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Title:Thermal Lensing of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Solutions as Heat-Transfer Nanofluids
Authors:ID Swapna, Mohanachandran Nair Sindhu, UNIVERSITY OF KERALA (Author)
ID VIMAL, RAJ, UNIVERSITY OF KERALA (Author)
ID HUMBERTO, CABRERA, ICTP, ITALY (Author)
ID SANKARANARAYANA IYER, SANKARARAMAN, UNIVERSITY OF KERALA (Author)
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Language:English
Work type:Not categorized
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:UNG - University of Nova Gorica
Abstract:This paper unwraps nanofluids’ particle dynamics with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in base fluids such as acetone, water, and ethylene glycol. Having confirmed the morphology and structure of the MWCNTs by field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopic analyses, the nanofluids are prepared in three different concentrations. The nonzero absorbance at the laser wavelength, revealed through the UV−visible spectrum, makes the thermal diffusivity study of the sample by the sensitive nondestructive single beam thermal lens (TL) technique possible. The TL signal analysis by time series and fractal techniques divulges the complex particle dynamics, through phase portrait, sample entropy, fractal dimension, and Hurst exponent. The study unveils the effect of the amount of nanoparticles and the viscosity of the medium on thermal diffusivity and particle dynamics. The observed inverse relation between thermal diffusivity and viscosity is in good agreement with the Sankar−Swapna model. The complexity of particle dynamics in MWCNT nanofluids reflected through sample entropy, and fractal dimension shows an inverse relation to the base fluid’s viscosity. This paper investigates the role of viscosity of the base fluid on particle dynamics and thermal diffusivity of the nanofluid to explore its applicability in various thermal systems, thereby suggesting a method to tune the sample entropy through proper selection of base fluid.
Keywords:MWCNT, thermal lens, fractals, nonlinear time series, phase portrait, sample entropy
Publication version:Version of Record
Year of publishing:2021
Number of pages:3416-3425
Numbering:4, 4
PID:20.500.12556/RUNG-7393 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:112981763 New window
DOI:10.1021/acsanm.0c03219 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:GFHYUVYE
Publication date in RUNG:28.06.2022
Views:1716
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:ACS Applied Nanomaterials
Publisher:ACS
Year of publishing:2021
ISSN:2574-0970

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