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11 - 20 / 20
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11.
Do bilinguals and musicians have better ears?
Artur Stepanov, invited lecture at foreign university

Found in: osebi
Keywords: bilingualism, music, perception, discrimination task, syntax
Published: 16.04.2018; Views: 1178; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (493,93 KB)

12.
Usvajanje načela maksimiziranja predpostavke v kontekstu slovenskih glagolov 'misliti' in 'vedeti'
Manca Mušič, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: Magistrsko delo se osredotoča na pragmatično načelo maksimiziranja predpostavke (Maximize Presupposition). Uporabljeni so bili rezultati eksperimentalne študije, ki je vključevala slovenska glagola misliti in vedeti. Glavni cilj raziskave je bil preveriti, pri kateri starosti je možno pri otrocih zaslediti poznavanje načela maksimiziranja predpostavke, njihovo zmožnost izračuna sklepov, ki jih načelo sproži, in izbire optimalne alternative. V eksperimentu sta sodelovali skupini otrok v starosti 5 in 7 let. Uporabljena metodologija in gradivo sta temeljila na referenčni študiji Stateve in drugih (2017), ki je proučevala vlogo dvojezičnosti na usvajanje načela. Rezultati magistrskega dela napeljujejo na obstoj razvojne osi usvajanja načela pred sedmim letom ter odpirajo vprašanja glede usvajanja faktivnega glagola vedeti pri petih letih.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: pragmatika, jezikoslovje, usvajanje jezika, psiholingvistika, slovenščina
Published: 27.09.2018; Views: 1262; Downloads: 74
.pdf Fulltext (1,25 MB)

13.
ТЕОРЕТИЧНИ И ПСИХОЛИНГВИСТИЧНИ АСПЕКТИ НА БРОЙНАТА ФОРМА В БЪЛГАРСКИЯ ЕЗИК
Penka Stateva, Petya Barkalova, Artur Stepanov, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: Статията съдържа преглед на произхода и употребата на бройната форма на съществителните в българския език. Представят се резултатите от експериментално проучване, включващо 49 участници, за които българският език е роден. То изследва ролята на структурната дистанция между съгласуващите се категории в рамките на именните конституенти, съдържащи числително. Разработката е продължение на изследователската програма на Статева и Степанов (Stateva, Stepanov 2016), включваща корпусно изследване, в което се твърди, че структурното, а не линейното разстояние влияе върху съотношението на грешките при употребата на бройната форма. Въпреки че корпусното изследване установи като ясна отличителна черта ролята на структурното разстояние, текущият психолингвистичен експеримент не повтаря тези резултати. Предлагаме обяснение на резултатите, което взема предвид изчислителна сложност, натоварването на работната памет и образователния статус на участниците.
Found in: osebi
Summary of found: ...на изследователската програма на Статева и Степанов (Stateva, Stepanov 2016), включваща корпусно изследване, в което...
Keywords: бройна форма, грешки в съгласуването, предписваща и описваща граматика
Published: 03.01.2019; Views: 814; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (496,42 KB)

14.
15.
Anomaly detection in processing of complex syntax by early L2 learners
Artur Stepanov, Sara Andreetta, Penka Stateva, Adam Zawiszewski, Itziar Laka, 35, original scientific article

Abstract: This study investigates the processing of long-distance syntactic dependencies by native speakers of Slovenian (L1) who are advanced learners of Italian as a second language (L2), compared with monolingual Italian speakers. Using a self-paced reading task, we compare sensitivity of the early-acquired L2 learners to syntactic anomalies in their L2 in two empirical domains: (1) syntactic islands, for which the learners’ L1 and L2 grammars provide a converging characterization, and (2) verb–clitic constructions, for which the respective L1 and L2 grammatical descriptions diverge. We find that although our L2 learners show native-like processing patterns in the former, converging, grammatical domain, they may nevertheless perform non-native-like with respect to syntactic phenomena in which the L1 and L2 grammars do not align, despite the early age of L2 acquisition. Implications for theories of L2 acquisition and endstate are discussed.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: bilingualism, clitic, Italian, sentence processing, Slovenian, syntactic island
Published: 21.02.2019; Views: 937; Downloads: 37
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16.
Structuring linguistic noise
Artur Stepanov, invited lecture at foreign university

Abstract: How do young children acquiring their native language master complex abstract properties of adult sentences, more specifically, their syntactic structure? A good portion of recent research in child language acquisition is devoted to the nature of 'segmentation' strategies allowing children to deduce some of these abstract structural properties from the linguistic input they are exposed to, and the role of linguistic (e.g. prosodic), cognitive (e.g. working memory, probabilistic) and experience (e.g. bilingualism, music training) factors that affect the segmentation task. In this talk I give a broad outline of this research agenda including our own work and reflect on promising new directions that emerge in this domain.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: segmentation, prosody, child language
Published: 28.06.2019; Views: 691; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (29,30 KB)

