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1.
Number mismatch effect and processing cataphora in a pro-drop language : the case of Slovenian
Matic Pavlič, Arthur Stepanov, 2023, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Abstract: Cataphora (also known as backward anaphora) is a type of pronominals that prcede their antecedents elinearly. Previous research on processing cataphora has explored the idea that cataphoric pronouns trigger a forward-looking active search for an antecedent to establish a coreference relation similar to a filler-gap dependency between a fronted wh-phrase and its base-generated syntactic position (Cowart & Cairns 1987). Van Gompel & Liversedge (2003) have shown that in an active search, the parser establishes a cataphoric coreference before considering pronominal phi-features. This results in a gender mismatch effect: sentences with incongruent incoming NP antecedents were more difficult to read than their congruent counterparts, as evidenced by slower reading times and eye movement regressions. In this paper, we report the results of a self-paced reading experiment in which the active search hypothesis is further tested by examining online cataphora resolution with respect to the number feature in Slovenian, a pro-drop language with a rich nominal and verbal morphology.
Keywords: cataphora, feature mismatch effect, forward-looking active search, self-paced reading, Slovenian, psycholinguistics
Published in RUNG: 16.01.2024; Views: 602; Downloads: 8
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2.
Sentence comprehension in indigenous heritage speakers' communities compared to mainland baseline
Sara Andreetta, Matic Pavlič, Penka Stateva, Arthur Stepanov, 2023, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Keywords: sentence comprehension, heritage speakers, bilingualism, Slovenian, Italian
Published in RUNG: 03.10.2023; Views: 781; Downloads: 7
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3.
Raba dvojine glede na stavčno funkcijo samostalnika in ohranjenost dvojinskih oblik v šestih slovenskih narečjih
Matic Pavlič, Arthur Stepanov, Penka Stateva, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Izvedli smo psiholingvistični eksperiment izražanja, in sicer opis slike dogodka s prehodnim stavkom na osnovi treh ključnih besed. Na ta način smo v šestih slovenskih narečjih raziskali rabo dvojinskih oblik samostalnika in glagola. Rezultate smo primerjali s tipologijo narečij glede izgube dvojine v slovenščini, ki jo predstavljajo geolingvistične karte v Jakop (2008) na osnovi podatkov iz Slovenskega lingvističnega atlasa. Ugotovili smo, da raba dvojine ni povezana z ohranjenostjo dvojinskih samostalniških oblik v jezikovnih sistemih slovenskih narečij, ampak le s stavčno funkcijo samostalnika. S slednjim smo prvič eksperimentalno potrdili domnevni vpliv (Tesnière 1925) glagolskega ujemanja na izražanje dvojine v slovenščini.
Keywords: dvojina, samostalnik, glagol, ujemanje, slovenščina, psiholingvistika
Published in RUNG: 12.06.2023; Views: 958; Downloads: 14
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4.
Jezikovno razumevanje : test sposobnosti razumevanja stavkov v slovenskem jeziku
Arthur Stepanov, Matic Pavlič, Nika Pušenjak, Penka Stateva, 2023, scientific monograph

Abstract: Test Jera, ki ga predstavlja pričujoča monografija, je prvi standardizirani test razumevanja stavkov, ki je povsem prilagojen slovenskemu jeziku. Ne gre namreč za prevod ali prilagoditev tujejezičnega testa, temveč je že zasnovan s posebno pozornostjo na lastnosti slovenskega jezika. Uporabljene stavčne strukture so izbrane na podlagi temeljite in celostne analize obstoječih teoretičnih in psiholingvističnih raziskav slovenščine ter omogočajo razločevanje med jezikovnimi primanjkljaji, izhajajočimi iz jezikovne zmožnosti in jezikovnega procesiranja. Premišljeno teoretično zasnovo testa dopolnjuje dobra uporabniška izkušnja. Testiranca skozi test, sestavljen iz nalog povezovanja stavka s sliko, ženejo všečne namensko izdelane ilustracije, testatorji pa bodo pozdravili digitalno izvedbo v obliki računalniške aplikacije z vnaprej posnetimi jezikovnimi stimuli, ki poleg pravilnosti odgovorov beleži in analizira tudi odzivne čase ter samodejno vrednoti in izpiše rezultate. Monografija izvrstno opravi zastavljeno nalogo predstavitve zasnove, izdelave in uporabe testa Jera. Jasen in pregleden prikaz teoretičnih osnov skladnje in jezikovnega procesiranja je dostopen nejezikoslovcu, ne da bi pri tem kakorkoli trpela strokovnost.
Published in RUNG: 15.05.2023; Views: 1083; Downloads: 17
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Vpliv koaktivacije italijanščine kot drugega jezika na fonološko presojanje besedišča v slovenščini kot prvem jeziku
Matic Pavlič, Sara Andreetta, Penka Stateva, Arthur Stepanov, 2022, independent scientific component part or a chapter in a monograph

