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1.
Entropic cost of folding and phase diagrams of polypeptides: Why are IDPs unfolded at room temperature?
Artem Badasyan, invited lecture at foreign university

Abstract: In spin models, that are applied to describe the conformational transitions in polymers, the number of spin orientations, that correspond to the disordered conformation, can be estimated using fundamental definitions of Statistical Physics. For instance, when considering alpha-helix to coil transition in polypeptides, the role of generalized coordinates is played by pairs of torsional angle, and the repeating unit populates different regions of that 2D contour map, depending on conformation. By scanning over all possible torsional angles, that do not violate the obvious limitations due to the excluded volume, the so-called Ramachandran map can be plotted, which is actually the phase space visualization for the helix-coil transition problem. The region of phase space, corresponding to the ordered, helical conformations, is much more limited, than the one, corresponding to all other (allowed) conformations. We can calculate the areas of these regions as Γhelix and Γcoil , and construct the ratio Q = Γcoil . Naturally, it can be interpreted as log(Q) = Scoil − Shelix = ΔS, the entropic cost of helix with respect to coil. To illustrate the importance of the entropic price of ordered conformation we report our recent results, that allowed to explain the peculiarity of phase diagrams of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins (IDP) out of larger Q-values, as compared to globular counterparts. In particular, it has been shown, that due to larger Q, the phase diagram of IDP is shifted towards higher temperatures.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...allowed to explain the peculiarity of phase diagrams of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins (IDP) out of...
Keywords: IDP, protein folding, phase diagram
Published: 23.06.2016; Views: 1670; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (2,96 MB)
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2.
Agent based modelling for the 2D molecular self-organization of realistic molecules
Sara Fortuna, Alessandro Troisi, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: We extend our previously developed agent-based (AB) algorithm to the study of the self-assembly of a fully atomistic model of experimental interest. We study the 2D self-assembly of a rigid organic molecule (1,4-benzene-dicarboxylic acid or TPA), comparing the AB results with Monte Carlo (MC) and MC simulated annealing, a technique traditionally used to solve the global minimization problem. The AB algorithm gives a lower energy configuration in the same simulation time than both of the MC simulation techniques. We also show how the AB algorithm can be used as a part of the protocol to calculate the phase diagram with less computational effort than standard techniques.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...part of the protocol to calculate the phase diagram with less computational effort than standard...
Keywords: self-assembly, self-organisation, 1, 4-benzene-dicarboxylic acid, TPA, agent based, Monte Carlo, simulation, phase diagram
Published: 11.10.2016; Views: 1766; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (4,00 MB)

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