Repository of University of Nova Gorica

Show document
A+ | A- | Help | SLO | ENG

Title:Ad-hoc and scalar implicatures in children with autism spectrum disorder
Authors:ID Mazzaggio, Greta (Author)
ID Foppolo, Francesca (Author)
ID Job, Remo (Author)
ID Surian, Luca (Author)
Files:This document has no files that are freely available to the public. This document may have a physical copy in the library of the organization, check the status via COBISS. Link is opened in a new window
Work type:Unknown
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:UNG - University of Nova Gorica
Abstract:Previous studies found that people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) perform well on pragmatic inference tests that require the use of the linguistic scale <some, all>. The present study extends previous research by testing two types of implicature: scalar implicatures, based on lexical scales, and ad-hoc implicatures, based on contextual scales. We tested 26 children with ASD aged 4–10 years (mean age 7.1) and 26 typically developing (TD) children – matched on chronological age and with a similar performance in non- verbal IQ and vocabulary – by means of a picture selection task for scalar and ad-hoc implica- tures. We also investigated the effect of children’s scores in standardized tests measuring non- verbal intelligence, lexical, and morphosyntactic abilities and Theory-of-Mind skills on their performance in the implicature tasks. Although more than half of the children with ASD performed above chance on both kinds of implicatures, their performance as a group was significantly lower than the performance of their TD peers. General cognitive abilities were found to affect the performance of children with ASD on both kinds of implicatures, and Theory-of-Mind reasoning skills were found to be linked to their performance on scalar, but not ad-hoc implicatures. We show that children with ASD have difficulty with both kinds of implicatures. These findings may have implications for explanatory theories of pragmatics as well as for clinical work with children with ASD.
Keywords:experimental pragmatics, scalar implicatures, high-functioning autism, theory of mind, development
Year of publishing:2021
Number of pages:str. 1-18
Numbering:Vol. 90, 90
PID:20.500.12556/RUNG-6736 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:76756227 New window
ISSN on article:0021-9924
DOI:10.1016/j.jcomdis.2021.106089 New window
Publication date in RUNG:17.09.2021
Copy citation
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only for logged in users.
Share:Bookmark and Share

Hover the mouse pointer over a document title to show the abstract or click on the title to get all document metadata.

Record is a part of a journal

Title:Journal of communication disorders
Shortened title:J. commun. disord.
Publisher:American Elsevier, etc.
COBISS.SI-ID:25722624 New window