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1.
Lens parameters for Gaia18cbf – a long gravitational microlensing event in the Galactic plane
K. Kruszyńska, Ł. Wyrzykowski, K. A. Rybicki, M. Maskoliūnas, E. Bachelet, N. Rattenbury, P. Mróz, P. Zieliński, K. Howil, Z. Kaczmarek, S. T. Hodgkin, N. Ihanec, I. Gezer, M. Gromadzki, P. Mikołajczyk, A. Stankevičiūtė, V. Čepas, E. Pakštienė, K. Šiškauskaitė, J. Zdanavičius, V. Bozza, M. Dominik, R. Figuera Jaimes, A. Fukui, M. Hundertmark, N. Narita, R. Street, Y. Tsapras, Mateusz Bronikowski, M. Jabłońska, A. Jabłonowska, O. Ziółkowska, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Context. The timescale of a microlensing event scales as a square root of a lens mass. Therefore, long-lasting events are important candidates for massive lenses, including black holes. Aims. Here, we present the analysis of the Gaia18cbf microlensing event reported by the Gaia Science Alerts system. It exhibited a long timescale and features that are common for the annual microlensing parallax effect. We deduce the parameters of the lens based on the derived best fitting model. Methods. We used photometric data collected by the Gaia satellite as well as the follow-up data gathered by the ground-based observatories. We investigated the range of microlensing models and used them to derive the most probable mass and distance to the lens using a Galactic model as a prior. Using a known mass-brightness relation, we determined how likely it is that the lens is a main-sequence (MS) star. Results. This event is one of the longest ever detected, with the Einstein timescale of tE = 491.41−84.94+128.31 days for the best solution and tE = 453.74−105.74+178.69 days for the second best. Assuming Galaxy priors, this translates to the most probable lens masses of ML = 2.65−1.48+5.09 M⊙ and ML = 1.71−1.06+3.78 M⊙, respectively. The limits on the blended light suggest that this event was most likely not caused by a MS star, but rather by a dark remnant of stellar evolution.
Keywords: gravitational lensing: micro, Galaxy: stellar content, stars: black holes, stars: neutron, Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
Published in RUNG: 13.11.2023; Views: 885; Downloads: 4
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2.
Full orbital solution for the binary system in the northern Galactic disc microlensing event Gaia16aye
Andreja Gomboc, Aurora Clerici, Nada Ihanec, 2020, original scientific article

Keywords: astronomija, satelit gaia, gravitacijsko lečenje
Published in RUNG: 21.01.2020; Views: 3228; Downloads: 0
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3.
Black holes, gravitational waves and fundamental physics: a roadmap
Leor Barack, Tanja Petrushevska, Andreja Gomboc, Katja Bricman, Aurora Clerici, Christopher Eckner, Nada Ihanec, Gabrijela Zaharijas, 2019, review article

Abstract: The grand challenges of contemporary fundamental physics—dark matter, dark energy, vacuum energy, inflation and early universe cosmology, singularities and the hierarchy problem—all involve gravity as a key component. And of all gravitational phenomena, black holes stand out in their elegant simplicity, while harbouring some of the most remarkable predictions of General Relativity: event horizons, singularities and ergoregions. The hitherto invisible landscape of the gravitational Universe is being unveiled before our eyes: the historical direct detection of gravitational waves by the LIGO-Virgo collaboration marks the dawn of a new era of scientific exploration. Gravitational-wave astronomy will allow us to test models of black hole formation, growth and evolution, as well as models of gravitational-wave generation and propagation. It will provide evidence for event horizons and ergoregions, test the theory of General Relativity itself, and may reveal the existence of new fundamental fields. The synthesis of these results has the potential to radically reshape our understanding of the cosmos and of the laws of Nature. The purpose of this work is to present a concise, yet comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the relevant fields of research, summarize important open problems, and lay out a roadmap for future progress. This write-up is an initiative taken within the framework of the European Action on 'Black holes, Gravitational waves and Fundamental Physics.
Keywords: black holes, gwverse
Published in RUNG: 24.06.2019; Views: 3698; Downloads: 0
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4.
Flares from the centers of galaxies with Gaia and OGLE surveys
Nada Ihanec, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: Modern wide-field-of-view and all-sky satellites (e.g. Gaia) and ground based surveys (e.g. OGLE) repeatedly cover a large part of the sky and are detecting new, transient astrophysical sources on daily basis. In this thesis I analyzed the data from Gaia and OGLE transient surveys, with special focus on transients located near the centres of galaxies to detect possible Tidal Disruption Events. These occur when a star gets too close to a Super-Massive Black Hole, which lurks in the centres of most galaxies, and gets disrupted due to the black hole's gravitational tidal forces. The goal of my research was to detect possible Tidal Disruption Events and eliminate false candidates, such as supernovae. The work involved daily inspection of new alerts, identified with Gaia and OGLE Transient Detection System. I searched for potential transients in galactic nuclei and in case there was such a transient detected, follow-up spectroscopic observations were initiated in order to help classify the object. During the course of my work I analyzed spectra obtained with the largest telescopes in the world (SALT, VLT) and performed the spectral template matching, recognition of spectral features related to known classes of transients, determination of redshift etc.
Keywords: Flares, transients, Gaia, OGLE, supernovae, tidal disruption events, nuclear transients
Published in RUNG: 14.05.2019; Views: 4342; Downloads: 133
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5.
Swift and SALT observations the nuclear transient Gaia17dbg = ATLAS17lbg = AT2017gul
Nada Ihanec, 2017, other component parts

Keywords: AGN, supernove, tranzienti, Gaia, SALT, SWIFT
Published in RUNG: 31.01.2018; Views: 3791; Downloads: 0
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6.
SALT spectroscopic classification of nuclear transient Gaia17cqz/AT2017hrw as SN IIP
Nada Ihanec, 2017, other component parts

Keywords: tranzienti, Gaia, klasifikacija, supernova
Published in RUNG: 31.01.2018; Views: 3977; Downloads: 0
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7.
OGLE Transient Discovery Report for 2017-12-23
Nada Ihanec, 2017, other component parts

Keywords: astronomija, tranzient, OGLE
Published in RUNG: 31.01.2018; Views: 3771; Downloads: 0
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8.
Swift X-ray detection and VLT/FORS2 spectroscopy of the nuclear transient Gaia17cmd/AT2017har
Nada Ihanec, 2017, other component parts

Keywords: tranzienti, Gaia, Swift, spektroskopija
Published in RUNG: 31.01.2018; Views: 3771; Downloads: 0
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9.
VLT/FORS2 spectroscopic classification of nuclear transient OGLE17hil as normal Supernova Type Ia
Nada Ihanec, 2017, other component parts

Keywords: tranzient, OGLE, supernova
Published in RUNG: 31.01.2018; Views: 3798; Downloads: 0
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10.
OGLE-IV Transient Search report 25 September 2017 part 1-3
Nada Ihanec, 2017, other component parts

Keywords: astronomija, OGLE, tranzienti
Published in RUNG: 09.11.2017; Views: 3804; Downloads: 193
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