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Title:Mass composition from 3 EeV to 100 EeV using the depth of the maximum of air-shower profiles estimated with deep learning using surface detector data of the Pierre Auger Observatory
Authors:ID Glombitza, Jonas (Author)
ID Filipčič, Andrej (Author)
ID Lundquist, Jon Paul (Author)
ID Shivashankara, Shima Ujjani (Author)
ID Stanič, Samo (Author)
ID Vorobiov, Serguei (Author)
ID Zavrtanik, Danilo (Author)
ID Zavrtanik, Marko (Author), et al.
Files:.pdf ICRC2023_278.pdf (992,98 KB)
MD5: 465CBFD78D5123C0F928759CC4A684FD
 
URL https://pos.sissa.it/444/
 
URL https://pos.sissa.it/444/278/pdf
 
Language:English
Work type:Unknown
Typology:1.08 - Published Scientific Conference Contribution
Organization:UNG - University of Nova Gorica
Abstract:We present a new analysis for estimating the depth of the maximum of air-shower profiles, �max, to investigate the evolution of the ultra-high-energy cosmic ray mass composition from 3 to 100 EeV. We use a recently developed deep-learning-based technique for the reconstruction of �max from the data of the surface detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory. To avoid systematic uncertainties arising from hadronic interaction models in the simulation of surface detector data, we calibrate the new reconstruction technique with observations of the fluorescence detector. Using the novel analysis, we have a 10-fold increase of statistics at � > 5 EeV with respect to fluorescence detector data. We are able, for the first time, to study the evolution of the mean and standard deviation of the �max distributions up to 100 EeV. We find an excellent agreement with fluorescence observations and confirm the increase of the mean logarithmic mass ⟨ln(�)⟩ and a decrease of the �max fluctuations with energy. The �max measurement at the highest — so far inaccessible — energies is consistent with a pure mass composition and a mean logarithmic mass of around ∼ 3 (estimated using the Sibyll 2.3d and the EPOS-LHC hadronic interaction models). Furthermore, with the increase in statistics, we find indications for a structure beyond a constant elongation rate in the evolution of �max.
Keywords:ultra-high energy cosmic rays, Pierre Auger Observatory, surface detector, flourescence detector
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Publication date:01.01.2023
Year of publishing:2023
Number of pages:str. 1-13
PID:20.500.12556/RUNG-8786 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:182031363 New window
UDC:52
ISSN on article:1824-8039
DOI:10.22323/1.444.0278 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:XEKS9YVV
Publication date in RUNG:22.01.2024
Views:720
Downloads:6
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Record is a part of a proceedings

Title:38th International Cosmic Ray Conference [also] ICRC2023
COBISS.SI-ID:162195971 New window

Record is a part of a journal

Title:Proceedings of science
Shortened title:Pos proc. sci.
Publisher:Sissa
ISSN:1824-8039
COBISS.SI-ID:20239655 New window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P1-0031
Name:Večglasniška astrofizika

Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.

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