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Children's early bilingualism and musical training influence prosodic discrimination of sentences in an unknown language
Artur Stepanov, Matic Pavlič, Penka Stateva, Anne Reboul, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: This study investigated whether early bilingualism and early musical training positively influence the ability to discriminate between prosodic patterns corresponding to different syntactic structures in otherwise phonetically identical sentences in an unknown language. In a same-different discrimination task, participants (N = 108) divided into four groups (monolingual non-musicians, monolingual musicians, bilingual non-musicians, and bilingual musicians) listened to pairs of short sentences in a language unknown to them (French). In discriminating phonetically identical but prosodically different sentences, musicians, bilinguals, and bilingual musicians outperformed the controls. However, there was no interaction between bilingualism and musical training to suggest an additive effect. These results underscore the significant role of both types of experience in enhancing the listeners' sensitivity to prosodic information.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: prosody, bilingualism, same-different task, French, musical training, acoustics, brain
Published: 10.01.2018; Views: 3335; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (271,66 KB)

The non-dominant hand perseveration and movement in SZJ locative constructions
Matic Pavlič, 2018, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: In sign languages, signers habitually encode the relations between locative arguments with a complex predicate consisting of several independent morphemes, as shown by Pfau and Aboh (2012) for Sign Language of the Netherlands. In this study, I examine perseverations and movements of the non-dominant hand (H2) in Slovenian Sign Language (SZJ) locative constructions. In SZJ, the H2may be persevered after producing the two-handed Ground in locative constructions. This is shown by the data collected from seven first language SZJ informants, using a Picture Description Task. The referential location as well as the orientation and the handshape of this perseveration may change at the sign-boundary when the one-handed Figure has just been articulated and the one-handed predicate is about to be signed. Before this sign-boundary, the handshape of the persevered H2 refers to the Ground – and is therefore a Ground classifier. After that boundary, the handshape of the persevered H2 refers to the part of the Ground that is relevant for localizing the Figure – and is therefore an axial part classifier that projects aMeasure Phrase.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: locative construction, non-dominant hand perseveration, measure phrase, Slovenian Sign Language
Published: 20.03.2018; Views: 3311; Downloads: 162
.pdf Fulltext (1,37 MB)

Spatial terms and conditions of Sign Language Agreement
Matic Pavlič, 2018, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Found in: osebi
Keywords: Slovenian Sign Language, agreement, referential location, transitives, ditransitives
Published: 17.04.2018; Views: 3234; Downloads: 155
.pdf Fulltext (236,55 KB)

How good a cue is a resumptive pronoun? Processing relative clauses in Slovenian
Matic Pavlič, Artur Stepanov, 2020, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: We explore the time course of processing Slovenian subject and object relative clauses (SRC and ORC, respectively) and the role of resumptive pronouns (RP). Participants (adult native speakers of Slovenian, Exp1: N=37; Exp2: N=33, Exp3: N=35) read the sentences in the self-paced mode, followed by a comprehension question after each sentence. In Exp.1 we ask whether the basic SRC/ORC processing asymmetry obtains in Slovenian, despite the presence of an RP. Results: The RC verb was read longer in ORCs compared to SRCs, and postverbal NPs were read longer than preverbal NPs (Figure 1). Both observations are likely to reflect integration effects, suggesting that the presence of RP does not cancel the stand-ard SRC/ORC processing asymmetry. In Exp. 2, we ask whether this asymmetry depends on the structural position of the RC within the sentence. We manipulated RC type and structural position (center-embedded, right-peripheral), across four conditions. Results: similarly to Exp.1, a SRC/ORC asymmetry was observed at the RC verb as well as between the postverbal vs. preverbal NPs, independently of the structural position of RC. The main clause predicate was read slower in sentences with center-embedded RCs compared to those with right-peripheral RCs, in accordance of predictions of metric-based theories of integration cost. Questions following ORCs took somewhat longer to answer than those following SRCs. At the same time, all RCs were read slower in the right-peripheral position than in the center-embedded position, and questions following right-peripheral RCs were answered significantly less accurately than those following center-embedded RCs. We attribute the greater complexity associated with the right-peripheral position to availability of a competitive parse based on a pseudo-relative structures. In Exp.3, we investigate how the feature structure of an RC head and its corresponding RP may affect retrieval of the RC head with the ORC subject as a featural intervenor. Design: by crossing values for number (sg., pl.) and gender (masc.,fem.) between the RC head, RP and the ORC subject we created a continuum of feature matching across four conditions. Results: the integration effect at the RC verb was significantly greater in the conditions with non-matching gender, but not those with non-matching number, suggesting that an RP does not cancel the intervention effect caused by featural similarity, while supporting the conjecture that different patterns of processing nominal features may correlate with their grammatical status (e.g. semantic vs. morphological).
Found in: osebi
Keywords: relative clause, Slovenian, resumptive pronoun, self-paced reading, structural complexity, psycholinguistics
Published: 02.09.2020; Views: 1808; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (182,37 KB)

Kako otrok z okvaro sluha usvoji jezik?
Matic Pavlič, dictionary, encyclopaedia, lexicon, manual, atlas, map

