Repozitorij Univerze v Novi Gorici

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Naslov:Changes in exhaled volatile organic compounds following indirect bronchial challenge in suspected asthma
Avtorji:ID Peel, Adam (Avtor)
ID Wang, Ran (Avtor)
ID Ahmed, Waqar (Avtor)
ID White, Iain R. (Avtor)
ID Wilkinson, Maxim (Avtor)
ID Loke, Yoon K. (Avtor)
ID Wilson, Andrew M. (Avtor)
ID Fowler, Stephen J. (Avtor)
Datoteke:URL https://thorax.bmj.com/content/early/2023/07/26/thorax-2022-219708
 
Jezik:Angleški jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Neznano
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:UNG - Univerza v Novi Gorici
Opis:Background Inhaled mannitol provokes bronchoconstriction via mediators released during osmotic degranulation of inflammatory cells, and, hence represents a useful diagnostic test for asthma and model for acute attacks. We hypothesised that the mannitol challenge would trigger changes in exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs), generating both candidate biomarkers and novel insights into their origin. Methods Participants with a clinical diagnosis of asthma, or undergoing investigation for suspected asthma, were recruited. Inhaled mannitol challenges were performed, followed by a sham challenge after 2 weeks in participants with bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR). VOCs were collected before and after challenges and analysed using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Results Forty-six patients (mean (SD) age 52 (16) years) completed a mannitol challenge, of which 16 (35%) were positive, and 15 of these completed a sham challenge. Quantities of 16 of 51 identified VOCs changed following mannitol challenge (p<0.05), of which 11 contributed to a multivariate sparse partial least square discriminative analysis model, with a classification error rate of 13.8%. Five of these 16 VOCs also changed (p<0.05) in quantity following the sham challenge, along with four further VOCs. In patients with BHR to mannitol distinct postchallenge VOC signatures were observed compared with post-sham challenge. Conclusion Inhalation of mannitol was associated with changes in breath VOCs, and in people with BHR resulted in a distinct exhaled breath profile when compared with a sham challenge. These differentially expressed VOCs are likely associated with acute airway inflammation and/or bronchoconstriction and merit further investigation as potential biomarkers in asthma.
Ključne besede:asthma, exhaled volatile organic compounds, pulmonology, breath metabolomics
Datum objave:01.01.2023
Leto izida:2023
Št. strani:str. 966-973
Številčenje:Vol. 78, issue 10
PID:20.500.12556/RUNG-8328-23e0f584-7283-f81d-4295-e80b6ccbddda Novo okno
COBISS.SI-ID:160141827 Novo okno
UDK:616.2
ISSN pri članku:0040-6376
DOI:10.1136/thorax-2022-219708 Novo okno
NUK URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:F1EGRT5C
Datum objave v RUNG:31.07.2023
Število ogledov:1020
Število prenosov:3
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Naslov:Thorax
Skrajšan naslov:Thorax
Založnik:British Medical Association
ISSN:0040-6376
COBISS.SI-ID:5412615 Novo okno

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