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1.
Designing new renewable nano-structured electrode and membrane materials for direct alkaline ethanol fuel cell
De Chen, Jia Yang, Jørgen Svendby, Qingjun Chen, Gvido Bratina, Egon Pavlica, Ji-Song Huang, Jessie Lue Shingjiang, 2020, final research report

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...fuel cell, ethanol oxidation, graphene, oxygen reduction, catalyst, pt-free, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...
Keywords: fuel cell, ethanol oxidation, graphene, oxygen reduction, catalyst, pt-free, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Published: 03.12.2020; Views: 769; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (5,31 MB)

2.
Removal of diclofenac from water by zeolite-assisted advanced oxidation processes
Urška Lavrenčič Štangar, Daria Juretic Perisic, Vanja Gilja, Mirjana Novak Stankov, Zvonimir Katancic, Hrvoje Kusic, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Ana Loncaric Bozic, 2016, original scientific article

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...Diclofenac, FeZSM5, Biodegradability, Toxicity, Catalyst stability...
Keywords: Diclofenac, FeZSM5, Biodegradability, Toxicity, Catalyst stability
Published: 24.02.2016; Views: 2896; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (3,50 MB)

3.
Diclofenac removal by simulated solar assisted photocatalysis using TiO2-based zeolite catalyst; mechanisms, pathways and environmental aspects
Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Urška Lavrenčič Štangar, Sandra Babich, Hrvoje Kušić, Martina Biosic, Daria Juretic Perisic, Subhan Salaeh, Ana Lončarić Božić, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The study explores the potential of immobilized TiO2-based zeolite composite photocatalyst (TiO2-FeZ) made of commercial AEROXIDE TiO2 P25 and iron-exchanged zeolite of ZSM5 type (FeZ), for solar assisted treatment of diclofenac (DCF), pharmaceutical included in the ‘‘watch list” during last prioritization in water legislation by EU. In this study the efficiency of applied photocatalytic treatment, solar/TiO2-FeZ/H2O2, of DCF water solution was evaluated on basis of DCF removal and conversion kinetics, as well as the changes of common parameters for assessing water quality. Hence, the changes in the removal and mineralization of overall organic content, biodegradability, toxicity to Vibrio fischeri, dechlorination of DCF and its formed by-products, were monitored during the treatment. The obtained data were correlated with the evolution of DCF by-products, identified and monitored during the treatment by HPLC/MSMS analysis. In order to estimate the influence of water matrix, all experiments were performed in the presence of chloride or sulphate as counter ions. The obtained data revealed that degradation mechanism of DCF by applied treatment process using immobilized TiO2-FeZ includes the adsorption onto photocatalyst surface and consequent degradation. The contribution of homogeneous Fenton reaction due to leached iron ions was found to be negligible. The adsorption and degradation pathway of DCF were influenced by the type of counter ions, which was reflected in the observed changes of water quality parameters.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Solar photocatalysis, TiO2-FeZ catalyst, Diclofenac, Degradation pathway, Biodegradability, Toxicity
Published: 21.07.2016; Views: 3370; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (2,10 MB)

4.
Synthesis of tungsten carbide and platinum composite thin films for hydrogen production by electrochemical water splitting
Ali Semerci, 2018, master's thesis

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...tungsten carbide, hydrogen evolution, overpotential, electro- catalyst, platinum composite...
Keywords: tungsten carbide, hydrogen evolution, overpotential, electro- catalyst, platinum composite
Published: 30.08.2018; Views: 2270; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (3,21 MB)

