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Mobility media : an archaeology of the photographic ID document
Eszter Polónyi, 2023, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: Mobility, in the sense of freedom of persons choosing to move or reside in a state in which they have no prior citizenship, was one of the four original “freedoms” defined in the treaty that ratified European Union member states in 1957.1 In the past decade, this particular freedom, the freedom of movement, appears to have become significantly eroded. Mobility in the sense of migration, that is, mobility of persons for reasons of residency or employment, has become a point of contention among member states that it has divided more than unified, with measures affecting immigrants, refugees and asylum seekers featuring at the core of recent electoral agendas. Certain member states’ deterrence of the mobility of migrants from outside the EU has resulted in the return to protocols and practices of controlling movement into and out of sovereign territories, among the most conspicuous of which has been the re-establishment of a – by now largely defunct – network of nation-state borders. And while the reappearance of new walls, barricades and barbed wiring alongside certain nation-state borders since the mid-2010s have made headlines, there have been other measures with less press and physical visibility that have been set in place to manage and enforce mobility.2 The photographic identity document, meaning a document of state-issued identity certification, has become one such mobility management measure.
Keywords: cultural history, migration studies, history of art, history of visual culture, media archaeology, media studies
Published in RUNG: 12.02.2024; Views: 669; Downloads: 0
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Imaginary:Hospitality : Atithi:Deva
Abiral Khadka, 2023, artistic work

Abstract: The imaginaries of hospitality have been changing ever since people were moving places, migrating – meeting, welcoming and leaving each other. A famous Sanskrit verse equals guest to God. *** A musical album of reflections by: Heidrun Friese (Germany/Italy), Rim Trad (Lebanon), Eva Ann Wanjiku Chege (Kenya), Simay Abay (Turkey), Matias Olesi Pasulani (Malawi), Frida Stephany Yee Salas (Mexico), Negera Gudeta Adula (Ethiopia), Winnie Wothaya Murigu (Kenya). 01_othering (05:12) 02_visualising movement (02:51) 03_relating the other (04:25) 04_worlding hospitality (03:26) 05_creating mobility (03:07) 06_instrumentalizing (03:45) *** The project is a part of the 2023 POSTMOBILITY programme within Special thanks to dr. Heidrun Friese, and to the abovenamed students of EMMIR, the European Master in Migration and Intercultural Relations *** Original music score and sound editing: Abiral Khadka (Joondroid) Artistic research and performative conception: pETER Purg
Keywords: mobility, migration, hospitality, imaginary, guest, god
Published in RUNG: 15.11.2023; Views: 940; Downloads: 25
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My Sister Who Travels
Martina Caruso, exhibition catalogue

Abstract: This exhibition offers the viewer new perspectives on this genre, through the landscapes in the work of six women artists. Landscape art is often considered in Romantic terms. Human analogies between the concrete world and the inner world are frequently drawn, and the open space of the land can be seen as a space for imagining, for thinking freely. But these public spaces are also contested sites, layered with histories and the implicit legacies of control, power, occupation and exclusion.
Keywords: landscape photography, history of photography, 19th century, 20th century, 21st century, women, gender, Mediterranean, video art, Halida Boughriet, Corinne Silva, Paola Yacoub, Noor Abed, Jananne Al-Ani, Ursula Schulz-Dornburg, Esther Boise Van Deman, migration, capitalism, patriarchy
Published in RUNG: 13.01.2023; Views: 1349; Downloads: 0
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Mobility Media: an Archaeology of Identity Photography through Science, Art and Visual Culture
Eszter Polonyi, invited lecture at foreign university

Abstract: In an era of total surveillance, being in possession of a biometric ID document can still result in denial of one’s basic civil protections and human rights. The discovery of systematic errors in state-implemented facial recognition programs—such as in recognizing faces of color (Joy Buolamwini)—suggests the failure of current practices of global intelligence and mobility. This paper offers an archaeological investigation of the contemporary photo ID document. Returning to its invention in the 1920s, it examines the issues of conjectural knowledge (Carl Ginzburg), embodiment or tact (Béla Balázs) and the optical unconscious (Walter Benjamin) behind early “physiognomic” media.
Keywords: History of Science, History of Visual Culture, History of Art, History of Photography, Migration
Published in RUNG: 13.01.2023; Views: 1102; Downloads: 0
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The coded literary discourse of the Senjam Song Festival of Benečija
Ana Toroš, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: The following article discusses the poetic output in Beneška Slovenia (Benečija) written for the Senjam Song Festival of Benečija. While considering the context of the region’s history and migrations, it focuses on the literary aspects of the festival, particularly on the analysis of the themes and the poetry writing technique. It builds on certain theoretical premises from literary imagology and psychoanalysis. The subject of the analysis are the lyrics from the period between 1971 and 2012, published in a three-volume collection featuring over 150 authors. The article notes the following most prevalent themes: issues of assimilation, migration, and the dying of villages in Benečija. Categorised by basic mood, they fall under one of two extremes: they are either cheerful and humorous in order to encourage and bring joy and hope to the Slovenes of Benečija; or they are pervaded with deep pain and concern over the situation in their region. The lyrics of the latter use a particular writing technique, which merely hints at the pressures of assimilation, conveying them through images and metaphors.
Keywords: Benečija, migration, poetry, minority, trauma
Published in RUNG: 04.07.2022; Views: 1253; Downloads: 0
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Raspredelenie predprinimatel'skih sposobnostej i migracija : struktura zanjatosti, neravenstvo dohodov i blagosostojanie
D. A. Pokrovskij, Alexander Shapoval, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The authors define a general equilibrium model with heterogeneous individuals who are endowed with identical preferences, given by the utility function with constant elasticity of substitution (CES), and with heterogeneous entrepreneurial skills. We find that scale effects linked to migration can be analyzed within the framework of the constructed model because the migration changes the market size together with a market structure. A population growth due to immigration of low-qualified individuals ambiguously affects the share of reciprocal to entrepreneurial   and the inequality in the economy. If the distribution of the inverse entrepreneurial skills has an increasing (decreasing, constant) elasticity, then   decreases (increases, and does not change) and the Gini coefficient increases (decreases and does not change).
Keywords: monopolistic competition, heterogeneous consumers, entrepreneurship, migration, income inequality, welfare
Published in RUNG: 10.06.2021; Views: 1991; Downloads: 0
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Literary links between Trieste and Buenos Aires during the first half of the 20th century
Ana Toroš, 2017, published scientific conference contribution abstract

