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Title:OBDELAVA ODPADNIH VODA NA ZAVAROVANIH OBMOČJIH NARAVE V SLOVENIJI: TRENUTNO STANJE IN MOŽNOSTI RAZVOJA
Authors:Gerbec, Petra (Author)
Oarga-Mulec, Andreea (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Zega, Mojca (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf Petra_Gerbec.pdf (1,79 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FZO - Faculty of Environmental Sciences
Abstract:Za obdelavo odpadnih voda so na voljo različni sistemi, različen pa je tudi njihov okoljski odtis. V nalogi smo se osredotočili na obdelavo odpadnih voda na varovanih območjih narave v slovenskem visokogorju in sredogorju z uporabo decentraliziranih sistemov. Z analizo življenjskega cikla produkta (LCA) smo ovrednotili okoljski vpliv treh decentraliziranih sistemov: sistem Sanbox z rastlinsko čistilno napravo (RČN), sekvenčni šaržni reaktor (SBR) in kompostno stranišče. Med seboj smo primerjali sistema Sanbox z RČN in SBR ter ugotovili, da ima sistem Sanbox z RČN pri vseh vplivnih kategorijah bistveno večji vpliv od sistema SBR. Kompostno stranišče v primerjavo ni bilo vključeno, ker pri njem odpadne vode ne nastajajo. Opravljena analiza LCA je razkrila, da je to področje slabo kontrolirano in potrebno izboljšav. V okviru naloge smo analizirali tudi okoljske obremenitve, ki jih predstavljajo planinske koče v slovenskem visokogorju in sredogorju. Na podlagi posredovanih podatkov o parametrih vode na iztoku iz čistilnih naprav planinskih koč ni bilo mogoče podati jasnih zaključkov zaradi precejšnjih nihanj vrednosti parametrov med posameznimi vzorčenji. Za namen pridobitve mnenja obiskovalcev planinskih koč smo sestavili tudi vprašalnik. Rezultati vprašalnika so pokazali, da bi bilo potrebno po mnenju uporabnikov sanitarne sisteme v planinskih kočah izboljšati.
Keywords:Odpadne vode, okoljski odtis, LCA, varovana območja narave, Sanbox, kompostno stranišče, rastlinska čistilna naprava
Year of publishing:2019
Source:Nova Gorica
COBISS_ID:5498875 Link is opened in a new window
URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:ZMRSFQ6X
Views:1729
Downloads:74
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Wastewater treatments in protected natural heritage areas in Slovenia: current status and perspectives
Abstract:Various systems are available for wastewater treatment and they also have different environmental footprints. This thesis was focused on the wastewater treatment in protected natural heritage areas in Slovenian Alpine region and highlands, using various decentralised systems. Three decentralised systems were evaluated using Life Cycle Assessment Analysis (LCA): the Sanbox system with the constructed wetlands (RČN), Sequential Batch Reactor (SBR) and composting toilet. We compared production and operation phase of Sanbox + RČN and SBR system and found out that the Sanbox + RČN has a significantly greater impact in all impact categories than the SBR system. The composting toilet was not included in the comparison because it does not produce wastewater. Nevertheless, the LCA analysis revealed that this issue is poorly controlled and requires more attention. As an example, we analysed the environmental impact of mountain huts located in Slovenian Alpine region and highlands. Based on the data on discharges from the wastewater treatment plants from mountain huts it was not possible to give solid conclusions about the most appropriate system to apply in such specific area due to high fluctuations of monitored parameters. We prepared a questionnaire to obtain the visitors’ opinion on sanitary facilities in mountain huts. The result pointed out that the sanitary systems in the mountain huts should be improved.
Keywords:Wastewater, environmental footprint, LCA, protected natural heritage areas, Sanbox, compost toilet, constructed wetland


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