5.
In-situ XAS analysis of nanoshaped CuO/CeO2 catalysts used for N2O decomposition
Albin Pintar, Petar Djinović, Maxim Zabilsky, Iztok Arčon, 2018, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: The goal of this research is to establish the working state and correlations between atomic structure and catalytic activity of nanoshaped CuO/CeO2 catalysts used in N2O decomposition reaction. The catalysts contained CuO nanoclusters dispersed over different CeO2 morphologies: nano-rods and nano-cubes. N2O is a side product of nitric and adipic acid production and a very potent greenhouse gas that is formed in amounts estimated at about 400 Mt/a of CO2 equivalent. Consequently, the development of robust, active and selective catalysts for N2O decomposition is of a great environmental and economical interest. CeO2-based materials promoted by CuO represent a new class of catalysts that exhibit considerable activity in N2O decomposition reaction between 300 and 500 °C [1-3], and are significantly cheaper and more efficient than Pt, Pd or Rh based catalysts. In order to maximize the efficiency of the catalyst, the active site in this reaction needs to be identified and the mechanism clarified. In-situ Cu K-edge and Ce L3-edge XANES and EXAFS analysis was done on a set of CuO/CeO2 catalysts with different ceria morphology (nano-cubes, nano-rods) and Cu loadings between 2 to 8 wt. %, during N2O decomposition reaction, under controlled reaction conditions at 400 °C. The XAS spectra were measured in-situ, in a tubular reactor, filled with protective He atmosphere at 1 bar, first at RT, then during heating, and at final temperature of 400 °C, during catalytic reaction, when the catalyst was exposed to a small amount (0.2 vol%) of N2O mixed with He. The Cu K-edge and Ce L3-edge XANES and EXAFS analysis reveals changes in valence and local structure of Cu and Ce in the CuO/CeO2 catalysts. In the initial state (in He at RT), copper is present in the form of CuO nanoparticles attached to the CeO2 surface. After heating in He to 400 °C, partial (10%) reduction of Ce [Ce(IV)→Ce(III)] is detected, significant part of Cu(II) is reduced to Cu(I) and Cu(0) species, and direct Cu-Cu bonds are formed. During catalytic N2O decomposition at 400°C, all Ce(III) is oxidized back to Ce(VI), and a major part of Cu is oxidized back to Cu(II), with about 5% of Cu(I) remaining in equilibrium state. Observed structural and valence changes of copper strongly depend on its loading and CeO2 morphology. With systematic In-situ XAS analysis of different nanoshaped CuO/CeO2 catalysts, we identified the structural characteristics and changes of Cu and Ce phases during catalytic N2O decomposition reaction, which could lead to identification of the active catalytic site during the reaction and further improve the performance of these promising catalytic materials.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...structure and catalytic activity of nanoshaped CuO/CeO2 catalysts used in N2O decomposition reaction. The catalysts...
Keywords: EXAFS, CuO/CeO2 catalyst, N2O decomposition
Published: 12.09.2018; Views: 1860; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (281,07 KB)

6.
Alternative Recovery and Valorization of Metals from Exhausted Catalytic Converters in a New Smart Polymetallic Catalyst
Oreste Piccolo, Laura Sperni, Michele Gallo, Katarina Vogel-Mikuš, Iztok Arčon, Franco Baldi, Sebastiano Tieuli, Stefano Paganelli, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: A new metals-polymeric composite, Metx-EPS (I), was prepared to be used as catalyst in water or in two-phase aqueous conditions. The metals source was an exhausted catalytic converter that was grinded and treated with an acidic solution at room temperature. After filtration, the solution was concentrated, neutralized and added to a broth of Klebsiella oxytoca DSM 29614 to produce (I) where metals are embedded in a peculiar polysaccharide structure (EPS). The composite was easily recovered from the fermentation broth and purified. The process protocol was verified many times and was shown to be reproducible satisfactorily. The % recovery of metals, originally present in the converter, was good as determined by atomic absorption. The morphology and the chemical state of main metals in (I) were investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy methods (XANES and EXAFS). No metallic alloy seems to be evident. The catalytic activity and a possible synergic effect due to the presence of the different metals was valuated in the hydrogenation of some substrates, valuable precursors for theproduction of fine chemicals.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Biogenerated polymetallic exopolysaccharide, biphasic catalysis, hydrogenation, metals-polymeric composite, new catalyst from metallic wastes, EXAFS, XANES
Published: 06.05.2019; Views: 1407; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (2,87 MB)

7.
A Biogenerated Polymetallic Catalyst from Society's Wastes
Oreste Piccolo, Stefano Paganelli, Petro Zanatta, Sebastiano Tieuli, Laura Sperni, Franco Baldi, Iztok Arčon, Michele Gallo, Katarina Vogel-Mikuš, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: Aims:Preparation of the new metals - polymeric composite, Met x-EPS (I), to be used as a green catalyst in water or in two-phase aqueous conditions. Study Design: Recovery and valorization of polymetallic wastes to obtain directly new catalysts using a microorganism to explore their application in removal of difficult and dangerous chemical pollutants present in aqueous environment
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Metals - polymeric composite, biogenerated polymetallic exopolysaccharide, new catalyst from metallic wastes, hydrodechlorination of PCBs in water
Published: 06.05.2019; Views: 1553; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (373,55 KB)

