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1.
Women in Ruins: Agnes and Dora Bulwer's landscape photographs in Post-Risorgimento Italy
Martina Caruso, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: The British photographers Agnes Bulwer (1856– 1940) and her sister Dora Ellinor Bulwer (1864– 1948) left a legacy of circa 1300 photographs and 890 negatives, date from 1890 to 1913, to the British School at Rome. The photographs are principally of landscapes taken in Rome and the surrounding countryside (the Roman Campagna) but also further afield in Italy and abroad. Many include archaeological and natural sites as well as monuments, art works, and homes and gardens in urban or rural scenes. Their landscape photographs offer a perspective that challenged the existing masculine gaze as developed in landscape photography under the colonial project of the British Empire. Unfettered by the archaeologist’s need for ascetic facts, the Bulwers pioneered an unusual vision of landscape, inspired by the progressive international environment of post-Unification Italy. Agnes and Dora Bulwer often photographed women, whether Italian peasants or travelling companions, presenting a social and gendered gaze that helps to reconsider this period in the light of a dawning international humanitarianism. In spite of their photographic legacy, Agnes and Dora Bulwer remain relatively unknown in the growing field of rediscovered early female photographers connected to archaeology or travel photography. This article reveals their work within a cross-cultural, historical and phenomenological analysis, contributing a new chapter to women’s photographic history, to travel and landscape photography and to the history of British photographers working in Italy.
Keywords: history of photography, landscape photography, archive, gender, archaeology, cultural tourism, travel photography, Italy, Rome, Roman Campagna, Post-Unification, Post-Risorgimento, Britain, British Empire, United Kingdom, colonialism, Victorian, Edwardian, humanitarian socialism, nineteenth century, twentieth century
Published in RUNG: 11.01.2023; Views: 1681; Downloads: 0
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2.
How Yugoslavia’s Partisans Built a New Socialist Society
Gal Kirn, 2020, interview

Keywords: new society, self-management, partisan ruptures, dismantling of capitalism, and socialism, Tito
Published in RUNG: 18.09.2020; Views: 2511; Downloads: 0
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3.
Contradictions of the Socialist Civil Society in Nineteen-Eighties Yugoslavia
Gal Kirn, 2018, independent professional component part or a chapter in a monograph

Keywords: civil society, late socialism, miners' strike, nationalist turn, JBTZ, nationalisation of civil society, end of socialism
Published in RUNG: 18.09.2020; Views: 2381; Downloads: 0
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4.
From the Primacy of Partisan Politics to the Post-Fordist Tendency in Yugoslav Self-Management Socialism
Gal Kirn, 2013, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Keywords: postsocialism, post-Fordism, Yugoslavia, self-management, neoliberalism, market reform, Kardelj, partisan politics, rise and demise of socialism
Published in RUNG: 24.08.2020; Views: 2612; Downloads: 0
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5.
Transnationalism in Reverse: From Yugoslav to Post-Yugoslav Memorial Sites
Gal Kirn, 2014, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Keywords: modernism, socialism, socialist and partisan art, partisan monuments, destruction of monuments, revisionism, new revisionist monuments
Published in RUNG: 19.08.2020; Views: 2427; Downloads: 0
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6.
Partisan ruptures : self-management, market reform and the spectre of socialist Yugoslavia
Gal Kirn, 2019, scientific monograph

Abstract: Yugoslavia's twentieth-century bore witness to civil war, sharp ideological struggles and a series of 'partisan ruptures'; revolutionary events that changed the face of Yugoslavian society, politics and culture, which were felt on a global level. This book is a comprehensive historical and political analysis of the three major ruptures; the People's Liberation Struggle during World War Two, the self-management model and the Non-Aligned Movement. In order to understand what provoked and what came out of these revolutionary ruptures, Gal Kirn examines the implications of communism and socialism's productive relationship, the Yugoslavian 'experiment' of market socialism that marked the political and economic shift towards 'post-socialism' already in the 1960s, which crystallised new class coalitions that will later on - together with austerity politics - lead the way towards des-integration of Yugoslavia. Filling a much-needed gap in English language literature, this book's interrogation of the Yugoslav socialist experiment offers insights for left projects and democratic socialist discussions today, as well as historians of Yugoslavia and revolutionary movements.
Keywords: partisan ruptures, YUgoslav socialism, break-up, exhaustion of partisan politics, market socialism, 1965, new Yugoslavia, non-aligned movement, self-management, rise and demise of socialism, liberalism, nationalism
Published in RUNG: 19.08.2020; Views: 2941; Downloads: 0
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7.
A critique of transition studies on postsocialism, or how to rethink and reorient 1989? : the case of (post)socialist (post)Yugoslavia
Gal Kirn, 2017, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Keywords: liberal democracy, market reform, transition study, socialism, democratic movement
Published in RUNG: 19.08.2020; Views: 2444; Downloads: 0
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8.
Beyond Neoliberalism : Social Analysis after 1989
Gal Kirn, Marian Burchardt, 2017, scientific monograph

