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1.
Building the shared dimension of the rural landscape: tools, principles and methods
Caterina Groli, 2016, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: This research investigates the rural landscape of the lagoon of Venice and its surrounding territory focusing on the forms of exploitation of its natural resources, the transformations that occurred throughout the course of history and the consequent formation of its primary economical sector. New economic sectors, new agricultural policies and other spatial and sectorial drivers transformed the primary sector itself which changed and adapted its productive schemes to the main economic patterns, heavily affecting the former rural asset of the landscape of the lagoon by changing its demographic, economic activities and land use practices. The study carries out a systematic and detailed analysis of all economic, cultural and social features that have interacted and impacted this specific landscape, relying mainly on the comparison of historical and current land-use maps through three different historical spans: 1823-1840 (pre-industrialization phase), 1933-1966 (industrializing process, considered as a determining factor of the transformation of this landscape) and 2013 (present post-industrialized condition). The maps, combined with relative data, are compared with the aid of the Geographical Information System (GIS) computer software. As a result, a set of new maps has been obtained, which point out the historical landscape permanencies, defined through in situ surveys on the territory. A multitude of other archival documents from direct and indirect sources have been examined in order to build up a sound and detailed socio-economic context and the overall historical background. Resources, goods and services provided by the rural landscape and its development are an important part of regional and EU policy instruments and also an essential factor of identity and growth for local communities. The consumption of resources, their availability and maintenance over time and accessibility through property regulations are all factors that shape the common and public dimension of the rural landscape, which represents another study challenge of this work. This study proposes the establishment of the rural park of the lagoon of Venice, through the implementation of the multi-functional role of agriculture, for the fulfilment of two fundamental conditions of the peri-urban rurality: the need of safeguarding the landscape and its significance, by preserving the authenticity and integrity of the rural characters and the dynamism of the primary sector, which is strictly related to the survival of the rural landscape.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Rural landscape of the lagoon of Venice, UNESCO Management Plan 2012–2018, European Landscape Convention, Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), Italian Constitution, Cultural Heritage and Landscape Code, authenticity and integrity of the rural heritage, intangible heritage, landscape evaluation, land-use cartography, Geographical Information System (GIS), fish-farming, multifunctional agriculture, new rural community, common pool resources, public goods, club goods, property rights, rural park
Published: 04.10.2016; Views: 1723; Downloads: 39
.pdf Fulltext (21,33 MB)

2.
RE-CONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE CONSERVATION THEORY FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE
Usman Ali, 2017, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: ver the last few decades, the concept of “authenticity” has commonly been used as a criterion for heritage conservation and management in various regions around the world. In 1994, ICOMOS adopted the Nara document on Authenticity as an international recommendation to draw the attention of policy and decision makers on the values of cultural heritage, stressing on interdisciplinary of approaches. Interdisciplinary research of heritage studies includes analysis and evaluation methods to redefine the theories and methodologies of heritage preservation and management in different contexts. But, when dealing with Archaeological Heritage Management, various difficulties emerge in the adoption of prescribed criteria for heritage conservation and management. The aim of this research is to examine and evaluate the compatibility and potential adaptation of these significant criteria from the Heritage International practice (I.e. UNESCO), including the spheres of law and philosophy, in the Management of Archaeological Heritage. Consequently, this dissertation is articulating according to the following concepts: 1. UNESCO already prescribed parameters and criteria of conservation and management of cultural heritage, but their full applicability on Archaeological Heritage Management should be verified; 2. The level of similarities and differences between Cultural and Archaeological Heritage in the conservation and management process should be discussed to highlight potential new research channels; 3. Is the adoption of the concept of Authenticity as a criterion, prescribed in UNESCO Operational Guideline, compatible enough to be applied to the Management of Archaeological Heritage or not? 4. Archaeological practice as a source of information provides various data and parameters. Are these attributions determining the management? This dissertation concludes that thematic divisions of heritage studies foster and formulate various models and concepts (implicitly and explicitly), which determine many substantial criteria and integrated factors for the sustainability of archaeological heritage. These criteria and factors give 7 importance to the common theoretical and methodological research in archaeological heritage conservation theory and practice.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: World Heritage Studies, Archaeological Heritage Management, Authenticity, Heritage Conservation, Archaeological Theories, Heritage International Doctrine.
Published: 22.06.2017; Views: 1521; Downloads: 135
.pdf Fulltext (2,37 MB)

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HAS EVOLUTION BEEN INTERRUPTED IN THE AFRICAN OIKOS?
Tokunbo Laotan-Brown, 2019, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: In essence, a qualitative study revealing what the inhabitants reflect as a deep and personal relationship with and within the region, which contributes significantly to their sense of emotional security and self identity. This includes a strong conservation-orientated attitude with regard to the natural rural character of a clan, tribe or unbounded region using linguistic families, especially in the inner core. It acknowledges the journey though time of the dwellers, changes in requirements in a natural way. The principle behind this thesis is to identify the regional, cultural and environmental demands of where and how a fractal spatial function can be observed as well as how a community can be organised to maintain and preserve its culture in a natural way. Thus, responding to specific characteristics of the local environment and climatic conditions. This lifelong interaction between the cognitive and physical realms has existed overtime. During the evolution of values inhabitants adapted form and materials to the conditions of nature; working with natural forms and climatic cycles rather than considering forces as obstacles to overcome has hermeneutic and practical values; used by intentional makers. The cultural identity in the inhabitant made the home, and then the process of home-making ‘made’ the inhabitant; a reciprocal reward. This will include their connection to the culture, region and environment while proposing a self-organizational solution. The future of conserving African tangible and intangible values, need to take lessons from the past into the future through present resolutions while documenting what maybe an interrupted progression. To achieve the above, I modified an approach using cultural fractal organizational approach as a basis for defining; 1) The structure of research framework using computer simulations and thus establishing linkages between space, region and communal activities. 2) Using African linguistic families (Niger-Congo: Yoruba), as a distinct way of documenting within the context of co-existing social and discursive practices. 3) By generating a background in ethnographic and sensory archaeological data on Yoruba regional cities, focusing on the fractal structure of settlements in relation to the social activities that take place in and around them.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Fractals, Self Similarity, Conservation, Self Organizational Approach, Cultural Heritage, Spatial Patterns, IFA, Oikos, Cultural Landscapes, Yoruba Cities, Circularity.
Published: 18.01.2019; Views: 464; Downloads: 23
.pdf Fulltext (24,92 MB)

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