System and method for continuous wave low power laser based synthesis of metal nano particles : patent certificate IN 512589, 2024-02-20Sankaranarayana Iyer Sankararaman
, Mohanachandran Nair Sindhu Swapna
, Abdul Rahim Sajeela Beevi Ashik
, Ramachandran Nair Amba Devi Krishnanunni
, Vadakkedathu Parameswaran Narayanan Nampoori
, 2024, patent
Abstract: This disclosure relates to synthesis of metal nanoparticles (NPs). In particular, the invention relates to methods of synthesizing metal nanoparticles using Laser. The invention relates to Laser assisted synthesis of metal nanoparticles using continuous wave low laser power in a liquid medium. The system  for synthesis of metal nanoparticles, comprises of a laser source , a mechanical chopper , a lens , a target metal , a liquid medium  and a heat source . Additionally the invention relates to laser assisted synthesis of metal nanoparticles with silver as the metal target and water as the liquid medium. The NPs produced are characterized by UV-Visible spectrophotometer, Field-emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM), Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS), and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM).Figure 1.
Keywords: cw laser, nanoparticle, method
Published in RUNG: 26.02.2024; Views: 79; Downloads: 1
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DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SUPERVISORY MODULE AS PART OF A SYSTEM FOR CONDITION MONITORING AND CONTROL OF SOLID OXIDE ELECTROLYSIS CELL SYSTEMSAmina Uglješa
, 2023, master's thesis
Abstract: Hydrogen is playing an important role in many sectors of modern economy (green vehicles, energy conversion and storage in electrical grids, processing industry). Solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) is an emerging technology for the production of hydrogen from steam and electrical energy as well as for renewable energies storage. Unfortunately, operating at high current and electrical transients cause degradation that leads to premature end of life. A remedy is to implement a hardware module capable to perform online condition monitoring and optimization of SOEC systems resulting in improved overall performance and extended lifetime. That is expected to significantly expand their deployment on the market.
However, very little has been done so far. The H2020 project REACTT seems to be one of the first attempts to build an embedded system for monitoring, diagnosis, prognostics, and control (MDPC) for SOEC system. The underlying master's thesis contributes to the REACTT project in the segment related to the supervision of different modules of the MDPC system. The supervisor module is aimed to orchestrate the operation of various functional modules (agents) such as data acquisition, system optimization, diagnosis, prognostics, and mitigation. The thesis focuses on the design of the supervisor module and its implementation on a control platform based on Raspberry Pi 4. The main contributions of the thesis are twofold. First, the dynamic operation of the supervisor modelled by using the state transition diagram (STD). Second, the code for implementation of the supervisor on the target platform done in Python in a way that complies with the requirements imposed in the project.
Keywords: supervisor, module, agent, method, solid oxide electrolysis cell system, diagnosis, prognostics, real-time optimization, Python programming, state transition diagram
Published in RUNG: 20.06.2023; Views: 838; Downloads: 13
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Two-layer hybrid sol-gel system's thermal parameters investigated with the optical nondestructive photoacoustic method in the frequency domainŁukasz Chrobak
, Mirosław Maliński
, Dorota Korte
, 2023, original scientific article
Keywords: optical spectroscopy, nondestructive testing, photoacoustic method, thermal parameters, hybrid sol-gel layers, thin film characterization
Published in RUNG: 24.05.2023; Views: 1038; Downloads: 6
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Electronic and chemical surface properties of Bi2Se3 derived compoundsZipporah Rini Benher
, doctoral dissertation
Keywords: Bismuth selenide derived compounds, surface chemical and electronic properties, topological insulators, single crystals, phase separation, inorganic bulk heterostructures, ix
Bridgman method, X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy
Published in RUNG: 16.12.2022; Views: 1350; Downloads: 21
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Numerical modelling of dendritic solidification based on phase field formulation and adaptive meshless solution procedure : dissertationTadej Dobravec
, 2021, doctoral dissertation
Abstract: The main aim of the dissertation is to develop a novel numerical approach for an accurate and computationally efficient modelling of dendritic solidification, which is one of the most commonly observed phenomena in the industrial casting of the metallic alloys. The size and the morphology of dendritic structures as well as the distribution of the solute within them critically effect the mechanical and the electro-chemical properties of the solidified material. The numerical modelling of dendritic solidification can be applied for an in-depth understanding and optimisation of the casting process under various solidification conditions and chemical compositions of the alloy under consideration.
The dendritic solidification of pure materials and dilute multi-component alloys is considered in the dissertation. The phase field formulation is applied for the modelling of dendritic solidification. The formulation is based on the introduction of the continuous phase field variable that is constant in the bulk of the solid and liquid phases. The phase field variable has a smooth transition from the value denoting the solid phase to the value denoting the liquid phase at the solid-liquid interface over the characteristic interface thickness. A phase field model yields a system of coupled non-linear parabolic partial differential equations that govern the evolution of the phase field and other thermodynamic variables.
The meshless radial basis function-generated finite-differences (RBF-FD) method is used for the spatial discretisation of the system of partial differential equations. The forward Euler scheme is applied for the temporal discretisation. Fifth-degree polyharmonic splines are used as the shape functions in the RBF-FD method. A second-order accurate RBF-FD method is achieved by augmenting the shape functions with monomials up to the second degree.
The adaptive solution procedure is developed in order to speed-up the calculations. The procedure is based on the quadtree domain decomposition of a rectangular computational domain into rectangular computational sub-domains of different sizes. Each quadtree sub-domain has its own regular or scattered distribution of computational nodes in which the RBF-FD method and the forward Euler scheme apply for the discretisation of the system of partial differential equations. The adaptive solution procedure dynamically ensures the prescribed highest density of the computational nodes at the solid-liquid interface and the lowest-possible density in the bulk of the solid and liquid phases. The adaptive time-stepping is employed to further speed-up the calculations. The stable time step in the forward Euler scheme depends on the density of the computational nodes; hence, different time steps can be used in quadtree sub-domains with different node densities.
The main originality of the present work is the use of the RBF-FD method for the thorough analysis of the impact of the type of the node distribution and the size of a local sub-domain to the accuracy when the phase field modelling of dendritic solidification for arbitrary preferential growth directions is considered. It is shown how the use of the scattered node distribution reduces the undesirable mesh-induced anisotropy effects, present when the partial differential equations are discretisied on a regular node distribution. The main advantage of the RBF-FD method for the phase field modelling of dendritic growth is the simple discretisation of the partial differential equations on the scattered node distributions. The RBF-FD method is, for the first time, used in combination with the spatial-temporal adaptive solution procedure based on the quadtree domain decomposition. The adaptive solution procedure successfully speeds-up the calculations; however, the advantages of the use of the scattered node distribution are partly compromised due to the impact of regularity in the quadtree domain decomposition.
Keywords: dendritic solidification, phase field method, meshless methods, RBF-FD, adaptive solution procedure
Published in RUNG: 07.04.2021; Views: 2806; Downloads: 133
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