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Title:Ex Vivo Molecular Rejuvenation Improves the Therapeutic Activity of Senescent Human Cardiac Stem Cells in a Mouse Model of Myocardial Infarction
Authors:ID Avolio, Elisa, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Gianfranceschi, Giuseppe, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Caragnano, Angela, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Athanasakis, Emmanouil, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Katare, Rajesh, Experimental Cardiovascular Medicine, Bristol Heart Institute, School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom (Author)
ID Cesselli, Daniela, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Meloni, Marco, Vascular Pathology and Regeneration, Bristol Heart Institute, School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom (Author)
ID Palma, Anita, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Barchiesi, Arianna, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Vascotto, Carlo, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Toffoletto, Barbara, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Mazzega, Elisa, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Finato, Nicoletta, Department of Experimental Medical and Clinical Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Aresu, Giuseppe, Department of Experimental Medical and Clinical Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Livi, Ugolino, Department of Experimental Medical and Clinical Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Emanueli, Costanza, Vascular Pathology and Regeneration, Bristol Heart Institute, School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom (Author)
ID Scoles, Giacinto, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Beltrami, Carlo Alberto, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
ID Madeddu, Paolo, Experimental Cardiovascular Medicine, Bristol Heart Institute, School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom (Author)
ID Beltrami, Antonio Paolo, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy (Author)
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Language:English
Work type:Not categorized
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:UNG - University of Nova Gorica
Abstract:Cardiac stem cells (CSC) from explanted decompensated hearts (E-CSC) are, with respect to those obtained from healthy donors (D-CSC), senescent and functionally impaired. We aimed to identify alterations in signaling pathways that are associated with CSC senescence. Additionally, we inves- tigated if pharmacological modulation of altered pathways can reduce CSC senescence in vitro and enhance their reparative ability in vivo. Measurement of secreted factors showed that E-CSC release larger amounts of proinflammatory cytokine IL1b compared with D-CSC. Using blocking antibodies, we verified that IL1b hampers the paracrine protective action of E-CSC on cardiomyo- cyte viability. IL1b acts intracranially inducing IKKb signaling, a mechanism that via nuclear factor-jB upregulates the expression of IL1b itself. Moreover, E-CSC show reduced levels of AMP protein kinase (AMPK) activating phosphorylation. This latter event, together with enhanced IKKb signaling, increases TORC1 activity, thereby impairing the autophagic flux and inhibiting the phos- phorylation of Akt and cAMP response element-binding protein. The combined use of rapamycin and resveratrol enhanced AMPK, thereby restoring downstream signaling and reducing IL1b secretion. These molecular corrections reduced E-CSC senescence, re-establishing their protective activity on cardiomyocytes. Moreover ex vivo treatment with rapamycin and resveratrol improved E-CSC capacity to induce cardiac repair upon injection in the mouse infarcted heart, leading to reduced cardiomyocyte senescence and apoptosis and increased abundance of endog- enous c-Kit1 CSC in the peri-infarct area. Molecular rejuvenation of patient-derived CSC by short pharmacologic conditioning boosts their in vivo reparative abilities. This approach might prove useful for refinement of CSC-based therapies.
Keywords:Stem cells, Myocardial infarction, Cellular senescence, Heart failure
Publication version:Version of Record
Year of publishing:2014
Number of pages:2373-2385
Numbering:May 6
PID:20.500.12556/RUNG-3027-6d34b194-7665-139d-e504-32f9e0a0386f New window
COBISS.SI-ID:4723963 New window
DOI:10.1002/stem.1728 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:M9OYDIIJ
Publication date in RUNG:21.03.2017
Views:4204
Downloads:0
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:STEM CELLSStem cells
Publisher:AlphaMed Press
Year of publishing:2014
ISSN:1066-50990250-6793

Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:20.03.2017

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