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91.
Search for ultra-high-energy neutrinos with the Telescope Array surface detector
Mitsuhiro Abe, R. U. Abbasi, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. Allen, R. Azuma, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, D. R. Bergman, S. A. Blake, Jon Paul Lundquist, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: We present an upper limit on the flux of ultra-high-energy down-going neutrinos for E > 10^18 eV derived with the nine years of data collected by the Telescope Array surface detector (05-11-2008– 05-10-2017). The method is based on the multivariate analysis technique, so-called Boosted Decision Trees (BDT). Proton-neutrino classifier is built upon 16 observables related to both the properties of the shower front and the lateral distribution function.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...neutrinos, pattern recognition, UHECR, cosmic rays...
Keywords: neutrinos, pattern recognition, UHECR, cosmic rays
Published: 29.04.2020; Views: 1133; Downloads: 40
URL Fulltext (0,00 KB)
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92.
Energy response of ISS-CREAM calorimeter with attenuation effect
J. P. Lundquist, H.G. Zhang, 2020, other component parts

Abstract: The NASA mission, Cosmic Ray Energetic And Mass experiment for the International Space Station (ISS-CREAM) is to measure individual cosmic-ray particle energy spectra from protons to iron nuclei, with an energy range from ~1 TeV to the so-called "knee", near 1015eV. Energies of cosmic-ray particles are measured from electromagnetic showers induced by particles in the calorimeter. As a pioneer mission, the balloon-borne CREAM instrument has successfully flown seven times over the Antarctica for a cumulative exposure of 191 days. The CREAM calorimeter has shown sufficient capability to measure energies of cosmic-ray particles by capturing the electromagnetic shower profile within the interested energy range. The ISS-CREAM calorimeter is expected to have a similar performance and, before it was launched, an engineering-unit calorimeter was shipped to CERN for a full beam test. The full performance test includes position, energy, and angle scans of electron and pion beams together with a high voltage scan for calibration and characterization. In addition to the regular analysis for performance test, we also applied an additional step to generate the universal energy responses by correcting the attenuation effect in the calorimeter readout. The general energy responses could be obtained after shifting the incident beam positions to a reference position near the center of the calorimeter, which provided improved energy resolutions. The result of this analysis will be used to determine the incident energies of the cosmic-ray particles in the flight data.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...The NASA mission, Cosmic Ray Energetic And Mass experiment for the... ...cosmic rays, high-energy, particle physics, detectors...
Keywords: cosmic rays, high-energy, particle physics, detectors
Published: 29.04.2020; Views: 1092; Downloads: 49
.pdf Fulltext (2,54 MB)

93.
Search for point sources of ultra-high-energy photons with the Telescope Array surface detector
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: The surface detector (SD) of the Telescope Array (TA) experiment allows us to detect indirectly photons with energies of the order of 10^18 eV and higher, and to separate photons from the cosmic ray background. In this paper, we present the results of a blind search for point sources of ultra-high-energy (UHE) photons in the Northern sky using the TA SD data. The photon-induced extensive air showers are separated from the hadron-induced extensive air shower background by means of a multivariate classifier based upon 16 parameters that characterize the air shower events. No significant evidence for the photon point sources is found. The upper limits are set on the flux of photons from each particular direction in the sky within the TA field of view, according to the experiment’s angular resolution for photons. The average 95 per cent confidence level upper-limits for the point-source flux of photons with energies greater than 10^18, 10^18.5, 10^19, 10^19.5 and 10^20 eV are 0.094, 0.029, 0.010, 0.0073 and 0.0058 km−2yr−1, respectively. For energies higher than 10^18.5 eV, the photon point-source limits are set for the first time. Numerical results for each given direction in each energy range are provided as a supplement to this paper.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...higher, and to separate photons from the cosmic ray background. In this paper, we present... ...methods: data analysis, cosmic rays, gamma-rays: general...
Keywords: methods: data analysis, cosmic rays, gamma-rays: general
Published: 29.04.2020; Views: 1089; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,05 MB)

