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* old and bolonia study programme


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Ultra-Fast-VUV Photoemission Study of UV Excited 2-Nitrophenol
Petra Rudolf, Luca Poletto, Fabio Frassetto, Paolo Miotti, Antti Kivimak̈i, Monica de Simone, Cesare Grazioli, Barbara Ressel, Giovanni De Ninno, C. Spezzani, Carlo Callegari, Marcello Coreno, A. Ciavardini, Simona Fornarini, Marco Pezzella, Enrico Bodo, Susanna Piccirillo, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: The initial deactivation pathways of gaseous 2-nitrophenol excited at 268 nm were investigated by time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (TRPES) with femtosecond-VUV light, produced by a monochromatized high harmonic generation source. TRPES allowed us to obtain new, valuable experimental information about the ultrafast excited-state dynamics of 2-nitrophenol in the gas phase. In accord with recent ab initio on-the-fly nonadiabatic molecular dynamic simulations, our results validate the occurrence of an ultrafast intersystem crossing leading to an intermediate state that decays on a subpicosecond time scale with a branched mechanisms. Two decay pathways are experimentally observed. One probably involves proton transfer, leading to the most stable triplet aci-form of 2-nitrophenol; the second pathway may involve OH rotation. We propose that following intersystem crossing, an ultrafast fragmentation channel leading to OH or HONO loss could also be operative.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Ultrafast photoemission, nitrophenol
Published: 12.02.2019; Views: 2444; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,81 MB)

Dissecting Mott and charge-density wave dynamics in the photoinduced phase of 1T-TaS[sub]2
Alberto Simoncig, Matija Stupar, Barbara Ressel, Tanusree Saha, Primož Rebernik Ribič, Giovanni De Ninno, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: The two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenide 1T−TaS2 is a complex material standing out for its puzzling low temperature phase marked by signatures amenable to both Mott-insulating and charge-density wave states. Electronic Mott states, coupled to a lattice, respond to coherent optical excitations via a modulation of the lower (valence) Hubbard band. Such dynamics is driven by strong electron-phonon coupling and typically lasts for tens of picoseconds, mimicking coherent structural distortions. Instead, the response occurring at the much faster timescale, mainly dominated by electronic many-body effects, is still a matter of intense research. By performing time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we investigated the photoinduced phase of 1T−TaS2 and found out that its lower Hubbard band promptly reacts to coherent optical excitations by shifting its binding energy towards a slightly larger value. This process lasts for a time comparable to the optical pump pulse length, mirroring a transient change of the onsite Coulomb repulsion energy (U). Such an observation suggests that the correction to the bare value of U, ascribed to the phonon-mediated screening which slightly opposes the Hubbard repulsion, is lost within an interval of a few tens of femtoseconds and can be understood as a fingerprint of electronic states largely decoupled from the lattice. Additionally, these results enforce the hypothesis, envisaged in the current literature, that the transient photoinduced states belong to a sort of crossover phase instead of an equilibrium metallic one.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...intense research. By performing time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we investigated the photoinduced phase of...
Keywords: ultrafast phenomena, time resolved photoemission, strongly correlated systems, transition metal dichalcogenide
Published: 13.04.2021; Views: 1158; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,34 MB)

Topological properties and self-energy effects in elemental Yb
L. Petaccia, D. Ceresoli, S. Iacobucci, A. Ruocco, Giovanni Stefani, Luka Novinec, M. I. Trioni, Sandra Gardonio, F. Offi, P. M. Sheverdyaeva, 2021, original scientific article

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...electronic structure, topological materials, lanthanides, angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy...
Keywords: electronic structure, topological materials, lanthanides, angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy
Published: 03.12.2021; Views: 596; Downloads: 17
.pdf Fulltext (1,94 MB)
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