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Title:Vpliv vremena na pogostost nesreč in stopnjo poškodb na cestah
Authors:ID Bergant, Klemen (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
ID Gerbec, Petra (Author)
Files:.pdf Petra_Gerbec.pdf (2,03 MB)
MD5: 18B1C8D7312E84BA6AE9F261ABC2DBA1
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZO - Faculty of Environmental Sciences
Abstract:Prometna nesreča je posledica prepleta različnih dejavnikov kot so: psihofizično stanje voznika, tehnične značilnosti vozila, kakovost cestišča in vpliv vremena. V diplomskem delu so predstavljeni trendi prometnih nesreč na območju Ljubljane, Maribora in Nove Gorice v obdobju 1995-2014. Po letu 2006 oziroma 2007 v vseh treh krajih beležimo zmanjševanje števila prometnih nesreč. Pri letnem hodu je opazno najnižje število prometnih nesreč julija in avgusta, največ pa se jih zgodi oktobra. Med tednom se največ prometnih nesreč zgodi v petek, medtem ko jih je najmanj v nedeljo. Glavni namen dela je bil proučiti povezavo med vremenom in številom prometnih nesreč ter njihovimi posledicami. Pri opisu podatkov in povezav med njimi smo si pomagali z aritmetično sredino, drsečimi sredinami in Pearsonovim korelacijskim koeficientom. Za oceno letnega, tedenskega in Luninega cikla smo si pomagali s periodogramom. Za ugotovitev dejanskega vpliva spremenljivosti vremena smo dnevnemu številu nesreč odšteli značilni letni in tedenski hod, meteorološkim spremenljivkam pa značilni letni hod. Ugotovili smo, da vreme ni glavni dejavnik tveganja za prometne nesreče saj se okrog 80 % nesreč zgodi v jasnem in oblačnem vremenu. Med vremenskimi vplivi so najpomembnejše padavine. Zaznali smo tudi vpliv trajanja sončnega obsevanja, hitrosti vetra, dnevnega zračnega tlaka in dnevne temperature zraka. Vpliv Lune na dnevno število prometnih nesreč smo v diplomskem delu zavrgli.
Keywords:Prometne nesreče, poškodbe, vremenske razmere, Luna
Place of publishing:Nova Gorica
Year of publishing:2015
PID:20.500.12556/RUNG-2006 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:4050427 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:JMXYKD4D
Publication date in RUNG:06.10.2015
Views:8711
Downloads:357
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The Influence of Weather on the Frequency of Accidents and the Severity of the injuries
Abstract:Traffic accident is related to the interaction of several factors such as: psycho-physical condition of the driver, technical properties of the vehicle, quality of the road and weather. This thesis shows traffic accident trends in the areas of Ljubljana, Maribor and Nova Gorica, between the years 1995 and 2014. After the years of 2006/2007 decrease of accidents in all three areas has been noticed. Statistics show, that least accidents happen in July and August, while most happen in October. As for the week days, the most dangerous part of the week to be on the road is Friday, and the least dangerous is Sunday. The main purpose of this diploma was to analyse the relationship between the weather and the number of traffic accidents, as well as their consequences. Arithmetic mean, moving averages and Pearson's correlation coefficient have been used to describe the data and its connections. For determing annual, weekly and lunar cycle, we used periodogram method. Before identifying actual influence of the weather variability on traffic accidents, annual and weekly cycle has been removed from the traffic accidents data, and annual cycle from the meteorological variables.We found out that weather is not the main cause of risk for traffic accidents, as nearly 80% of all accidents happen in clear and cloudy weather. Of all the weather influences, precipitations have the largest impact. Longer sun exposure, wind speed, air pressure and daily air temperature have also been found as influential. The effect of the moon on a daily number of traffic accidents has been disproved.
Keywords:Traffic accident, injuries, weather condition, moon


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