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Thermal Lensing of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Solutions as Heat-Transfer Nanofluids
Mohanachandran Nair Sindhu Swapna, RAJ VIMAL, CABRERA HUMBERTO, SANKARARAMAN SANKARANARAYANA IYER, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper unwraps nanofluids’ particle dynamics with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in base fluids such as acetone, water, and ethylene glycol. Having confirmed the morphology and structure of the MWCNTs by field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopic analyses, the nanofluids are prepared in three different concentrations. The nonzero absorbance at the laser wavelength, revealed through the UV−visible spectrum, makes the thermal diffusivity study of the sample by the sensitive nondestructive single beam thermal lens (TL) technique possible. The TL signal analysis by time series and fractal techniques divulges the complex particle dynamics, through phase portrait, sample entropy, fractal dimension, and Hurst exponent. The study unveils the effect of the amount of nanoparticles and the viscosity of the medium on thermal diffusivity and particle dynamics. The observed inverse relation between thermal diffusivity and viscosity is in good agreement with the Sankar−Swapna model. The complexity of particle dynamics in MWCNT nanofluids reflected through sample entropy, and fractal dimension shows an inverse relation to the base fluid’s viscosity. This paper investigates the role of viscosity of the base fluid on particle dynamics and thermal diffusivity of the nanofluid to explore its applicability in various thermal systems, thereby suggesting a method to tune the sample entropy through proper selection of base fluid.
Keywords: MWCNT, thermal lens, fractals, nonlinear time series, phase portrait, sample entropy
Published in RUNG: 28.06.2022; Views: 1336; Downloads: 0
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Through-plane and in-plane thermal diffusivity determination of graphene nanoplatelets by photothermal beam deflection spectrometry
Humberto Cabrera, Dorota Korte, Hanna Budasheva, Behnaz Abbasgholi N. Asbaghi, Stefano Bellucci, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: In this work, in-plane and through-plane thermal diffusivities and conductivities of a freestanding sheet of graphene nanoplatelets are determined using photothermal beam deflection spectrometry. Two experimental methods were employed in order to observe the effect of load pressures on the thermal diffusivity and conductivity of the materials. The in-plane thermal diffusivity was determined by the use of a slope method supported by a new theoretical model, whereas the through-plane thermal diffusivity was determined by a frequency scan method in which the obtained data were processed with a specifically developed least-squares data processing algorithm. On the basis of the determined values, the in-plane and through-plane thermal conductivities and their dependences on the values of thermal diffusivity were found. The results show a significant difference in the character of thermal parameter dependence between the two methods. In the case of the in-plane configuration of the experimental setup, the thermal conductivity decreases with the increase in thermal diffusivity, whereas with the through-plane variant, the thermal conductivity increases with an increase in thermal diffusivity for the whole range of the loading pressure used. This behavior is due to the dependence of heat propagation on changes introduced in the graphene nano-platelets structure by compression.
Keywords: graphene nanoplatelets, thermal diffusivity, thermal conductivity, photothermal spectrometry
Published in RUNG: 30.11.2021; Views: 1776; Downloads: 65
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A multi-thermal-lens approach to evaluation of multi-pass probe beam configuration in thermal lens spectrometry
Humberto Cabrera, Leja Goljat, Dorota Korte, Ernesto Marin, Mladen Franko, original scientific article

Abstract: In this work, a recently proposed thermal lens instrument based on multi-pass probe beam concept is investigated and described as a multi-thermal-lens equivalent system. A simulation of the photothermal lens signal formation in a multi-thermal-lens equivalent configuration of the system is performed and validated by comparing the experimental signals of single, dual and ten-pass configurations to theoretically calculated values. The theoretically predicted enhancement of the signal is 9 to 10-fold for a weak thermal lens when comparing the ten-pass configuration with the conventional single-pass thermal lens system. Experimentally achieved signal enhancement in the ten-pass system is 8.3 for pure ethanol sample and between 8 and 9 for solutions with different concentrations of the Fe(II) - 1,10-Phenanthroline complex. Additionally, a value of 9.1 was calculated as the ratio of the slopes of the calibration lines obtained using the ten-pass and single-pass configurations. The achieved limit of detection for determination of Fe(II), in the ten-pass configuration, was 0.4 µgL-1, with a relative standard deviation around 4.5%, which compares favorably with previously reported results for TLS determination of Fe(II) in thin samples using low excitation power. For the multi-pass configuration the linear range of measurement is reduced when compared to the single-pass configuration. This is explained by the theoretical analysis of the photothermal signal under multi-pass condition, which shows the important contribution of the nonlinear term in the theoretical expression for the photothermal signal. The ten-pass configuration, which is presented and validated experimentally for the first time, offers important signal enhancement needed in recently developed TLS instruments with tunable, low power excitation sources.
Keywords: Thermal lens spectrometry, Photothermal detection, Trace determination, Chemical sensor
Published in RUNG: 10.12.2019; Views: 3157; Downloads: 0
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