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Naslov:Time vs drought : leaf age rather than drought drives osmotic adjustment in V. vinifera cv. Pinot Noir
Avtorji:ID Farolfi, Elena (Avtor)
ID Reščič, Jan (Avtor)
Jezik:Angleški jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Neznano
Tipologija:1.12 - Objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci
Organizacija:UNG - Univerza v Novi Gorici
Opis:Global warming and increased frequency and/or severity of drought events are among the most threatening consequences of climate change for agricultural crops. In response to drought, grapevine (as many other plants) exhibits osmotic adjustment through active accumulation of osmolytes which in turn shift the leaf turgor loss point (TLP) to more negative values, allowing to maintain stomata opened at lower water potentials1. We investigated the capacity of Pinot noir leaves to modulate their osmotic potential as a function of: (i) time (seasonal osmoregulation), (ii) growing temperatures, and (iii) drought events, to enhance comprehension of the resilience of grapevines in drought conditions. We performed trails under semi-controlled field conditions, and in two different greenhouse chambers (20/15 °C vs 25/20 °C day/night). For two consecutive vegetative seasons, grafted potted grapevines (Pinot noir/SO4) were subjected to two different water regimes for at least 30 days: well-watered (WW) and water deficit (WD). Via pressure-volume (PV) curves and osmometer measurements we derived the leaf osmotic adjustment capability and TLP, while monitoring the plant gas exchange and water potential. Surprisingly, lower water potentials in WD vines throughout the season and in all situations (field and greenhouse) did not trigger osmoregulation, changes in TLP nor a modification of the modulus of elasticity. PV curves provided clear evidence that both temperature and water availability do not stimulate active osmotic adjustment in Vitis vinifera cv. Pinot Noir. Conversely, there is a clear impact of seasonal osmoregulation throughout the growing season2, decreasing the osmotic potential at full turgor by an average of 0.46 MPa in 90 days. Lack of osmotic adjustment in response to drought observed in this cultivar suggests Vitis genotypes have a broad spectrum of responses to drought and the strategy adopted to cope with it is highly dependent on the cultivar under analysis.
Ključne besede:grapevine, drought, osmotic adjustment, osmoregulation, turgor loss point
Leto izida:2023
Št. strani:1 str.
PID:20.500.12556/RUNG-8655-24dc0a12-df79-c232-ce7b-09d849f9d09d Novo okno
COBISS.SI-ID:173105155 Novo okno
Datum objave v RUNG:21.11.2023
Število ogledov:652
Število prenosov:1
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Naslov:Proceedings of the II International Congress on Grapevine and Wine Sciences (2ICGWS) : Logroño (Spain), from the 8th to the 10th of November, 2023
Kraj izida:[S. l.]
Založnik:ǂThe ǂInternational Viticulture and Enology Society
Leto izida:2023
COBISS.SI-ID:173100547 Novo okno