Abstract: The article ventures into the field of Slovene and Friulian migration to Argentina at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, speaking up on migration from the Brda region and its environs. It is a hilly and wine-growing region which was under Austro-Hungarian rule during the end of the 19th century, but after WWI the Kingdom of Italy was given the reins. Nowadays, the region is divided between Slovenia (the Goriška region) and Italy (the province of Gorizia). We will focus on two literarised chronicles, created based upon the transoceanic letter correspondence and the oral tradition. The first literary chronicle Un pò di cronaca famigliare Godeas ‒ Gradnik was written by Maria Samer, a female author of Italian and Friulian decent from Trieste. Her work is unpublished and has been found only recently. The second work Nepozabljena Brda was written by Oskar Reya ‒ Kozanski, a Slovene author from Brda. The article stems theoretically from literary imagology, using the comparative method to study the literary image of Argentina in both texts. While doing so, based on Kozanski’s chronicle, the article reveals the identity crisis specific to the migrants from Brda, who were existentially tied to their “native” land as a means of survival. This article also ventures into the field of literary reception, reconstructing the previously unknown Slovene-Argentinean literary and family connections based on Maria Samer’s chronicle. During the first half of the 20th century, Eduardo Dughera, an Argentinean author of Friulian descent, corresponded with his cousin Alojz Gradnik, one of Slovenia’s greatest poets and whose mother was Friulian, and Maria Samer, their cousin who translated both their works into Italian. In relation to this it is important to mention the interest the Slovene community in Argentina had for Gradnik in the 21st century.
Keywords: Friulians, migration, Brda
Published in RUNG: 20.04.2017; Views: 4354; Downloads: 0
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Megi Rožič, 2016, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: People have travelled and migrated since the early periods of history and the phenomenon of migration, defined as “the movement of large numbers of people, birds or animals from one place to another” (Oxford Advanced Dictionary, 7th ed.) has a history of hundreds of years (Pourjafari, Vahidpour, 2014) and is by no means new. But the way of travelling, migrating and mobility in contemporary reality does have many specific aspects and recently it has been studied in new ways, with new concerns. The experience of migration in the contemporary world is a fundamental characteristic of human societies. “It is a system in which the circulation of people, sources and information follows multiple paths. The energy and barriers that alter the course or deflect the contemporary patterns of movement have both obvious and hidden features. While nothing is utterly random, the consequences of change are often far from predictable” (Papastergiadis, 2000: 1). This unpredictability and multidirectionality has led to changes in approaches to the study of migration in recent decades. In the last few decades the study of migration has increasingly been accompanied by a tendency to study it on the individual level − at the level of personal life stories (Milharčič Hladnik, 2007). These are also markedly expressed in the medium of literature. The present dissertation presents literary oeuvres of seven women writers, who thematise the autobiographical experience of migration, it offers an individually, woman-centred experience and view of migration. In selected oeuvres personal views are expressed on that experience, different strategies of coping with life in new realities and regarding relationships in these environments. The thematisation of the experience of migration in selected oeuvres is also connected with a problematisation of other concepts: the concepts of belonging, borders, nation-state, culture and language. It is also vitally connected with the personal identity construction of the lyrical subjects and literary characters and also because of the autobiographical character of selected literary works of the literary artists themselves. The experience of migration in selected literary works leads to unique identity formations, which in themselves combine elements of different cultural backgrounds and traditions. In their literary works these selected women writers also shape their relationship toward time and space dimensions, tradition and interpersonal relationships through the experience of migration. The experience of migration, the relocation of the subject and a change of the geographical area in selected oeuvres, does not only represent a change of the geographical position: it also allows a deviation from other rigid and seemingly fixed and unvarying patterns and virtual realities that accompany human life. Migration can also present an alienation effect from traditionalisms and determinants that define human lives. In the literary oeuvres of these selected women writers, migration is only in part tied to the traditional concepts related to migrants, with the loss of roots and rupture with the place of origin. In the selected literary oeuvres, migrants are rarely considered to be uprooted and unable to find their anchor or confidently start a new chapter in their lives in a new environment. Migration is mostly connected with the possibility of expanding the horizon of insights and perspectives of looking at life, with the acceptance of its complexities, ambiguities and incompleteness. Mostly, the experience of migration is seen as a new, creative option, which opens and examines the wide range of other issues and dilemmas. The condition of uprooted loss has traditionally negative connotations, but in the selected oeuvres vagueness and fluidity allow a real insight into the real, complex nature of life and human existence.
Keywords: The experience of migration, women writers, Maruša Krese, Ifigenija Zagoričnik Simonović, Brina Švigelj-Mérat − Brina Svit, Gabriela Babnik, Stanislava Chrobáková Repar, Erica Johnson Debeljak, Lidija Dimkovska, literary polysystem, nomadic entity, locational feminism, fluid identity, transnationalism, transculturalism
Published in RUNG: 11.10.2016; Views: 7239; Downloads: 474
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