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1.
CAPOEIRA: CONCEPTUALIZATION AND PRESENTATION OF THE BODY
Urška Stolnik, 2015, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: This thesis is the result of twenty-one months of fieldwork among the capoeiristas in Brazil, primarily in the city of Salvador, between 2003 and 2013. Combining historical accounts with the experiences of the present, the work focuses on changes in the social perception of body and mind in both capoeira and wider society. The intricacies of society and the politics of a particular epoch are clearly reflected in this Brazilian national game: sometimes in terms of incorporation or acceptance of specific social hierarchies, and other times of exclusion or rejection of them. A tension between the black and white worlds is constantly present, as it is between the male and female ones. Even when these separate realms in different historical eras of capoeira seem to come closer, they become separated again through new forms of institutionalization. Perceived sometimes as a martial art or dance, sometimes as a game, and yet other times as a sport through which one can gain health and beauty, capoeira evades a firm and permanent definition. Such evasion resembles capoeira’s three main, cunning characteristics: malandragem (trickery), malícia (deception) and mandinga (seduction). Cunningness, as a tactic to overplay the opponent, is a means of intentional opening and closing of the body in the game. Although opening and closing might seem exclusive, they are, on the contrary, very much inseparable. They coexist in symbiosis not just at the level of a capoeirista playing the game, but also at the level of roda, academia, a capoeira group or school, at the level of capoeira as a practice, and finally, at the level of wider Brazilian society. All of these bodies are striving to be fechado (closed) and secure, but cannot accomplish that before opening themselves first. Being dexterous in the simultaneous alternation of opening and closing one’s own body is a skill that can be learnt through a long-term and continually engendered process of practice, experiences and interaction with others and the environment at large. That skill, associated with the capoeirista’s awareness of vi constant vulnerability, is closely related to learning the specific way of perceiving and responding. The capoeirista cultivates and embodies capoeiristic habitus, which emphasizes the necessity of being permanently attentive to several things at once. This is possible when all senses work together in synthesis. At that time, the capoeirista uses peripheral sight and is aware of peripheral sounds. The skill of heightened sensitivity and keen perception enables the capoeirista to negotiate between the opening and closing of his body. Opening and closing the body at the right time and taking the advantages of an unstable situation in roda can be accomplished only by simultaneous thinking and performing, which is the outcome of the incorporation of capoeira movements. The socio-economic situation of Brazilian society based on racial and gender discrimination enhances the cultivation of capoeiristic habitus and dictates the need for the acquisition of capoeiristic skills and attitudes in order to cope with, understand, and live within an unequal world. Capoeiristic habitus can also be learnt and acquired as a by-product of capoeira training. But it remains important whether the environment in which a capoeirista practises tolerates or inhibits the cultivation of capoeiristic skills.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...work focuses on changes in the social perception of body and mind in both capoeira...
Keywords: capoeira, body and mind, game, sport, movement, opened and closed society, perception, historical changes, Salvador, Brazil
Published: 22.01.2016; Views: 4411; Downloads: 257
.pdf Fulltext (4,71 MB)

2.
About Time
Una Rebić, 2016, master's thesis

Abstract: The practical work of my master project about time was carried out as processbased experiments in practice. As a result, the thesis is a combination of theoretical research taken from several fields—examining the notion of time from perspective of psychology, sociology, science and spirituality. Alongside mentioned research the thesis pairs artistic practices associated with each field discussed— considering most significant artist and his/her practice or project(s) in which they explore time. The third layer of the thesis pairs each section with my own personal practice through experiments carried out in the process—each exploring time from a different perspective. Since the thesis is the final project of the study developed within a certain time frame, the last chapter discusses how I approached this project in regard to my artistic practice.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...time, perception, On Kawara, sociology, speed, Hamish Fulton, quantum entanglement,...
Keywords: time, perception, On Kawara, sociology, speed, Hamish Fulton, quantum entanglement, arrow of time, Hiroshi Sugimoto, spirituality, consciousness, Marina Abramović, Ulay
Published: 14.09.2016; Views: 3238; Downloads: 1
.pdf Fulltext (8,39 MB)

3.
Do bilinguals and musicians have better ears?
Artur Stepanov, invited lecture at foreign university

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...bilingualism, music, perception, discrimination task, syntax...
Keywords: bilingualism, music, perception, discrimination task, syntax
Published: 16.04.2018; Views: 2430; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (493,93 KB)

4.
The perception of intonation in native and non-native linguistic contexts and by different individuals:
Alessandra Zappoli, 2019, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: This thesis addresses the cognitive foundations of categorization and acquisition of intonational categories in native (L1) and second language (L2). It focuses on the link between the processing of intonational categories and the and pragmatic functions of language. The thesis reports two behavioral psychoacoustic experiments that studied the disambiguation of sentence-modality (statement vs. question) signaled by sentence-final Boundary Tones by manipulating lexical and linguistic status of the underlying segmental information. A third ERPs experiment studied with ERPs the association of specific Pitch Accents with the discourse status of a referent in German and how different processing-correlates of PA violation are processed in L1 and L2 speakers. In all experiments, specific attention has been devoted to individual differences both at the theoretical and empirical level. I showed that perceivers can display variability in processing as a function of biographic factors, in the quantity and quality of training in a second language, and in the presence of variables related to the construct of Theory-of-Mind (ToM). I support the view that the processing of intonational categories, modulated by Fundamental Frequency contours, links with the processing of segmental information, the semantic access at word-level, and the decoding of the information structure within the discourse model. The study of processing of pitch contours is a highly multidisciplinary discipline, but the different theoretical perspectives are not always considered within specific research. I propose to approach the study of pitch processing by trying to integrate the different theoretical and empirical approaches with the aim to use the available knowledge. This broader perspective considers the auditory categorization process, the integration of the sound-domain information with higher-order linguistic structure, and the modeling of individual variability of the perceivers. I support the view that the presence of individual traits that favor the efficient decoding of the interlocutor’s perspective and intentions correlates with a more efficient processing of the discourse information structure. I propose that this is observable through the manipulation of the associated intonational categories. I think that the adoption of a multidisciplinary perspective, centered on the processing of intonational categories, and the approach developed in this thesis is relevant to develop further the study of specific populations known to display less efficient processing of the pragmatic aspects of discourse, such as individuals with Autism Spectrum Conditions.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: perception, intonation, prosody, L2 acquisition, German, Italian, pitch categorization, pitch discrimination, N400, Late Positivity, Individual Variability, ToM
Published: 06.12.2021; Views: 426; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (72,95 KB)

5.
Investigating L2 Prosody Perception
Alessandra Zappoli, unpublished conference contribution

Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: Prosody Perception
Published: 14.12.2021; Views: 362; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (170,67 KB)

6.
Learning a new intonation pattern also means learning how to use it
Alessandra Zappoli, Francesco Vespignani, Stefan Bauman, Martine Grice, Petra Schumacher, unpublished conference contribution

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...Intonation, perception, EEG, N400, Late Positivity, L2 acquisition prosody,...
Keywords: Intonation, perception, EEG, N400, Late Positivity, L2 acquisition prosody, German
Published: 14.12.2021; Views: 392; Downloads: 0
.pdf Fulltext (92,97 KB)

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