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11.
Unusual magnetodielectric effects in La2CuMnO6 induced by a dynamic crossover in dielectric relaxation at TC
Jasnamol Pezhumkattil Palakkal, Cheriyedath Raj Sankar, Ajeesh Parayancheri Paulose, Matjaž Valant, Artem V. Badasyan, Manoj Raama Varma, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: A series of fixed frequency dielectric measurements shows dielectric relaxation in La2CuMnO6, with a dynamic (Arrhenius to Arrhenius) crossover at TC. The external magnetic field alters the relaxation parameters in the vicinity of crossover and induces an unusual trend in the magnetodielectric coupling around TC. A large magnetodielectric coupling of 55% (at 68 K, 4 kHz) and 61% (at 105 K, 285.8 kHz) under a small magnetic field of 5 kOe is discovered. Presence of ferromagnetic short-range correlations above TC and a sign reversal of magnetoresistance around TC are observed. Specific heat analysis revealed the presence of ferromagnetic, variable range hopping active charge localized state. The presence of ferromagnetic short-range correlations and the influence of a core-grain dominated magnetoresistance on the Maxwell-Wagner interfacial polarization are responsible for the observed large magnetodielectric effect. Both the magnetic ordering and external magnetic field control the electric dipole relaxation in the material.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Double perovskite Griffiths-like phase Dielectric Magnetoresistance Magnetodielectric
Published: 03.01.2018; Views: 821; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,24 MB)

12.
Polymer Nanoparticle Sizes from Dynamic Light Scattering and Size Exclusion Chromatography: The Case Study of Polysilanes.
Matjaž Valant, Tim Bencik, Irena Kralj Cigić, Andraž Mavrič, Artem V. Badasyan, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) are among the most popular methods for determining polymer sizes in solution. Taking dendritic and network polysilanes as a group of least soluble polymer substances, we critically compare and discuss the difference between nanoparticle sizes, obtained by DLS and SEC. Polymer nanoparticles are typically in poor solution conditions below the theta point and are in globular conformation therefore. Determination of particle sizes in presence of attractive interactions is not a trivial task. The only possibility to measure aggregation-free, a true molecular size of polymer nanoparticles in such regime of solution, is to operate with the dilute solution of globules (below theta point and above the miscibility line). Basing on results of our polysilane measurements, we come to a conclusion that DLS provides more reliable results than SEC for the dilute solution of globules. General implications for the size measurements of polymer nanoparticles in solutions are discussed.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Polymer Nanoparticle, Dynamic Light Scattering, Size Exclusion Chromatography, Polysilanes
Published: 16.05.2018; Views: 1009; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (3,17 MB)

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New method to process Circular Dichroism experimental data on heat and cold denaturation of polypeptides in water
Artem V. Badasyan, Matjaž Valant, 2018, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: During the past decade the experimental studies of biopolymer conformations have reached an unprecedented level of detailization and allow to study single molecules in vivo [1]. Processing of experimental data essentially relies on theoretical approaches to conformational transitions in biopolymers [2]. However, the models that are currently used, originate from the early 1960's and contain several unjustified assumptions, widely accepted at that time. Thus, the view on the conformational transitions in the polypeptides as a two-state process has very limited applicability because the all-or-none transition mechanism takes place only in short polypeptides with sizes comparable to the spatial correlation length; the original formulation of Zimm-Bragg model is phenomenological and does not allow for a microscopic model for water; the implicit consideration of the water-polypeptide interactions through the ansatz about the quadratic dependence of free energy difference on temperature can only be justified through the assumption of an ideal gas with a constant heat capacity. To get rid of these deficiencies, we augment the Hamiltonian formulation [3] of the Zimm-Bragg model [4] with the term describing the water-polypeptide interactions [5]. The analytical solution of the model results in a formula, ready to be fit to Circular Dichroism (CD) data for both heat and cold denaturation. On the example of several sets of experimental data we show, that our formula results in a significantly better fit, as compared to the existing approaches. Moreover, the application of our procedure allows to compare the strengths of inter- and intra-molecular H-bonds, an information, inaccessible before. References [1] I. König, A. Zarrine-Afsar, M. Aznauryan, A. Soranno, B. Wunderlich, F. Dingfelder, J. C. Stüber, A. Plückthun, D. Nettels, B. Schuler, (2015), Single-molecule spectroscopy of protein conformational dynamics in live eukaryotic cells/Nature Methods, 12, 773-779. [2] J. Seelig, H.-J. Schönfeld, (2016), Thermal protein unfolding by differential scanning calorimetry and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Two-state model versus sequential unfolding/Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics, 49, e9, 1-24. [3] A.V. Badasyan, A. Giacometti, Y. Sh. Mamasakhlisov, V. F. Morozov, A. S. Benight, (2010), Microscopic formulation of the Zimm-Bragg model for the helix-coil transition/Physical Review E, 81, 021921. [4] B. H. Zimm, J. K. Bragg, (1959), Theory of the Phase Transition between Helix and Random Coil in Polypeptide Chains/Journal of Chemical Physics, 31, 526. [5] A. Badasyan, Sh.A. Tonoyan, A. Giacometti, R. Podgornik, V.A. Parsegian, Y.Sh. Mamasakhlisov, V.F. Morozov, (2014), Unified description of solvent effects in the helix-coil transition/Physical Review E, 89, 022723. Corresponding author: Artem Badasyan (artem.badasyan@ung.si)
Found in: osebi
Summary of found: ...helix-coil transition/Physical Review E, 89, 022723. Corresponding author: Artem Badasyan (artem.badasyan@ung.si)... ...Reviews of Biophysics, 49, e9, 1-24. [3] A.V. Badasyan, A. Giacometti, Y. Sh. Mamasakhlisov, V. F....
Keywords: Biopolymers, Circular Dichroism, Zimm-Bragg model, helix-coil transition.
Published: 22.10.2018; Views: 484; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (83,24 KB)

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