki pripada državi" : Tehnologije nadzora se vse bolj osredotočajo na človeški obraz
2021, intervju

Opis: Covid-19 je na svetovni ravni okrepil državni nadzor, vse pogosteje moramo posegati po osebnih dokumentih, pri čemer je osrednji subjekt identifikacije postal človeški obraz – na katerem temeljijo tudi najnovejše tehnologije nadzora.
Ključne besede: surveillance studies, history of photography, art history
Objavljeno v RUNG: 31.05.2022; Ogledov: 1552; Prenosov: 21
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Mobility Media: an Archaeology of Identity Photography through Science, Art and Visual Culture
Eszter Polonyi, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Opis: n an era of total surveillance, being in possession of a biometric ID document can still result in denial of one’s basic civil protections and human rights. The discovery of systematic errors in state-implemented facial recognition programs—such as in recognizing faces of color (Joy Buolamwini)—suggests the failure of current practices of global intelligence and mobility. This paper offers an archaeological investigation of the contemporary photo ID document. Returning to its invention in the 1920s, it examines the issues of conjectural knowledge (Carl Ginzburg), embodiment or tact (Béla Balázs) and the optical unconscious (Walter Benjamin) behind early “physiognomic” media.
Ključne besede: history of photography, surveillance studies, digital humanities, art history
Objavljeno v RUNG: 31.05.2022; Ogledov: 1701; Prenosov: 0
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