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Looking for a topological insulator in the tetradymite family
Matjaž Valant, Paolo Moras, P. M. Sheverdyaeva, Mattia Fanetti, Zipporah Rini Benher, Sandra Gardonio, 2019, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: Materials that are topological insulators (TI) manifest a novel state for their electrons. They possess topological surface states that are not destroyed by the presence of non-magnetic impurities on their surfaces. This unique property lies in the bulk band structure and it is typically found in narrow gap semiconductor with strong spin-orbit coupling. Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3 belong to the class of compounds called tetradymites and are considered as the 3D-prototypical TI materials. However, these compounds are not usually insulators but have metallic bulk conductivity as a consequence of intrinsic defect doping: vacancies and anti-site defects. For these reasons, it is difficult to electrically gate these materials for the manipulation and control of charge carriers for realizing devices. This led to the search for other topological materials, which might have better insulating behavior in their bulk. Theoretical studies have pointed out that ternary variants of the Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3, such as Bi2Te2Se, Bi2Te2S, Bi2Se2S Sb2Te2Se and Sb2Te2S, should be stable TIs and potentially offer a chemical way to control TI behavior, in particular by lowering native doping. Among the cited ternary compounds, Bi2Se2S should manifest a genuine topological spin-transport regime hosting an isolated Dirac cone with the Dirac point in the gap as well. However, it has been poorly studied from the TI experimental perspective. Therefore, to uncover the full potential of the predicted topological electronic properties of the Bi-Se-S system, in this presentation we will revisit the crystallographic and electronic structure of Bi2Se3-Bi2S3 solid solutions. The combined use of bulk and surface sensitive techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) was applied to analyze single crystal samples grown by us. The quality of the single crystals was suitable for rigorous measurement of the electronic properties by means of Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy. We unambiguously showed that within a certain solid solution range, the single crystals of Bi-Se-S have a rombohedral structure with the topological surface states as theoretically predicted.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...full potential of the predicted topological electronic properties of the Bi-Se-S system, in this presentation...
Keywords: topological insulators, ternary tetradymite, electronic properties.
Published: 19.12.2019; Views: 2414; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (6,45 MB)

Effects of a Mixed O/F Ligand in the Tavorite-Type LiVPO4O Structure
Sorour Semsari Parapari, Jean-Marcel Ateba Mba, Elena Tchernychova, Gregor Mali, Iztok Arčon, Gregor Kapun, Mehmet Ali Gülgün, Robert Dominko, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: We report the synthesis and detailed structural and chemical characterization including electrochemical properties of a lithium vanadium oxy/fluoro-phosphate material. To the best of our knowledge, we have for the first time synthesized a LiVPO4O-type phase with a mixed O/F ligand. In the synthesis procedure, the LiVPO4O precursor compound was fluorinated via LiF incorporation, with preservation of the LiVPO4O framework structure. The operating potential of the synthesized material is increased compared to that of the LiVPO4O precursor (4.12 V vs 3.95 V versus metallic lithium, respectively). The related increase in operating potential was assigned to the effect of the intermixing O/F ligand, which is attained via the successful fluorine incorporation into the LiVPO4O structure. A characterization of the investigated materials was performed using microscale-covering XRD, XANES, and NMR techniques as well as nanoscale spatially resolved imaging and analytical STEM techniques. The obtained oxy/fluoro-phosphate phase is isostructural to LiVPO4O; however, the presence of the mixed O/F ligand promoted a higher symmetry of vanadium octahedra. These variations of the vanadium local environment along with the observed inhomogeneous distribution of the incorporated fluorine gave rise to the minor local deviations in vanadium valence. Our results clearly emphasize the connection among the fluorine ligand incorporation, its local distribution, and the electrochemical properties of the material.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...d detailed structural and chemical characterization including electrochemical properties of a lithium vanadium oxy/fluoro-phosphate material. To the...
Keywords: LiVPO4O, XRD, SEM, V XANES, Tavorite-Type, electrochemical properties
Published: 17.02.2020; Views: 1852; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (3,11 MB)

Applications of Chitosan as Food Packaging Materials
Manuel Vazquez, Patricia Cazón, 2019, review, book review, critique

