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"I've always spoke like this, you see" : preterite-to-participle leveling in American and British Englishes
Alicia Chatten, Kimberley Baxter, Erwanne Mas, Jailyn Peña, Guy Tabachnick, Daniel Duncan, Laurel MacKenzie, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: Some English verbs use distinct forms for the preterite (i.e., simple past; e.g., I broke the door) and the past participle (e.g., I’ve broken the door). These verbs may variably show use of the preterite form in place of the participle (e.g., I’ve broke the door), which the authors call participle leveling. This article contributes the first detailed variationist study of participle leveling by investigating the phenomenon in perfect constructions using data collected from three corpora of conversational speech: two of American English and one of British English. A striking degree of similarity is found between the three corpora in both the linguistic and the extralinguistic constraints on variation. Constraints on participle leveling include tense of the perfect construction, verb frequency, and phonological similarity between preterite and participle forms. The variable is stable in real time and socially stratified. The article relates the findings to theoretical linguistic treatments of the variation and to questions of its origin and spread in Englishes transatlantically.
Keywords: morphological variation, analogical leveling, American English, British English
Published in RUNG: 08.04.2024; Views: 563; Downloads: 2
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Flipping the on/off switch: change in progress in the prepositional complements of verbs like "base" : lecture at the American Dialect Society, Annual Conference, January 8, 2023
Guy Tabachnick, Laurel MacKenzie, 2023, unpublished conference contribution

Abstract: Traditionally, verbs like base, survive, and capitalize have combined with the preposition on to express a meaning of derivation (based on). Since 2000, the use of off (of) in this construction has rapidly risen in prevalence and acceptability (Curzan, 2013; Behrens, 2014; Janda, 2020). We confirm the relative increase of off in this construction in a corpus of posts from the discussion website Reddit and in two other corpora in both real and apparent time, and find verb-specific effects on rate of off usage.
Keywords: Morpho-Syntactic Variation, prepositions, Reddit corpus, American English
Published in RUNG: 04.03.2024; Views: 554; Downloads: 3
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