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Title:Pollutant removal with organic macrocycle-based covalent organic polymers and frameworks
Authors:ID Škorjanc, Tina (Author)
ID Shetty, Dinesh (Author)
ID Trabolsi, Ali (Author)
Files:URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2451929421000292
 
Language:English
Work type:Unknown
Typology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:UNG - University of Nova Gorica
Abstract:Air, water, and soil pollution devastate countless ecosystems and deteriorate human health. Adsorption has commonly been used as a pollutant removal technique, but ongoing materials science research is still searching for more efficient, cheaper, and scalable sorbent materials. Herein, we discuss the synthesis and pollutant-capturing abilities of covalent polymeric structures, including covalent organic polymers and covalent organic frameworks that contain organic macrocycles in the backbone of their structures. These organic macrocycles (cyclodextrin, calixarene, cucurbituril, pillararene, and porphyrin) possess cavities and functional groups that can sequester pollutants by forming supramolecular interactions. The insolubility of these materials prominently aids in their regeneration and recyclability potentials. Following a discussion on the synthetic strategies used in the polymerization of each type of macrocycle, environmental applications of these materials are presented. Here, we focus on the removal of micropollutants, charged species, metal ions, oils and organic solvents, perfluorinated substances, iodine, and volatile organic compounds.
Keywords:supramolecular interactions, host-guest chemistry, organic macrocycles, covalent polymers, covalent organic frameworks, environmental remediation, adsorption
Year of publishing:2021
Number of pages:str. 882-918
Numbering:Vol. 7, no. 4
PID:20.500.12556/RUNG-6444 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:58887939 New window
UDC:54
ISSN on article:2451-9294
DOI:10.1016/j.chempr.2021.01.002 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:2SKSEQAO
Publication date in RUNG:09.04.2021
Views:2300
Downloads:65
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Chem
Publisher:Cell Press, Elsevier Inc.
ISSN:2451-9294
COBISS.SI-ID:526465049 New window

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