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1.
Czech speakers learn and apply morphological dependencies : lecture at the University of Nova Gorica, Jezik & Linguistics Colloquia, Nova Gorica, 23. 11. 2023
Guy Tabachnick, 2023, other performed works

Abstract: Theories of morphology must account for lexicalized variation: lexical items that differ unpredictably in their inflection must be memorized individually and differ in their stored representation. When tested on such cases, adult speakers usually follow the “law of frequency matching” (Hayes et al. 2009), extending gradient phonological patterns from the lexicon. In this talk, I present results from two wug tests showing that Czech speakers likewise extend gradient morphological patterns from the lexicon: that is, they productively apply correlations between inflected forms of the same word. I handle lexicalized variation using diacritic features marking lexical entries and propose that Czech speakers have learned a gradient cooccurrence relation between diacritic features, extending the sublexicon model of Gouskova et al. (2015). This approach accounts for phonological and morphological patterns with a unified mechanism. This approach provides an account of morphological dependencies in generative grammar compatible with a piece-based, syntactic theory like Distributed Morphology, responding to Ackerman and Malouf (2013) and others who criticize such theories for being unable to account for these morphological correlations.
Keywords: morphology, psycholinguistics, inflection classes, nonce word study, frequency matching, morphological dependencies, Czech
Published in RUNG: 05.03.2024; Views: 428; Downloads: 1
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2.
Speakers apply morphological dependencies in the inflection of novel forms : lecture at the University of Connecticut, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Department of Linguistics, Ling Lunch, 18. 4. 2023
Guy Tabachnick, 2023, invited lecture at foreign university

Abstract: Theories of morphology must account for lexicalized variation: lexical items that differ unpredictably in their inflection must be memorized individually and differ in their stored representation. When tested on such cases, adult speakers usually follow the “law of frequency matching” (Hayes et al. 2009), extending gradient phonological patterns from the lexicon. In this talk, I present results from two wug tests showing that Hungarian and Czech speakers likewise extend gradient morphological patterns from the lexicon: that is, they productively imply correlations between inflected forms of the same word. I handle lexicalized variation using diacritic features marking lexical entries and propose that Hungarian and Czech speakers have learned a gradient cooccurrence relation between diacritic features, extending the sublexicon model of Gouskova et al. (2015). This approach also allows for a flexible analysis of traditional inflection classes (in languages like Russian) as emergent clusters of frequently cooccurring features.
Keywords: morphology, psycholinguistics, inflection classes, nonce word study, frequency matching, morphological dependencies, Hungarian, Czech
Published in RUNG: 05.03.2024; Views: 375; Downloads: 1
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3.
Speakers apply morphological dependencies in the inflection of novel forms : lecture at the Linguistic Society of America 97th Annual Meeting, January 6, 2023
Guy Tabachnick, 2023, unpublished conference contribution

Abstract: Since Berko (1958), nonce word studies have shown that speakers exhibit morphological productivity: they can create morphologically complex forms of unfamiliar lexical items. Speakers are known to use a word’s phonology in morphological productivity (e.g. Bybee, 2001; Albright and Hayes, 2003; Hayes and Londe, 2006). Using a novel nonce word paradigm in Hungarian, I show that speakers can also be sensitive to a word’s morphological behavior: specifically, Hungarian speakers take a novel word’s plural allomorph into account in selecting its possessive, reflecting the distribution of plural and possessive allomorphs in the lexicon. This experimental paradigm thus sheds light on how speakers use morphological dependencies: correlations between members of an inflectional paradigm (see Ackerman and Malouf, 2013).
Keywords: Morphology, Psycholinguistics, nonce word study, productivity, morphological dependencies, Hungarian
Published in RUNG: 04.03.2024; Views: 396; Downloads: 2
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4.
Paradigm uniformity in Czech prefix vocalization
Guy Tabachnick, 2019, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: The nature of inflectional paradigms in morphology is controversial, with some (e.g. Bobaljik, 2008) arguing that some supposed paradigmatic effects are instead due to morphosyntactic properties. I look at Czech prefix vocalization, a phenomenon in which consonant-final prefixes sometimes require a vowel (in Czech, this is always [ɛ]) at their end when attaching to a root. I analyze it as morphophonologically driven epenthesis and show that it overapplies across an inflectional paradigm, arguing that the paradigm is a meaningful linguistic unit. I account for prefix vocalization with Optimal Paradigms (McCarthy, 2005).
Keywords: Czech, prefix vocalization, paradigm uniformity, verbal morphology, allomorphy
Published in RUNG: 04.03.2024; Views: 375; Downloads: 2
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5.
Multifunctionality in Slovenian Morphology
Petra Mišmaš, 2024, invited lecture at foreign university

Keywords: Slovenian, morphology, affix, suffix, multifunctionality, Distributed morphology
Published in RUNG: 26.01.2024; Views: 498; Downloads: 5
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6.
Circumfixation
Franc Marušič

Abstract: Circumfixation is a morphological operation as a result of which an affix appears to surround or circumscribe the stem. There are three possible arrangements of the affixal element and the stem in which the stem is circumscribed by the affix: a single affix can appear simultaneously on both sides of the stem, which is what I call a monomorphic circumfix, two independent affixes can be placed each on a different side of the stem, or else an affix could be alternating between a suffix and a prefix, by which it would in a sense also circumscribe the stem, it just would not do so simultaneously. The last‐mentioned option results in mobile affixes, which are covered in more detail in ‘Metathesis’ in this volume. This entry goes over various possible attestations of these three patterns and argues the only possible type of circumfixes are bimorphic circumfixes. It further claims that even the bimorphic circumfixes are (most likely) bimorphemic. Theoretical and processing reasons are presented that favour this restriction.
Keywords: circumfixation, discontinuous affixation, morphology
Published in RUNG: 17.10.2023; Views: 692; Downloads: 0
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7.
8.
Ov to the rescue
Petra Mišmaš, Marko Simonović, 2023, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Keywords: Slovenian, morphology, deverbal nouns, nominalizations, verbs, affix, suffixation, multifunctionality
Published in RUNG: 29.08.2023; Views: 804; Downloads: 2
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9.
10.
The challenge with high permittivity acceptors in organic solar cells : a case study with Y-series derivatives
Peter Fürk, Suman Mallick, Thomas Rath, Matiss Reinfelds, Mingjian Wu, Erdmann Spiecker, Nikola Simic, Georg Haberfehlner, Gerald Kothleitner, Barbara Ressel, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Y-series acceptors have brought a paradigm shift in terms of power conversion efficiencies of organic solar cells in the last few years. Despite their high performance, these acceptors still exhibit substantial energy loss, stemming from their low-permittivity nature. To tackle the energy loss situation, we prepared modified Y-series acceptors with improved permittivities via an alternative synthetic route.
Keywords: solar cells, Y-series acceptors, morphology, efficiency measurements
Published in RUNG: 29.06.2023; Views: 1223; Downloads: 7
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