94.
Air Shower Detection by Bistatic Radar
J. P. Lundquist, M. Abou Bakr Othman, 2011, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: Progress in the field of high‐energy cosmic rays is currently limited by the rarity of the most interesting rays striking the Earth. Indeed, the continuation of the field beyond the current generation of observatories may become financially and practically impossible if new ways are not found to achieve remote coverage over large portions of the Earth’s surface. We describe the development of an observatory based on such a new technique: the remote sensing via bistatic radar technology of cosmic ray induced extensive air showers. We build on pilot studies performed by MARIACHI which have demonstrated that air shower radar echoes are detectable, the opportunity afforded by the location of the Northern Hemisphere’s largest “conventional” cosmic ray observatory (The Telescope Array) in radio‐quiet western Utah, and the donation of analog television transmission equipment to this effort by a local television station.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...Progress in the field of high‐energy cosmic rays is currently limited by the rarity...
Keywords: UHECR, Remote sensing, Television broadcasting, Cosmic rays, General procedures and instrumentation, Radar telescopes
Published: 29.04.2020; Views: 1064; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (4,99 MB)

95.
The Cosmic Ray Energy Spectrum between 2 PeV and 2 EeV Observed with the TALE Detector in Monocular Mode
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: We report on a measurement of the cosmic ray energy spectrum by the Telescope Array Low-Energy Extension (TALE) air fluorescence detector (FD). The TALE air FD is also sensitive to the Cherenkov light produced by shower particles. Low-energy cosmic rays, in the PeV energy range, are detectable by TALE as Cherenkov events. Using these events, we measure the energy spectrum from a low energy of ~2 PeV to an energy greater than 100 PeV. Above 100 PeV, TALE can detect cosmic rays using air fluorescence. This allows for the extension of the measurement to energies greater than a few EeV. In this paper, we describe the detector, explain the technique, and present results from a measurement of the spectrum using ~1000 hr of observation. The observed spectrum shows a clear steepening near 10^17.1 eV, along with an ankle-like structure at 10^16.2 eV. These features present important constraints on the origin of galactic cosmic rays and on propagation models. The feature at 10^17.1 eV may also mark the end of the galactic cosmic ray flux and the start of the transition to extragalactic sources.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...light produced by shower particles. Low-energy cosmic rays, in the PeV energy range, are detectable...
Keywords: astroparticle physics, cosmic rays, UHECR, energy spectrum
Published: 30.04.2020; Views: 1136; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (4,40 MB)

96.
Study of muons from ultrahigh energy cosmic ray air showers measured with the Telescope Array experiment
J. P. Lundquist, R.U. Abbasi, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: One of the uncertainties in the interpretation of ultrahigh energy cosmic ray data comes from the hadronic interaction models used for air shower Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. The number of muons observed at the ground from ultrahigh energy cosmic ray–induced air showers is expected to depend upon the hadronic interaction model. One may therefore test the hadronic interaction models by comparing the measured number of muons with the MC prediction. In this paper, we present the results of studies of muon densities in ultrahigh energy extensive air showers obtained by analyzing the signal of surface detector stations which should have high muon purity. The muon purity of a station will depend on both the inclination of the shower and the relative position of the station. In seven years’ data from the Telescope Array experiment, we find that the number of particles observed for signals with an expected muon purity of ∼65% at a lateral distance of 2000 m from the shower core is 1.72± 0.10(stat)±0.37(syst) times larger than the MC prediction value using the QGSJET II-03 model for proton-induced showers. A similar effect is also seen in comparisons with other hadronic models such as QGSJET II-04, which shows a 1.67±0.10±0.36 excess. We also studied the dependence of these excesses on lateral distances and found a slower decrease of the lateral distribution of muons in the data as compared to the MC, causing larger discrepancy at larger lateral distances.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...UHECR, cosmic rays, muons, particle physics...
Keywords: UHECR, cosmic rays, muons, particle physics
Published: 30.04.2020; Views: 1032; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (2,16 MB)