8.
Practical competencies and transferable skills of an Innovation Catalyst mastering Art Thinking in Art, Science and Technology
Peter Purg, unpublished conference contribution

Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: art, science, technology, interdisciplinary, innovation, catalyst
Published: 08.10.2020; Views: 768; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,14 MB)

9.
Effect of the Morphology of the High-Surface-Area Support on the Performance of the Oxygen-Evolution Reaction for Iridium Nanoparticles
Leonard Moriau, Marjan Bele, Živa Marinko, Francisco Ruiz-Zepeda, Gorazd Koderman, Martin Šala, Angelija Kjara Šurca, Janez Kovač, Iztok Arčon, Primož Jovanovič, Nejc Hodnik, Luka Suhadolnik, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: The development of affordable, low-iridium-loading, scalable, active, and stable catalysts for the oxygen-evolution reaction (OER) is a requirement for the commercialization of proton-exchange membrane water electrolyzers (PEMWEs). However, the synthesis of high-performance OER catalysts with minimal use of the rare and expensive element Ir is very challenging and requires the identification of electrically conductive and stable high-surface-area support materials. We developed a synthesis procedure for the production of large quantities of a nanocomposite powder containing titanium oxynitride (TiONx) and Ir. The catalysts were synthesized with an anodic oxidation process followed by detachment, milling, thermal treatment, and the deposition of Ir nanoparticles. The anodization time was varied to grow three different types of nanotubular structures exhibiting different lengths and wall thicknesses and thus a variety of properties. A comparison of milled samples with different degrees of nanotubular clustering and morphology retention, but with identical chemical compositions and Ir nanoparticle size distributions and dispersions, revealed that the nanotubular support morphology is the determining factor governing the catalyst’s OER activity and stability. Our study is supported by various state-of-the-art materials’ characterization techniques, like X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopies, Xray powder diffraction and absorption spectroscopy, and electrochemical cyclic voltammetry. Anodic oxidation proved to be a very suitable way to produce high-surface-area powder-type catalysts as the produced material greatly outperformed the IrO2 benchmarks as well as the Ir-supported samples on morphologically different TiONx from previous studies. The highest activity was achieved for the sample prepared with 3 h of anodization, which had the most appropriate morphology for the effective removal of oxygen bubbles.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...development of affordable, low-iridium-loading, scalable, active, and stable catalysts for the oxygen-evolution reaction (OER) is a requirement...
Keywords: electrocatalysis, oxygen-evolution reaction, TiONx-Ir powder catalyst, iridium nanoparticles, anodic oxidation, morphology−activity correlation
Published: 04.01.2021; Views: 662; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (6,36 MB)

10.
Photo-Chemically-Deposited and Industrial Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 Catalyst Material Surface Structures During CO2 Hydrogenation to Methanol: EXAFS, XANES and XPS Analyses of Phases After Oxidation, Reduction, and Reaction
Blaž Likozar, Iztok Arčon, Venkata Dasireddy, Maja Pori, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: Industrial Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 or novel rate catalysts, prepared with a photochemical deposition method, were studied under functional CH3OH synthesis conditions at the set temperature (T) range of 240–350 °C, 20 bar pressure, and stoichiometric carbon dioxide/hydrogen composition. Analytical scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray adsorption near edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) methods were systematically utilized to investigate the interfaces, measured local geometry, and chemical state electronics around the structured active sites of commercially available Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 material or synthesized Cu/ZnO. Processed Cu K-edge EXAFS analysis suggested that various Cu atom species, clusters, metallic fcc Cu, Cu oxides (Cu2O or CuO) and the Cu0.7Zn2 alloy with hexagonal crystalline particles are contained after testing. It was proposed that in addition to the model’s Cu surface area, the amount, ratio and dispersion of the mentioned bonded Cu compounds significantly influenced activity. Additionally, XPS revealed that carbon may be deposited on the commercial Cu/ZnO/Al2O3, forming the inactive carbide coating with Cu or/and Zn, which may be the cause of basicity’s severe deactivation during reactions. The selectivity to methanol decreased with increasing T, whereas more Cu0.7Zn2 inhibited the CO formation through reverse water–gas shift (RWGS) CO2 reduction.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: CH3OH synthesis, Cu/ZnO-based catalyst, XPS, XANES, EXAFS analyses, Catalyst selectivity and activity
Published: 03.06.2021; Views: 335; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (3,98 MB)

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