17.
Dileme pri usvajanju pomožnih glagolov v italijanščini s strani slovenskih govorcev
Lionella Costantini, 2019, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Tema diplomske naloge so pomožni glagoli v italijanščini in v slovenščini, izvedena je bila eksperimentalna študija. Glavni cilj raziskave je bil pojasniti, ali imajo Slovenci dileme z izbiro pomožnih glagolov v italijanščini glede na to, da sta v italijanščini dva t.j. essere in avere, v slovenščini pa le eden, t.j. glagol biti. Kot izhodišče sem uporabila študijo Antonelle Sorace (1992). Za raziskavo je bila uporabljena metodologija vprašalnika z likertovo lestvico. S c-testom pa sem ugotovila nivo znanja italijanskih in slovenskih učencev iz srednjih šol. Analiza pridobljenih rezultatov je pokazala, da drži, kar smo predvidevali. Govorci slovenščine raje izberejo stavke s pomožnim glagolom essere, ker ga v slovenščini poznajo. Glagol avere pa uporabljajo manj, ker ga slovenščina nima.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Pomožni glagoli v italijanščini, pomožni glagoli v slovenščini, jezikovni prenos, c-test, Likertova lestvica, usvajanje drugega jezika
Published: 05.12.2019; Views: 707; Downloads: 36
.pdf Fulltext (1,49 MB)

18.
When a Wh-Word Refuses to Stay in Situ
Ali Al Moussaoui, Artur Stepanov, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Richards (2010, 2016) suggests that a language’s choice between the wh-movement option and the wh-in-situ option is made on the basis of language-specific prosodic properties that determine whether or not a prosodic wh-domain containing both the interrogative C and the wh-phrase can be established. A wh-domain in this sense roughly corresponds to a piece of prosodic structure in which these two key elements are separated by as few prosodic boundaries as possible, ideally zero. Prosodic boundaries demarcate structural units of the sentence, known as Minor or Intermediate Phrases that may trivially or nontrivially correspond to syntactic constituents.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: prosodic domain, Minor Phrase, wh-in-situ, wh-movement, Lebanese Arabic, French, Italian
Published: 01.04.2020; Views: 308; Downloads: 16
.pdf Fulltext (639,70 KB)

19.
Temeljni projekt RECLING: Rekurzija in hierarhija kot temeljna načela človekovega jezikovnega znanja
Artur Stepanov, final research report

Found in: osebi
Keywords: rekurzija, skladnja, eksperimentalno jezikoslovje
Published: 12.05.2020; Views: 251; Downloads: 11
.pdf Fulltext (655,95 KB)

20.
How good a cue is a resumptive pronoun? Processing relative clauses in Slovenian
Matic Pavlič, Artur Stepanov, 2020, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: We explore the time course of processing Slovenian subject and object relative clauses (SRC and ORC, respectively) and the role of resumptive pronouns (RP). Participants (adult native speakers of Slovenian, Exp1: N=37; Exp2: N=33, Exp3: N=35) read the sentences in the self-paced mode, followed by a comprehension question after each sentence. In Exp.1 we ask whether the basic SRC/ORC processing asymmetry obtains in Slovenian, despite the presence of an RP. Results: The RC verb was read longer in ORCs compared to SRCs, and postverbal NPs were read longer than preverbal NPs (Figure 1). Both observations are likely to reflect integration effects, suggesting that the presence of RP does not cancel the stand-ard SRC/ORC processing asymmetry. In Exp. 2, we ask whether this asymmetry depends on the structural position of the RC within the sentence. We manipulated RC type and structural position (center-embedded, right-peripheral), across four conditions. Results: similarly to Exp.1, a SRC/ORC asymmetry was observed at the RC verb as well as between the postverbal vs. preverbal NPs, independently of the structural position of RC. The main clause predicate was read slower in sentences with center-embedded RCs compared to those with right-peripheral RCs, in accordance of predictions of metric-based theories of integration cost. Questions following ORCs took somewhat longer to answer than those following SRCs. At the same time, all RCs were read slower in the right-peripheral position than in the center-embedded position, and questions following right-peripheral RCs were answered significantly less accurately than those following center-embedded RCs. We attribute the greater complexity associated with the right-peripheral position to availability of a competitive parse based on a pseudo-relative structures. In Exp.3, we investigate how the feature structure of an RC head and its corresponding RP may affect retrieval of the RC head with the ORC subject as a featural intervenor. Design: by crossing values for number (sg., pl.) and gender (masc.,fem.) between the RC head, RP and the ORC subject we created a continuum of feature matching across four conditions. Results: the integration effect at the RC verb was significantly greater in the conditions with non-matching gender, but not those with non-matching number, suggesting that an RP does not cancel the intervention effect caused by featural similarity, while supporting the conjecture that different patterns of processing nominal features may correlate with their grammatical status (e.g. semantic vs. morphological).
Found in: osebi
Keywords: relative clause, Slovenian, resumptive pronoun, self-paced reading, structural complexity, psycholinguistics
Published: 02.09.2020; Views: 73; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (182,37 KB)

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