Abstract: Starši, vzgojitelji in zdravniki gluhih otrok so si edini: želijo jih pripraviti za samostojno življenje in jih čim bolj vključiti v družbo. Ta želja je plemenita, vendar pa je vključevanje lahko uspešno le, če pri njem upoštevamo zakonitosti jezikovnega razvoja. V tem priročniku boste izvedeli: kaj je jezik in kako se razlikuje od drugih načinov sporazumevanja; kdaj in na kakšen način otrok usvoji jezik; kako pomemben je jezik za otrokov razvoj v najzgodnejšem obdobju; zakaj gluhi otroci pogosto zaostajajo v jezikovnem razvoju in posledično tudi v razvoju nekaterih splošnih miselnih sposobnosti; kako lahko ukrepate, da bo vaš otrok po običajni poti usvojil jezik – in se izognil zaostanku.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Usvajanje jezika, gluhota, slovenski znakovni jezik
Published: 06.11.2017; Views: 4109; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (14,03 MB)

Sign order in Slovenian Sign Language locative constructions
Matic Pavlič, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: In both sign and spoken languages, locative relations tend to be encoded within constructions that display the non-basic word/sign order. In addition, in such an environment, sign languages habitually use a distinct predicate type – a classifier predicate – which may independently affect the order of constituents in the sentence. In this paper, I present Slovenian Sign Language (SZJ) locative constructions, in which (i) the argument that enables spatial anchoring (“ground”) precedes both the argument that requires spatial anchoring (“figure”) and the predicate. At the same time, (ii) the relative order of the figure with respect to the predicate depends on the type of predicate employed: a non-classifier predicate precedes the figure, while a classifier predicate only comes after the figure.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: locative construction, locative adposition, figure and ground, classifier predicate, Slovenian Sign Language
Published: 06.11.2017; Views: 3379; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,21 MB)

Sharing space is Slovenian Sign Language (SZJ)
Matic Pavlič, 2015, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: In this paper my aim is to introduce Slovenian Sign Language (henceforth SZJ), provide evidence for the sublexical structure of SZJ signs and classify SZJ verbs with regard to their place of articulation. Using Picture Description Task methodology (Volterra et al. 1984) I interviewed seven SZJ native deaf signers and defined two main verb classes: those that are signed on the body and those that are not. According to the tradition of sign languages research (Padden 1983 for American Sign Language) they can be termed as body-anchored, non-agreeing or plain verbs and space-anchored or agreeing verbs, respectively. SZJ body-anchored verbs cannot adjust their place of articulation to the place of articulation of their arguments while SZJ space-anchored verbs move between two distinct loci in signing space adjusting the starting and the ending point of this movement to places where two of their arguments are articulated. I analyze this process as an overt verb-argument agreement and justify SZJ space-anchored verbs as agreeing verbs. I also consider non-manual agreement markings such as eye-gaze, head- and body-lean and show that these markings accompany space-anchored verbs more often than body-anchored verbs. Furthermore, I distinguish a subclass of SZJ verbs that are signed in one locus in space (usually on the non-dominant hand). I examine whether such verbs express agreement overtly or not. I conclude that they do because it shares the very same place of articulation with all of its arguments that are not body-anchored signs.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: agreement, Slovenian Sign Language, plain and agreeing verbs
Published: 06.11.2017; Views: 4032; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (8,83 MB)

O dvopredmetni dajalniški strukturi v slovenskem znakovnem jeziku
Matic Pavlič, 2015, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: Glagoli slovenskega znakovnega jezika, ki oddajo tri udeleženske vloge, lahko izrazijo ujemanje le z dvema argumentoma. Ujemalna shema teh glagolov se razlikuje glede na to, ali je nepremi predmet obvezen ali neobvezen del njihove argumentne strukture. Gibanje glagolov z obveznim nepremim predmetom se začenja v kretalnem prostoru osebka in končuje v kretalnem prostoru nepremega predmeta – s čimer je izraženo ujemanje s tema dvema argumentoma. Gibanje glagolov z neobveznim nepremim predmetom se začne v kretalnem prostoru osebka in konča v kretalnem prostoru premega predmeta – s čimer je izraženo ujemanje, ki je sicer značilno za prehodne glagole.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: dvopredmetnost, slovenski znakovni jezik, ujemanje, argumentna struktura
Published: 07.11.2017; Views: 3164; Downloads: 212
.pdf Fulltext (1,01 MB)

The parameters that set word order in Slovenian Sign Language
Matic Pavlič, 2015, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: The field of word order (WO) research in oral languages was opened with Greenberg (1963), who discovered that possible WOs are not evenly distributed in his sample of 30 languages. Linguists have ever since struggled to find out how do prevalent WOs emerge in the human brain (for the overview see Kemmerer 2012), how they are derived (for the overview see Dryer and Haspelmath 2013) and acquired (for the overview see Franck et al. 2013). According to Generative Grammar, basic WO is an output of the Head parameter (Chomsky 1981) and the Binarity principle (Kayne 1984). It reflects most transparently in the pragmatically unmarked surface order of subject, object and verb. The research on WO in sign languages (for the overview see Leeson and Saeed 2012) focused on exceptions, that may be triggered by modality specific factors: spacial verb-argument agreement, semantic reversibility and iconicity. In this paper I provide the first description of Slovenian Sign Language (SZJ) arguing that its basic WO is SVO. I examine overt agreement and semantic reversibility and conclude, that these phenomena do not affect WO in SZJ. In the second part, I discuss non-basic SZJ WO that appears in role-shifting and classffer constructions due to the presence of verb-incorporated object classffers. All examples are from SZJ, elicited from L1 SZJ signers by Picture Description Task (see Volterra et al. 1984).
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Word order, Slovenian Sign Language, classifier predicate
Published: 07.11.2017; Views: 3953; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (452,39 KB)

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