Abstract: This book explores how changes that occurred around 1989 shaped the study of the social sciences, and scrutinizes the impact of the paradigm of neoliberalism in different disciplinary fields. The contributors examine the ways in which capitalism has transmuted into a seemingly unquestionable, triumphant framework that globally articulates economics with epistemology and social ontology. The volume also investigates how new narratives of capitalism are being developed by social scientists in order to better understand capitalism’s ramifications in various domains of knowledge. At its heart, Beyond Neoliberalism seeks to unpack and disaggregate neoliberalism, and to take readers beyond the analytical limitations that a traditional framework of neoliberalism entails.
Keywords: neoliberalism, end of socialism, end of "end of history", transition discourse, end of welfare state, privatisation, deregulation
Published in RUNG: 19.08.2020; Views: 2503; Downloads: 0
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9.
The Partisan Counter-Archive: Retracing the Ruptures of Art and Memory in the Yugoslav People's Liberation Struggle.
Gal Kirn, 2020, scientific monograph

Abstract: Mere decades after the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the promise of European democracy seems to be out of joint. What has become of the once-shared memory of victory over fascism? Historical revisionism and nationalist propaganda in the post-Yugoslav context have tried to eradicate the legacy of partisan and socialist struggles, while Yugonostalgia commodifies the partisan/socialist past. It is against these dominant ‘archives’ that this book launches the partisan counter-archive, highlighting the symbolic power of artistic works that echo and envision partisan legacy and rupture. It comprises a body of works that emerged either during the people's liberation struggle or in later socialist periods, tracing a counter-archival surplus and revolutionary remainder that invents alternative protocols of remembrance and commemoration. The book covers rich (counter-)archival material – from partisan poems, graphic works and photography, to monuments and films – and ends by describing the recent revisionist un-doing of the partisan past. It contributes to the Yugoslav politico-aesthetical “history of the oppressed” as an alternative journey to the partisan past that retrieves revolutionary resources from the past for the present. "The material of this archive of anti-fascist struggle in what would become Yugoslavia bursts with vitality. Through photographs, poems, drawings, dance, and song, we live the terrors and joys of these young women and men who risked their lives for freedom. This is brilliant work, a rescue of local history passed over by official memory, that sustains an unrelenting focus on questions of right or wrong in political struggle, and it is the archival evidence that provides the answers. Kirn’s account is urgent reading, given the racialized nationalism of our time." – Susan Buck-Morss, CUNY Graduate Center  "The Partisan Counter-Archive is a politically outstanding art history. But it is also an insightful political history based on joining the dots between oppressive and emancipatory cultural narratives. The outcome of exemplary research, the book describes and explains the excision of Yugoslavia’s antifascist struggles from public memory all the way to the legitimisation of fascism in the region today. As such, this intellectual effort is highly relevant to understanding the global advance of totalitarian capitalism in the 21st century, the techniques of anti-communism and their ties to nationalism, but also the role of history-writing in countering our predicament. And a warning: this is an affective read, as the injustice perpetrated against the antifascist dead is made palpable. If you feel political anger, it is justified; and it can be used to change our history-to-be." – Angela Dimitrikaki, The University of Edinburgh
Keywords: Partisan art, memory of revolution, critique of historical revisionism, partisan surplus, Yugoslav People's Liberation Struggle, cultural empowerment, Yugoslav socialism, partisan monuments
Published in RUNG: 19.08.2020; Views: 2671; Downloads: 0
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10.
REFLECTIONS OF A VANISHED TIME : The melancholy of objects in Georgi Gospodinov’s and Orhan Pamuk’s works
Giustina Selvelli, original scientific article

Abstract: In this paper, I focus on the role played by material objects in the evocation of a specific imaginary of the recent past (mainly the 1970s and 1980s) in the literary works of Bulgarian writer Georgi Gospodinov (in the novels “The Physics of Sorrow” and “Natural Novel”) and of Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk (in “The Museum of Innocence”). I analyze the presence of feelings of melancholy and loss accompanied by a fixation on objects in the fictional works and describe their possible overcoming through an externalization in the form of museum exhibitions in the city of Sofia and Istanbul such as the “Inventory depository of Socialism” and the “Museum of Innocence”. By viewing objects as actors capable of creating meaningful social networks, I consider their use in the narration of personal and collective histories and their transformation as powerful symbols of a bygone era.
Keywords: melancholy, objects, socialism, Georgi Gospodinov, Istanbul, Orhan Pamuk, Physics of Sorrow, The Museum of Innocence
Published in RUNG: 19.06.2020; Views: 2870; Downloads: 0
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