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TD/GC–MS analysis of volatile markers emitted from mono- and co-cultures of Enterobacter cloacae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in artificial sputum
Craig Portsmouth, Pedro Povoa, Jan H Leopold, Pouline M P van Oort, Emili Diaz, Gemma Goma, Timothy Felton, Paul Dark, Alan Davie, Luis Coelho, Lieuwe D Bos, Marta Camprubi, Antonio Artigas, Jonathan Barnard-Smith, Waqar M Ahmed, Stephen J Fowler, Tamara M E Nijsen, Royston Goodacre, Weda Hans, Hugo knobel, Oluwasola Lawal, Iain R White, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: Introduction: Infections such as ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) can be caused by one or more pathogens. Current methods for identifying these pathogenic microbes often require invasive sampling, and can be time consuming, due to the requirement for prolonged cultural enrichment along with selective and differential plating steps. This results in delays in diagnosis which in such critically ill patients can have potentially life-threatening consequences. Therefore, a non-invasive and timely diagnostic method is required. Detection of microbial volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath is proposed as an alternative method for identifying these pathogens and may distinguish between mono- and poly-microbial infections. Objectives: To investigate volatile metabolites that discriminate between bacterial mono- and co-cultures. Methods: VAP-associated pathogens Enterobacter cloacae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were cultured individually and together in artificial sputum medium for 24 h and their headspace was analysed for potential discriminatory VOCs by thermal desorption gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Results: Of the 70 VOCs putatively identified, 23 were found to significantly increase during bacterial culture (i.e. likely to be released during metabolism) and 13 decreased (i.e. likely consumed during metabolism). The other VOCs showed no transformation (similar concentrations observed as in the medium). Bacteria-specific VOCs including 2-methyl-1-propanol, 2-phenylethanol, and 3-methyl-1-butanol were observed in the headspace of axenic cultures of E. cloacae, and methyl 2-ethylhexanoate in the headspace of P. aeruginosa cultures which is novel to this investigation. Previously reported VOCs 1-undecene and pyrrole were also detected. The metabolites 2-methylbutyl acetate and methyl 2-methylbutyrate, which are reported to exhibit antimicrobial activity, were elevated in co-culture only. Conclusion: The observed VOCs were able to differentiate axenic and co-cultures. Validation of these markers in exhaled breath specimens could prove useful for timely pathogen identification and infection type diagnosis.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Bacteria, Enterobacter cloacae, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Infection, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Volatile organic compounds
Published: 18.07.2019; Views: 739; Downloads: 38
.pdf Fulltext (1,29 MB)

Regulation and controlling the motility properties of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Fazlurrahman Khan, Dung Thuy Nguyen Pham, Sandra Folarin Oloketuyi, Young-Mog Kim, 2020, review article

Abstract: Chronic infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa have been a major concern as their spread and mortality continue to be on the rise. These infections are majorly attributed to biofilm formation via sequential steps where motility plays an essential role in initial attachment of bacterial cells onto biotic and abiotic surfaces, thereby contributing to multi-drug resistance among pathogens. Therefore, attenuating motility properties can be considered as highly potential for controlling P. aeruginosa biofilm formation. This strategy has employed the use of various natural and chemically synthesized compounds. The present review article explained the importance and regulation of different types of motilities properties. Furthermore, it also covered several important alternative approaches using anti-motility agents which could be helpful for controlling P. aeruginosa biofilm-associated infections. Further studies are required for in-depth understandings about the mechanisms of motilities controlling of these molecules at molecular levels.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Biofilm, Motility, Attenuation, Antibiofilm drugs, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Published: 12.01.2021; Views: 59; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (4,83 MB)

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