Repository of University of Nova Gorica

Search the repository
A+ | A- | Help | SLO | ENG

Query: search in
search in
search in
search in
* old and bologna study programme

Options:
  Reset


1 - 7 / 7
First pagePrevious page1Next pageLast page
1.
Modelling water for calorimetry of proteins
Knarik Yeritsyan, Artem Badasyan, 2023, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) is a powerful technique used to study the thermal stability and unfolding of proteins. DSC provides the excess heat capacity profile and is used to study the thermodynamics of a given protein. By fitting DSC data to the model, researchers can obtain valuable information about the thermodynamics of protein folding and unfolding, which can help them better understand protein structure, stability, and function. Based on Hamiltonian representation of ZB model and using the solvent effects we derived an expression for heat capacity in proteins and successfuly fit it to experimental data. As we show, our model provides a better fit to experimental data, as compared to the 2-state model. The model we propose takes into account also water effects and we show that it fits better to experimental data giving inter- and intra-molecular H-bonding energies instead of reporting only one total enthalpy.
Keywords: Zimm-Bragg model, water model, helix-coil transition, protein folding, differential scanning calorimetry
Published in RUNG: 18.10.2023; Views: 939; Downloads: 0
This document has many files! More...

2.
Helix-coil theory to process experimental data for short polypeptides in solvent
Knarik Yeritsyan, Matjaž Valant, Artem Badasyan, 2022, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Keywords: Zimm-Bragg model, helix-coil transition, thermal unfolding, chain length
Published in RUNG: 10.10.2022; Views: 1285; Downloads: 1
This document has many files! More...

3.
System size dependence in the Zimm-Bragg model : partition function limits, transition temperature and interval
Artem Badasyan, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: Within the recently developed Hamiltonian formulation of the Zimm and Bragg model we re-evaluate several size dependent approximations of model partition function. Our size analysis is based on the comparison of chain length N with the maximal correlation (persistence) length ξ of helical conformation. For the first time we re-derive the partition function of zipper model by taking the limits of the Zimm–Bragg eigenvalues. The critical consideration of applicability boundaries for the single-sequence (zipper) and the long chain approximations has shown a gap in description for the range of experimentally relevant chain lengths of 5–10 persistence lengths ξ. Correction to the helicity degree expression is reported. For the exact partition function we have additionally found, that: at N/ξ ≈ 10 the transition temperature T m reaches its asymptotic behavior of infinite N; the transition interval ∆T needs about a thousand persistence lengths to saturate at its asymptotic, infinite length value. Obtained results not only contribute to the development of the Zimm–Bragg model, but are also relevant for a wide range of Biotechnologies, including the Biosensing applications.
Keywords: Zimm-Bragg model, helix-coil transition, zipper model
Published in RUNG: 17.06.2021; Views: 2291; Downloads: 80
URL Link to full text
This document has many files! More...

4.
On spin description of water-biopolymer interactions: theory and experiment of reentrant order-disorder transition.
Artem Badasyan, invited lecture at foreign university

Abstract: The experimental studies of biopolymer conformations have reached an unprecedented level of detailization during the past decade and allow now to study single molecules in vivo [1]. Processing of experimental data essentially relies on theoretical approaches to conformational transitions in biopolymers [2]. However, the models that are currently used, originate from the early 1960's and contain several unjustified assumptions, widely accepted at that time. Thus, the view on the conformational transitions in the polypeptides as a two-state process has very limited applicability because the all-or-none transition mechanism takes place only in short polypeptides with sizes comparable to the spatial correlation length; the original formulation of Zimm-Bragg model is phenomenological and does not allow for a microscopic model for water; the implicit consideration of the water-polypeptide interactions through the ansatz about the quadratic dependence of free energy difference on temperature can only be justified through the assumption of an ideal gas with a constant heat capacity. To get rid of these deficiencies, we augment the Hamiltonian formulation [3] of the Zimm-Bragg model [4] with the term describing the water-polypeptide interactions [5]. The analytical solution of the model results in a formula, ready to be fit to Circular Dichroism (CD) data for both heat and cold denaturation. On the example of several sets of experimental data we show, that our formula results in a significantly better fit, as compared to the existing approaches. Moreover, the application of our procedure allows to compare the strengths of inter- and intra-molecular H-bonds, an information, inaccessible before.
Keywords: helix-coil transition, water-polypeptide interactions
Published in RUNG: 13.03.2019; Views: 3317; Downloads: 0
This document has many files! More...

