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Aleksandar Kuzmanovski, 2022, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Calibration of measuring instruments in the industry is a process that is done regularly both internally by internal laboratories operating within the companies and externally by accredited external laboratories. The goal of the diploma thesis was to document and carry out the calibration process of a production line within a manufacturing plant, and to deliver a final report on the overall calibration. The result is obtained by calculating the combined uncertainty of the measurement process. As any measurement is gathered certain uncertainties are bound to influence the measurements, in our case we have three main uncertainties which are the standard uncertainty, uncertainty due to the resolution of the measuring instrument and the uncertainty from the calibration certificate from the measuring equipment that is used in the measurement process. The final combined uncertainty is calculated with the standard uncertainty which has a 68% confidence that the true value lies within that range therefore we need to expand the range to obtain a 95% confidence and we achieve this by multiplication of the combined uncertainty with the K = 2 factor.
Keywords: Metrology, calibration, adjustment, measurement errors, measurement uncertainty, measuring instruments, measuring equipment.
Published in RUNG: 05.01.2023; Views: 797; Downloads: 25
.pdf Full text (2,07 MB)

Nataša Smrekar, 2016, master's thesis

Abstract: In my master's thesis, I have focused on radon gas in 43 buildings used for different purposes (23 schools, 3 kindergartens, 16 offices and a residential house) in which preliminary measurements had shown higher concentrations of radon gas. I carried out measurements of radon and short-lived radon products whilst simultaneously employing different measurement techniques. In all 43 buildings, I measured the instantaneous concentration of radon by using scintillation cells; in 18 buildings, I additionally measured the average concentration of radon by using solid state nuclear track detectors and in 10 buildings, I measured concentration retrospectively with solid state nuclear track detectors. In four selected buildings (a school, a kindergarten, an office and a residential house), I carried out the measurements by using all of the available equipment. I monitored the daily fluctuations of concentration of radon and short-lived radon products by using continuous monitors in 14 buildings. This is how I obtained the factor of radioactive equilibrium between radon and its short-lived products. Based on the results obtained, I calculated the effective doses. As the basis for calculating the doses, I used the instantaneous and average concentrations of radon and the equilibrium factor taken from literature (0.40) or own measurements. I compared the doses and critically evaluated them. In contrast to the previous research, I researched radon exclusively in areas with increased risk for radon. I studied the influence of the working regime on the concentration of radon in different working environments (i.e. a school, a kindergarten and an office).
Keywords: Radon, short-lived radon products, measurement technique, scintillation cell, solid-state nuclear track detector, retrospective detector, equilibrium factor, effective dose, comparison.
Published in RUNG: 28.09.2016; Views: 5624; Downloads: 277
.pdf Full text (1,86 MB)

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