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1.
A comparative study of nanolaminate CrN/Mo2N and CrN/W2N as hard and corrosion resistant coatings
Marco Beltrami, Andraž Mavrič, Simone Dal Zilio, Mattia Fanetti, Gregor Kapun, Marco Lazzarino, Orfeo Sbaizero, Miha Čekada, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: Nanolaminate coatings (NLC) consisting of alternated CrN coupled with either cubic tungsten nitride (β-W2N) or molybdenum nitride (γ-Mo2N) were deposited on cold worked tool steel substrates using reactive DC reactive magnetron sputtering for improved mechanical and corrosion resistance. The CrN/γ-Mo2N and CrN/β-W2N nanolaminate systems were found to perform better than the corresponding single-layer systems, with both mechanical and electrochemical properties improving by decreasing the individual layer thickness from 100 to 5 nm. The CrN/β-W2N NLC combined the high hardness value of W2N with the low corrosion current of CrN. The CrN/γ-Mo2N NLC showed synergistic improvements consisting of both higher hardness and lower corrosion currents with respect to the constituent materials alone. The dependence of mechanical and corrosion properties on the bilayer period is discussed in terms of the grain size, residual stresses and texture of the constituent materials and the nanostructured character of the multilayer architecture.
Keywords: Nanolayered coatings, Transition metal nitrides, Sputtering, Nanoindentation, Corrosion resistance, Mechanical properties
Published in RUNG: 12.01.2023; Views: 1508; Downloads: 0
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RF sputtered boron carbide thin film for UVB and UVC shielding: A greener approach
Mohanachandran Nair Sindhu Swapna, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper reports the development of RF sputtered boron carbide coatings as refractory and UV-shielder for high-temperature goggles and spacecraft applications. The advancement in the design and fabrication of machinery and UV optics necessitates the development of low-cost, eco-friendly preparation of wear-resistant refractory coatings with strong absorption in the UV region. Boron carbide coatings have proven their potential as abrasives besides their electronic applications. In the present work, boron carbide coatings are prepared by RF sputtering technique using the target prepared by low-temperature hydrothermal synthesis using cotton as carbon precursor. The sample synthesized and the film prepared are subjected to structure, morphological, and optical characterizations. The X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared, micro-Raman and X-ray photoelectron studies confirm the formation of boron-rich boron carbide with the thermal stability of 87% at 800 C, revealed through the thermogravimetric analysis. The Tauc plot analysis gives the bandgap energy of the boron carbide target and film as 2.66 eV and 2.70 eV, respectively. The UV–Vis spectroscopic study also reveals the potential of the sample and the film in blocking UVB and UVC. The CIE plot from the photoluminescence study suggests the sample to be a blue light emitter.
Keywords: Boron carbide, RF sputtering, uv shielding, thin films
Published in RUNG: 30.06.2022; Views: 1400; Downloads: 0
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Novel two-step vapor-phase synthesis of UV – Vis light active Fe2O3/WO3 nanocomposites for phenol degradation
Davide Barreca, Giorgio Carraro, Alberto Gasparotto, Chiara Maccato, Cinzia Sada, Elza Bontempi, Mariangela Brisotto, Olena Pliekhova, Urška Lavrenčič Štangar, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Supported Fe2O3/WO3 nanocomposites were fabricated by an original vapor phase approach, involving the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of Fe2O3 on Ti sheets and the subsequent radio frequency (RF)-sputtering of WO3. Particular attention was dedicated to the control of the W/Fe ratio, in order to tailor the composition of the resulting materials. The target systems were analyzed by the joint use of complementary techniques, that is, X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), and optical absorption spectroscopy. The results showed the uniform decoration of α-Fe2O3 (hematite) globular particles by tiny WO3 aggregates, whose content could be controlled by modulations of the sole sputtering time. The photocatalytic degradation of phenol in the liquid phase was selected as a test reaction for a preliminary investigation of the system behavior in wastewater treatment applications. The system activity under both UVand Vis light illumination may open doors for further material optimization in view of real-world end-uses.
Keywords: Fe2O3, WO3, Nanocomposites, Chemical vapor deposition, Sputtering, Photocatalysis
Published in RUNG: 03.08.2016; Views: 5257; Downloads: 0
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