Abstract: The interest in biopolymers has increased due to the depletion of the fossil fuel reserve and the environmental impact caused by the accumulation of non-biodegradable plastic-based packaging materials. Many biopolymers have been developed from food waste products to reduce this waste and, at the same time, to obtain new food packaging materials. Chitosan is thus an alternative to synthetic polymers, and a raw material for new materials. To assess the suitability of a material as a food packaging material, it is necessary to study their mechanical and permeability properties. Mechanical properties allow to predict the behaviour of films during transportation, handling and storage of packaged foods. Barrier properties play a key role in maintaining the food product quality. Properties values depend on the type of chitosan used. Mechanical and barrier properties of pure chitosan films are suitable for food packaging and active packaging. These properties can be modified by combining chitosan with other components such as plasticizers, other polysaccharides, proteins and lipids. These combinations adapt the properties of the final polymer to the needs of the food to extend its useful life, while maintaining quality properties of the food and the biodegradability of the polymer. Chitosan displays antimicrobial activity against a wide range of foodborne filamentous fungi, yeast, and gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. This antimicrobial property and film-forming capacity has made chitosan the reference polymer to develop active packaging with the ability to inhibit the growth of microorganisms and improve food safety. Regarding the optical properties, pure chitosan films in the visible range show high transmittance values, being optically transparent films. This is an important parameter related to the acceptability of the films by the consumer. In addition, chitosan-based films exhibit remarkable UV absorbance, which allows to protect food from lipid oxidations induced by UV radiation.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...necessary to study their mechanical and permeability properties. Mechanical properties allow to predict the behaviour...
Keywords: Film, Mechanical properties, Barrier properties, Antimicrobial, UV protect, Active food packaging
Published: 14.12.2020; Views: 1314; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (701,19 KB)

Electronic properties of phases in the quasi-binary Bi[sub]2Se[sub]3-Bi[sub]2S[sub]3 system
Zipporah Rini Benher, Sandra Gardonio, Mattia Fanetti, Paolo Moras, Asish K. Kundu, Chiara Bigi, Matjaž Valant, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: We explored the properties of the quasi-binary Bi2Se3–Bi2S3 system over a wide compositional range. X-ray diffraction analysis demonstrates that rhombohedral crystals can be synthesized within the solid solution interval 0–22 mol% Bi2S3, while at 33 mol% Bi2S3 only orthorhombic crystals are obtained. Core level photoemission spectroscopy reveals the presence of Bi3+, Se2− and S2− species and the absence of metallic species, thus indicating that S incorporation into Bi2Se3 proceeds prevalently through the substitution of Se with S. Spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy shows that topological surface states develop on the surfaces of the Bi2Se3−ySy (y ≤0.66) rhombohedral crystals, in close analogy with the prototypical case of Bi2Se3, while the orthorhombic crystals with higher S content turn out to be trivial semiconductors. Our results connect unambiguously the phase diagram and electronic properties of the Bi2Se3–Bi2S3 system.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: topological insulator, quasi-binary Bi2Se3-Bi2S3 system, electronic properties
Published: 29.03.2021; Views: 1040; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (4,69 MB)

Silica coated Bi[sub]2Se[sub]3 topological insulator nanoplatelets
Matjaž Valant, Mattia Fanetti, Sandra Gardonio, Slavko Kralj, Sebastjan Nemec, Blaž Belec, Nina Kostevšek, 2021, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...topological insulator, optical properties, topological surface states, silica-coated...
Keywords: topological insulator, optical properties, topological surface states, silica-coated
Published: 27.09.2021; Views: 873; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (23,68 MB)

The role of substrate on thermal evolution of Ag/TiO[sub]2 nanogranular thin films
Vincenzo Balzano, Emanuele Cavaliere, Mattia Fanetti, Sandra Gardonio, Luca Gavioli, 2021, original scientific article

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...nanogranular composite thin film, substrate driven properties, morphology, optical absorption, Ag/TiO2...
Keywords: nanogranular composite thin film, substrate driven properties, morphology, optical absorption, Ag/TiO2
Published: 03.12.2021; Views: 536; Downloads: 35
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