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11.
Understanding fraudulent activities through m-commerce transactions
Saibal K. Pal, Rajan Gupta, Sunil K. Muttoo, 2016, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: Technology changes its facet quicker than anything else. Every few years there is a revolution that changes the way we perceive technology and the way it impacts our lives. Mobile commerce industry has been swiftly bringing about an alteration in how we access the wireless network and marks a shift from personal computers to mobile devices. This chapter gives an outline of mobile commerce and will discuss about the various frauds prevalent on the internet and on mobiles specifically, and ways in which it can be curbed. The purpose of this chapter will be to make readers aware of the different types of fraudulent activities that can occur due to m-commerce transactions and their possible solutions will be elaborated at the end. The work will be beneficial for the students as well as researchers to form a basic background about m-commerce, various risks associated with it and their possible solutions.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: mobile commerce, attacks, frauds, digital hacking
Published: 31.03.2021; Views: 530; Downloads: 17
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12.
A comprehensive review of approaches used for solving tele-centre location allocation problem in geographical plane
Saibal K. Pal, Rajan Gupta, Sunil K. Muttoo, 2021, review article

Abstract: Setup of tele-centre is the worldwide approach for the establishment of information and communication technology infrastructure in rural areas for the overall development of a country. It is a key resource under e-governance plan in any country, but a major problem with their location allocation is the sustainability. Tele-centre establishment require a suitable location to increase the beneficial effect to service seekers. In this research, multi-faceted problems faced by tele-centres are highlighted. This paper presents a comprehensive study on tele-centre’s location allocation problem and all the recent development in multi-facility location problem research area through more than 150 research papers from high ranked peer-reviewed journals. The research survey examines all the important parameters for the facility location problem and an objective function is also formulated for the same. Based on the survey literature, it is found that the new allocation methods based on meta-heuristic algorithms are emerging. This study would be a useful contribution in the field of location science, tele-centre location allocation and application of meta-heuristic algorithms in e-governance.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: tele-centres, location allocation, common service centres, rural kiosks, meta-heuristic algorithms, e-governance, geographical plane
Published: 01.04.2021; Views: 423; Downloads: 17
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13.
Web mining and analytics for improving e-government services in India
Saibal K. Pal, Rajan Gupta, Sunil K. Muttoo, 2017, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: The ever increasing technology usage and the globalization have given rise to the need of quick, accurate and smarter handling of information by organizations, states, nations and the entire globe. For every nation to be under any form of government, it became mandatory to have shorter turnaround time for their interactions with citizens. This pressure gave rise to the concept of e-Governance. It has been implemented by various nations and even UN reported an increase in E-Governance activities around the world. However, the major problems that need to be addressed by developing nations are digital divide and lack of e-Infrastructure. India started its e-Governance plan through a proposal in 2006 with establishment of National e-Governance Plan popularly known as NeGP headed by Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India. As per the Electronic Transaction and Aggregation Layer, millions of transactions are taking place on regular basis. Within 2015 itself, over 2 billion transactions have been carried out by the Indian citizens in various categories and sectors like agriculture, health, and the likes. For central government projects alone, around 980 million electronic transactions have taken place, while for state government projects, the combined total of all the states is close to 1.2 billion. With the kind of data getting generated through e-Governance initiative in India, it will open up lot of opportunities for data analysts & mining experts to explore this data and generate insights out of them. The aim of this chapter is to introduce various areas and sectors in India where analytics can be applied for e-Governance related entities like citizens, corporate and government departments. It will be useful for researchers, academicians and students to understand various areas in E-Governance where web mining and data analysis can be applied. The theoretical background has been supported by practical case study for better understanding of the concepts of web analysis and mining in the area of E-Governance.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: web mining, data mining, e-governance, analytics, data science, public sector
Published: 01.04.2021; Views: 487; Downloads: 18
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14.
Impact of make-in-India campaign on foreign investors towards FDI in India
Saibal K. Pal, Rajan Gupta, Saibal K. Pal, 2016, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: Make in India is not just an arousing call for investors, to contribute their serving into the developing economy of India, but a pledge to stimulate the development of manufacturing sector of the country. The major aim of this paper is to discover the determining factors of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), persuading investors to come and investment in India. This paper deals with primary aspects of Make in India campaign and Foreign Direct Investment. In this study, the dependent variable is Foreign Direct Investment and Independent variables are the determinants impacting FDI (market size, GDP, openness of the economy, labor cost and productivity, tax policies, infrastructure, foreign exchange rate, political stability and government regulations). According to the results, this study reveals the positive impact of Make in India campaign and variables impacting FDI for enhancing the domestic wealth of the nation and upholding the pace of progression and advancement. It will be useful for various stakeholders to understand the viewpoints of various investors from different countries looking forward to invest in India.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: make in India, foreign direct investment, Indian economy, foreign investors
Published: 05.04.2021; Views: 509; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (11,52 MB)
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15.
Branding strategies for real estate companies in Delhi-NCR
Saibal K. Pal, Rajan Gupta, Saibal K. Pal, 2012, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: Real estate is one of the fastest growing industries in India mainly due to rising population and income, movement of people to larger cities & towns and increasing demand-supply gap. Many Indian and foreign companies have started investing heavily in this sector as bright prospects can be witnessed in metro and big cities as well as smaller towns in India. Major players like DLF, Unitech, Ansals, Omaxe and Parsavnath Developers have shown good turnover in recent times and many others are in the process of establishing themselves in this business. With New Delhi being the national capital of India, this region provides variety of opportunities to people from different parts of the country. Properties ranging from one bedroom residential flats to lavish bungalows and from small shops and offices to large commercial spaces and business centers are all in demand. The number of real estate and construction companies in this region has also increased drastically, thereby increasing competition amongst them. Different companies have started adopting unique and innovative marketing strategies for attracting different categories of customers in this region. This paper first analyzes existing marketing strategies that are adopted by popular real estate firms for addressing different customer segments and then suggests newer ones to attract business from investors and buyers in the Delhi - National Capital Region (NCR) for residential purpose. Secondary information from various sources was used and primary information was collected by interacting with real estate developers and different categories of customers. Innovative applications of Information Technology in this industry are also portrayed in this paper.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: real estate, brand differentiation, marketing strategy, consumer behaviour
Published: 05.04.2021; Views: 512; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (10,95 MB)
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16.
Effective inclusion of citizens through e-governance services
Saibal K. Pal, Rajan Gupta, 2020, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: Traditional Government of any country does not include citizens as a part of the system leading to low trust levels. To eradicate this practice, E-Governance has been introduced which helps in efficient and transparent functioning of the government. The transformation from traditional governance to E-Governance is important and has been studied in the paper through the Case of Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) in India. Before the implementation of DBT, India was suffering from malpractices like delay in funds transfer, pilferage practices in government departments, act of corruption by government officials, fake identity of users claiming the amount, and mental/physical harassment to the citizens, for the various types of funds transfer and social welfare schemes. But after effective roll out of DBT, there was a reduction of approximately USD 20 Billion reported on fake accounts in seven years cumulatively across multiple schemes in India. This has led to a good economic growth of the country and has also improved the trust level of citizens on the government of India. It has also led to increase in enrolment of girl child in schools or higher education, reduction of grievances of pensioners, and reduction of false claims. Other nations can learn from this case of effective inclusion of citizens.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: direct benefit transfer, e-governance, India, social welfare schemes, fraud accounts, money leakage, fake profile
Published: 02.04.2021; Views: 423; Downloads: 17
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17.
E-governance in India
Saibal K. Pal, Sunil K. Muttoo, Rajan Gupta, scientific monograph

