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1.
Designing atomic interface in ▫$Sb_2S_3/CdS$▫ heterojunction for efficient solar water splitting
Minji Yang, Zeyu Fan, Jinyan Du, Chao Feng, Ronghua Li, Beibei Zhang, Nadiia Pastukhova, Matjaž Valant, Matjaž Finšgar, Andraž Mavrič, Yanbo Li, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: In the emerging Sb2S3‐based solar energy conversion devices, a CdS buffer layer prepared by chemical bath deposition is commonly used to improve the separation of photogenerated electron‐hole pairs. However, the cation diffusion at the Sb2S3/CdS interface induces detrimental defects but is often overlooked. Designing a stable interface in the Sb2S3/CdS heterojunction is essential to achieve high solar energy conversion efficiency. As a proof of concept, this study reports that the modification of the Sb2S3/CdS heterojunction with an ultrathin Al2O3 interlayer effectively suppresses the interfacial defects by preventing the diffusion of Cd2+ cations into the Sb2S3 layer. As a result, a water‐splitting photocathode based on Ag:Sb2S3/Al2O3/CdS heterojunction achieves a significantly improved half‐cell solar‐to‐hydrogen efficiency of 2.78% in a neutral electrolyte, as compared to 1.66% for the control Ag:Sb2S3/CdS device. This work demonstrates the importance of designing atomic interfaces and may provide a guideline for the fabrication of high‐performance stibnite‐type semiconductor‐based solar energy conversion devices.
Keywords: alumina, defect passivation, interface engineering, photoelectrochemical water splitting
Published in RUNG: 11.03.2024; Views: 699; Downloads: 2
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Some new classes of hypernear-rings
Sanja Jančić-Rašović, Irina Elena Cristea, Jelena Dakić, 2020, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Keywords: hypernear-ring, defect of distributivity
Published in RUNG: 23.06.2020; Views: 2900; Downloads: 0
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4.
Defect creation and Diffusion under electric fields from first-principles: the prototypical case of silicon dioxide
Matjaž Valant, Giacomazzi Luigi, 2019, published scientific conference contribution

Keywords: Structural defect, amorphous structure, first-principle calcualtions
Published in RUNG: 30.10.2019; Views: 3150; Downloads: 0
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5.
OXYGEN-EXCESS RELATED DEFECTS IN SiO2-BASED MATERIALS: COUPLING THEORY AND EXPERIMENTS
Blaž Winkler, 2019, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: This work is primarily focused on application of standard first-principle computational approaches to model oxygen excess related point defects in amorphous silica. Atomic models with their respective electronic and optical properties are explored together with some conversion mechanisms between defect models. The first chapter overviews extensive literature about the already known properties of oxygen related defects. Second chapter briefly introduces main methods that have been used in this research, in particular Density Functional Theory (DFT) as energy and force engine with short description of minimal energy path (MEP) algorithm used for modeling chemical/migration reactions, GW approximation for charged electronic excitations (band structure) and Bethe-Salpeter Equation (BSE) for neutral excitations (optical absorption and excitonic structure including electron hole interaction). The third chapter is devoted to the presentation of results. Thanks to the calculation of optical properties of peroxy bridge (POL), a correlation has been found between structural disorder, specifically dihedral angle dispersion, and low coupling with light, which has been identified as main reason why no clear absorption bands have been assigned to the POL. Structure and stability of some other defects, like interstitial ozone molecule (ozonyl) and dioxasilirane (silicon analogy of dioxirane), have been studied. These defects are usually not considered as most important species, however their calculated formation energies are lower compared to some known defects, which indicates they might be present in silica. From a detailed study on possible reaction mechanisms, it has been found that ozonyl might be one of the most important intermediate steps for oxygen exchange reactions. Results also show that dioxasilirane can be spontaneously created during the interaction of oxygen with lone pair defects. By exploring different reactions between oxygen and pre-existing oxygen deficiency centers (ODCs), calculations predict two kinds of passivation behaviors: single-barrier reversible mechanisms with the formation of dioxasilirane-like groups, for which the network keeps the memory of the precursory lone pair defects, and single or multiple-barrier mechanisms, for which the network loses its memory, either because of the high reverse barrier or because of a reconstruction. Final part of this research has been devoted to experimental characterization of the response and tolerance of optical fibers loaded with oxygen under irradiation. These include experiments on commercial fiber along with canonical samples (Optical fibers developed with the intention of studying correlations between different fabrication parameters, dopant/impurity concentration and doping concentrations). Studied fibers also include rare-earth doped fibers.
Keywords: Silica, DFT, GW-approximation, Bethe-Salpeter equation, NEB, defect, oxygen, oxygen excess centers, oxygen deficiency centers, optical absorption, optical fibers, radiation induced attenuation.
Published in RUNG: 07.05.2019; Views: 4751; Downloads: 204
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6.
Division hypernear-rings
Sanja Jančić-Rašović, Irina Elena Cristea, 2018, original scientific article

Keywords: hypernear-ring, defect of distributivity, d.g. hypernear-ring, division hypernear-ring
Published in RUNG: 02.11.2018; Views: 3374; Downloads: 0
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7.
Hypernear-Ring with a Defect of Distributivity
Sanja Jančić-Rašović, Irina Elena Cristea, 2018, original scientific article

Keywords: hypernear-ring, defect of distributivity, d.g. hypernear-ring
Published in RUNG: 16.07.2018; Views: 3678; Downloads: 0
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8.
A note on near-rings and hypernear-rings with a defect of distributivity
Sanja Jančić-Rašović, Irina Elena Cristea, 2018, published scientific conference contribution

Keywords: near-ring, hypernear-ring, defect of distributivity
Published in RUNG: 11.07.2018; Views: 3398; Downloads: 0
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