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1.
Iron phosphides as efficient electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution and energy conversion : abstract
Saim Emin, Takwa Chouki, 2021, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: Transition metal phosphides have been demonstrated as outstanding multifunctional catalysts in a broad range of energy conversion technologies. We developed a solvothermal synthesis approach for iron phosphide electrocatalystsusing a low-cost phosphorus precursor.The synthetic protocol allows for the preparation of a Fe2P phase at 300°C and FeP phase at 350°C. The obtained compounds were coated on conductive substrates to prepare catalysts thin films. Here, we exploited different phases of iron phosphide as counter electrodes (CEs) in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with an I−/I3− based electrolyte [2]. The solar-to-current conversion efficiency of the solar cells assembled with the Fe2P material reached 3.96±0.06%,which is comparable to the device assembled with a platinum (Pt) CE. In addition to DSSC applications, the iron phosphides were used as electrocatalyst for H2 evolution (Fig. 1). To enhance the catalytic activities of obtained iron phosphide particles, heat-treatments were carried out at elevated temperatures.Annealing at 500°C induced structural changes in the samples: (i) Fe2P provided a pure Fe3P phase (Fe3P−500°C) and (ii) FeP transformed into a mixture of iron phosphide phases (Fe2P/FeP−500°C). The electrocatalytic activities for H2 evolution of heat-treated catalysts were studied in 0.5 M sulfuric acid (H2SO4). The HER activities of the iron phosphide catalyst were found to be phase dependent. The lowest recorded overpotential of 110 mV at 10 mA cm−2 vs. a reversible hydrogen electrode was achieved with Fe2P/FeP−500°C catalyst. The developed procedure is an elegant approach to tune the composition of iron phosphide catalyst and control the morphology of particles.
Keywords: Iron phosphides electrocatalyst hydrogen evolution energy conversion
Published in RUNG: 06.02.2023; Views: 1288; Downloads: 0
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2.
A pyrrolopyridazinedione-based copolymer for fullerene-free organic solar cells
Astrid-Caroline Knall, Samuel Rabensteiner, Sebastian F. Hoefler, Matiss Reinfelds, Mathias Hobisch, Heike M. A. Ehmann, Nadiia Pastukhova, Egon Pavlica, Gvido Bratina, Illie Hanzu, Shuguang Wen, Renqiang Yang, Gregor Trimmel, Thomas Rath, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: The recent success of non-fullerene acceptors in organic photovoltaics also entails a change in the requirements to the polymer donor in terms of optical and morphological properties leading to a demand for novel conjugated polymers. Herein, we report on the synthesis of a 1,4-bis-(thiophene-2-yl)-pyrrolopyridazinedione based copolymer with 2-ethylhexyl substituents on the pyrrolopyridazinedione moiety. A 2D conjugated benzodithiophene (BDT) was chosen as comonomer. The resulting copolymer T-EHPPD-T-EHBDT showed a molecular weight of 10.2 kDa, an optical band gap of 1.79 eV, a hole mobility of 1.8 × 10−4 cm2 V−1 s−1 and a preferred face-on orientation with regard to the substrate. The comparably wide band gap as well as the determined energy levels (HOMO: −5.47 eV, LUMO: −3.68 eV) match well with the narrow band gap non-fullerene acceptor ITIC-F, which was used as the acceptor phase in the bulk heterojunction absorber layers in the investigated solar cells. The solar cells, prepared in inverted architecture, revealed power conversion efficiencies up to 7.4% using a donor:acceptor ratio of 1 : 1 in the absorber layer.
Keywords: non-fullerene solar cells, charge transport, charge mobility, power conversion efficiency
Published in RUNG: 27.01.2021; Views: 2872; Downloads: 0
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International Conference on Functional Nanomaterials and Nanodevices
Saim Emin, Dominik Eder, Polina Mladenova, 2018, other monographs and other completed works

Keywords: energy conversion, catalysis, nanomaterials, nanobiotechnologies
Published in RUNG: 17.09.2018; Views: 4799; Downloads: 0
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