Abstract: This book on E-Governance in India has got three major things on offer—introduction to E-Governance, status of E-Governance in India through various measures, and finally the progress of E-Governance initiatives in India through various case studies.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: e-governance, India, public sector, development assessment index, United Nations
Published: 01.04.2021; Views: 425; Downloads: 2
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18.
Design and analysis of new shuffle encryption schemes for multimedia
Rajan Gupta, Ankur Aggarwal, Saibal K. Pal, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: Securing the contents of visual data and multimedia requires specific design consideration for use in different applications. The major issue with this type of data has been occurrence of redundancy, at various places particularly in images, which makes data values repetitive at several places. The focus of this paper is on design of new shuffling schemes that can efficiently destroy redundancy in the visual data ensuring its secured transmission and distribution over public networks. Different variants of these shuffling schemes will be used as pre-processing schemes on multimedia data values especially in light weight devices using images. Standard as well as chaotic permutation and substitution schemes together with S-box rotation have been used to shuffle and map the plain data into random uncorrelated values via various variants of the presented schemes. For further improving the security, the processed data is encrypted using a computationally fast algorithm in its normal mode of operation. Security analysis using different types of images show that the proposed schemes satisfy the parameters required for securing visual contents even with very high redundancy.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: multimedia security, shuffle, S-box, chaotic encryption, security analysis
Published: 01.04.2021; Views: 451; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,06 MB)

19.
Machine learning models for government to predict COVID-19 outbreak
Poonam Chaudhary, Saibal K. Pal, Rajan Gupta, Gaurav Pandey, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a major threat to the whole world. Analysis of this disease requires major attention by the government in all countries to take necessary steps in reducing the effect of this global pandemic. In this study, outbreak of this disease has been analysed and trained for Indian region till 10th May, 2020, and testing has been done for the number of cases for the next three weeks. Machine learning models such as SEIR model and Regression model have been used for predictions based on the data collected from the official portal of the Government of India in the time period of 30th January, 2020, to 10th May, 2020. The performance of the models was evaluated using RMSLE and achieved 1.52 for SEIR model and 1.75 for the regression model. The RMSLE error rate between SEIR model and Regression model was found to be 2.01. Also, the value of R0, which is the spread of the disease, was calculated to be 2.84. Expected cases are predicted around 175K--200K in the three-week time period of test data, which is very close to the actual numbers. This study will help the government and doctors in preparing their plans for the future.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: COVID-19, India, spread exposed infected recovered model, regression model, machine learning, predictions, forecasting
Published: 01.04.2021; Views: 485; Downloads: 11
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20.
BAT algorithm for improving fuzzy C-means clustering for location allocation of rural kiosks in developing countries under e-governance
Saibal K. Pal, Rajan Gupta, Sunil K. Muttoo, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Rural Kiosks are important infrastructural pillar in rural regions for internet and basic technology facility all around the world. They are also known as Tele-centers or Common Service Centers and are majorly used by government to promote Electronic Governance. The major characteristic of setting up of Rural Kiosk is their appropriate location so that people from rural region can avail the services at minimum travel cost and time. There are lot of traditional schemes used by researchers in past for location allocation but this paper proposes the usage of Fuzzy C-Means clustering and BAT algorithm to optimize the location of Rural Kiosk. The meta-heuristic approach has produced better results as compared to normal graph theories in past. The experiment has been conducted on a random data set of 72 village locations from India and their clusters are formed. It is found that using only Fuzzy C-Means clustering to allocate the center and by using it in combination with BAT algorithm produced up to 25% of efficient results. This can drastically help the key stakeholders in allocation of these Rural Kiosks at right places so as to maximize their utility.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: BAT algorithm, location allocation, rural kiosks, fuzzy C-means, e-governance, tele-centers, common service centers
Published: 01.04.2021; Views: 462; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (517,82 KB)

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