Keywords: slovenščina, italijanščina, test presojanja besedišča, večjezičnost, koaktivacija jezikov
Published in RUNG: 15.11.2022; Views: 1148; Downloads: 0
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8.
Psiholingvistični vidiki procesiranja oziralnih odvisnikov v slovenščini
Matic Pavlič, Arthur Stepanov, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Osrednji cilj sodobnih psiholingvističnih raziskav sprotnega branja stavkov je odkrivanje, katere so glavne kognitivne omejitve pri uporabi skladenjskega znanja za dosego razumevanja. Ugotovljeno je bilo, da je lažje procesirati oziralne odvisnike, pri katerih je oziralno jedro povezano s skladenjskim mestom osebka, težje pa tiste, pri katerih je oziralno jedro povezano s skladenjskim mestom predmeta – hkrati pa je procesiranje sredinsko vstavljenih struktur težje od procesiranja desno vstavljenih. Obe razliki se očitno razkrijeta z metodo samotempi-ranega branja, pri katerem udeleženec na računalniškem zaslonu s pritiskanjem na tipko bere stavke besedo za besedo. S to študijo so razlike v procesiranju glede na vrsto in glede na mesto vstavljanja oziralnega odvisnika prvič obravnavane tudi v slovenščini.
Keywords: sprotno razumevanje stavkov, samotempirano branje, oziralni odvisniki
Published in RUNG: 12.02.2021; Views: 2290; Downloads: 0
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9.
How good a cue is a resumptive pronoun? Processing relative clauses in Slovenian
Matic Pavlič, Arthur Stepanov, 2020, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: We explore the time course of processing Slovenian subject and object relative clauses (SRC and ORC, respectively) and the role of resumptive pronouns (RP). Participants (adult native speakers of Slovenian, Exp1: N=37; Exp2: N=33, Exp3: N=35) read the sentences in the self-paced mode, followed by a comprehension question after each sentence. In Exp.1 we ask whether the basic SRC/ORC processing asymmetry obtains in Slovenian, despite the presence of an RP. Results: The RC verb was read longer in ORCs compared to SRCs, and postverbal NPs were read longer than preverbal NPs (Figure 1). Both observations are likely to reflect integration effects, suggesting that the presence of RP does not cancel the stand-ard SRC/ORC processing asymmetry. In Exp. 2, we ask whether this asymmetry depends on the structural position of the RC within the sentence. We manipulated RC type and structural position (center-embedded, right-peripheral), across four conditions. Results: similarly to Exp.1, a SRC/ORC asymmetry was observed at the RC verb as well as between the postverbal vs. preverbal NPs, independently of the structural position of RC. The main clause predicate was read slower in sentences with center-embedded RCs compared to those with right-peripheral RCs, in accordance of predictions of metric-based theories of integration cost. Questions following ORCs took somewhat longer to answer than those following SRCs. At the same time, all RCs were read slower in the right-peripheral position than in the center-embedded position, and questions following right-peripheral RCs were answered significantly less accurately than those following center-embedded RCs. We attribute the greater complexity associated with the right-peripheral position to availability of a competitive parse based on a pseudo-relative structures. In Exp.3, we investigate how the feature structure of an RC head and its corresponding RP may affect retrieval of the RC head with the ORC subject as a featural intervenor. Design: by crossing values for number (sg., pl.) and gender (masc.,fem.) between the RC head, RP and the ORC subject we created a continuum of feature matching across four conditions. Results: the integration effect at the RC verb was significantly greater in the conditions with non-matching gender, but not those with non-matching number, suggesting that an RP does not cancel the intervention effect caused by featural similarity, while supporting the conjecture that different patterns of processing nominal features may correlate with their grammatical status (e.g. semantic vs. morphological).
Keywords: relative clause, Slovenian, resumptive pronoun, self-paced reading, structural complexity, psycholinguistics
Published in RUNG: 02.09.2020; Views: 2672; Downloads: 0
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10.
Imajo večjezični in glasbeniki boljša ušesa?
2018, interview

Keywords: večjezičnost, glasbena izobrazba, učenje tujih jezikov
Published in RUNG: 07.06.2018; Views: 4011; Downloads: 29
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