5.
New method to process Circular Dichroism experimental data on heat and cold denaturation of polypeptides in water
Artem Badasyan, Matjaž Valant, 2018, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: During the past decade the experimental studies of biopolymer conformations have reached an unprecedented level of detailization and allow to study single molecules in vivo [1]. Processing of experimental data essentially relies on theoretical approaches to conformational transitions in biopolymers [2]. However, the models that are currently used, originate from the early 1960's and contain several unjustified assumptions, widely accepted at that time. Thus, the view on the conformational transitions in the polypeptides as a two-state process has very limited applicability because the all-or-none transition mechanism takes place only in short polypeptides with sizes comparable to the spatial correlation length; the original formulation of Zimm-Bragg model is phenomenological and does not allow for a microscopic model for water; the implicit consideration of the water-polypeptide interactions through the ansatz about the quadratic dependence of free energy difference on temperature can only be justified through the assumption of an ideal gas with a constant heat capacity. To get rid of these deficiencies, we augment the Hamiltonian formulation [3] of the Zimm-Bragg model [4] with the term describing the water-polypeptide interactions [5]. The analytical solution of the model results in a formula, ready to be fit to Circular Dichroism (CD) data for both heat and cold denaturation. On the example of several sets of experimental data we show, that our formula results in a significantly better fit, as compared to the existing approaches. Moreover, the application of our procedure allows to compare the strengths of inter- and intra-molecular H-bonds, an information, inaccessible before. References [1] I. König, A. Zarrine-Afsar, M. Aznauryan, A. Soranno, B. Wunderlich, F. Dingfelder, J. C. Stüber, A. Plückthun, D. Nettels, B. Schuler, (2015), Single-molecule spectroscopy of protein conformational dynamics in live eukaryotic cells/Nature Methods, 12, 773-779. [2] J. Seelig, H.-J. Schönfeld, (2016), Thermal protein unfolding by differential scanning calorimetry and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Two-state model versus sequential unfolding/Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics, 49, e9, 1-24. [3] A.V. Badasyan, A. Giacometti, Y. Sh. Mamasakhlisov, V. F. Morozov, A. S. Benight, (2010), Microscopic formulation of the Zimm-Bragg model for the helix-coil transition/Physical Review E, 81, 021921. [4] B. H. Zimm, J. K. Bragg, (1959), Theory of the Phase Transition between Helix and Random Coil in Polypeptide Chains/Journal of Chemical Physics, 31, 526. [5] A. Badasyan, Sh.A. Tonoyan, A. Giacometti, R. Podgornik, V.A. Parsegian, Y.Sh. Mamasakhlisov, V.F. Morozov, (2014), Unified description of solvent effects in the helix-coil transition/Physical Review E, 89, 022723. Corresponding author: Artem Badasyan (artem.badasyan@ung.si)
Keywords: Biopolymers, Circular Dichroism, Zimm-Bragg model, helix-coil transition.
Published in RUNG: 22.10.2018; Views: 3970; Downloads: 0
This document has many files! More...

6.
Physics behind the Conformational Transitions in Biopolymers. Demystification of DNA melting and Protein Folding
Artem Badasyan, invited lecture at foreign university

Abstract: Biophysics is the area of research, devoted to the studies of physical problems related to living systems. Animal cell is the smallest unit of an organism and mainly contains water solutions of structurally inhomogeneous polymers of biological origin: polypeptides (proteins) and polynucleotides (DNA, RNA). Statistical physics of macromolecules allows to describe the conformations of both synthetic and bio-polymers and constitutes the basis of Biophysics. During the talk I will report on the biophysical problems I have solved with numerical simulations (Langevin-based Molecular Dynamics of Go-like protein folding model and Monte Carlo with Wang-Landau sampling) and analytical studies of spin models (formula evaluation by hand, enforced with computer algebra systems). The direct connections with the theory of phase transitions, algebra of non-commutative operators and decorated spin models will be elucidated.
Keywords: Biophysics, protein folding, helix-coil transition, spin models
Published in RUNG: 13.12.2016; Views: 5962; Downloads: 0
This document has many files! More...

7.
Search done in 0.04 sec.
Back to top