97.
Search for correlations between the arrival directions of IceCube neutrino events and ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays detected by the Pierre Auger Observatory and the Telescope Array
J. P. Lundquist, M. G. Aartsen, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents the results of different searches for correlations between very high-energy neutrino candidates detected by IceCube and the highest-energy cosmic rays measured by the Pierre Auger Observatory and the Telescope Array. We first consider samples of cascade neutrino events and of high-energy neutrino-induced muon tracks, which provided evidence for a neutrino flux of astrophysical origin, and study their cross-correlation with the ultrahigh-energy cosmic ray (UHECR) samples as a function of angular separation. We also study their possible directional correlations using a likelihood method stacking the neutrino arrival directions and adopting different assumptions on the size of the UHECR magnetic deflections. Finally, we perform another likelihood analysis stacking the UHECR directions and using a sample of through-going muon tracks optimized for neutrino point-source searches with sub-degree angular resolution. No indications of correlations at discovery level are obtained for any of the searches performed. The smallest of the p-values comes from the search for correlation between UHECRs with IceCube high-energy cascades, a result that should continue to be monitored.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: UHECR, cosmic rays, neutrinos, multi-messenger physics, anisotropy
Published: 30.04.2020; Views: 1079; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (2,49 MB)

98.
Energy spectrum of ultra-high energy cosmic rays observed with the Telescope Array using a hybrid technique
J. P. Lundquist, T. Abu-Zayyad, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: We measure the spectrum of cosmic rays with energies greater than eV with the fluorescence detectors (FDs) and the surface detectors (SDs) of the Telescope Array Experiment using the data taken in our first 2.3-year observation from May 27, 2008 to September 7, 2010. A hybrid air shower reconstruction technique is employed to improve accuracies in determination of arrival directions and primary energies of cosmic rays using both FD and SD data. The energy spectrum presented here is in agreement with our previously published spectra and the HiRes results.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Ultra-high energy cosmic rays, Telescope Array, Hybrid spectrum
Published: 30.04.2020; Views: 1210; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (267,06 KB)

99.
Correlations of the arrival directions of ultra-high energy cosmic ray with extragalactic objects as observed by the telescope array experiment
J. P. Lundquist, T. Abu-Zayyad, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: We search for correlations between the positions of extragalactic objects and the arrival directions of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) with primary energy E ≥ 40 EeV as observed by the surface detector array of the Telescope Array (TA) experiment during the first 40 months of operation. We examine several public astronomical object catalogs, including the Veron-Cetty and Veron catalog of active galactic nuclei. We count the number of TA events correlated with objects in each catalog as a function of three parameters: the maximum angular separation between a TA event and an object, the minimum energy of the events, and the maximum redshift of the objects. We determine the combination of these parameters that maximizes the correlations, and we calculate the probability of having the same levels of correlations from an isotropic distribution of UHECR arrival directions. No statistically significant correlations are found when penalties for scanning over the above parameters and for searching in several catalogs are taken into account.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...the arrival directions of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) with primary energy E ≥ 40...
Keywords: acceleration of particles, astroparticle physics, cosmic rays
Published: 19.05.2020; Views: 1131; Downloads: 67
.pdf Fulltext (779,07 KB)

100.
The surface detector array of the Telescope Array experiment
J. P. Lundquist, T. Abu-Zayyad, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: The Telescope Array (TA) experiment, located in the western desert of Utah, USA, is designed for the observation of extensive air showers from extremely high energy cosmic rays. The experiment has a surface detector array surrounded by three fluorescence detectors to enable simultaneous detection of shower particles at ground level and fluorescence photons along the shower track. The TA surface detectors and fluorescence detectors started full hybrid observation in March, 2008. In this article we describe the design and technical features of the TA surface detector.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...extensive air showers from extremely high energy cosmic rays. The experiment has a surface detector...
Keywords: Ultra-high energy cosmic rays, Telescope Array experiment, Extensive air shower array
Published: 19.05.2020; Views: 1038; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (1,81 MB)

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