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Title:Depth of maximum of air-shower profiles above ▫$10^{17.8}$▫ eV measured with the fluorescence detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory and mass-composition implications
Authors:ID Fitoussi, Thomas (Author)
ID Filipčič, Andrej (Author)
ID Lundquist, Jon Paul (Author)
ID Shivashankara, Shima Ujjani (Author)
ID Stanič, Samo (Author)
ID Vorobiov, Serguei (Author)
ID Zavrtanik, Danilo (Author)
ID Zavrtanik, Marko (Author), et al.
.pdf ICRC2023_319.pdf (1,16 MB)
MD5: 75ED3FC2EF96CD0A342F7E54B03AA521
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Work type:Unknown
Typology:1.08 - Published Scientific Conference Contribution
Organization:UNG - University of Nova Gorica
Abstract:After seventeen years of operation, the first phase of measurements at the PierreAuger Observatory finished and the process of upgrading it began. In this work, we present distributions of the depth of air-shower maximum, �max, using profiles measured with the fluorescence detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory. The analysis is based on the Phase I data collected from 01 December 2004 to 31 December 2021. The �max measurements take advantage of an improved evaluation of the vertical aerosol optical depth and reconstruction of the shower profiles. We present the energy dependence of the mean and standard deviation of the �max distributions above 10^(17.8) eV. Both �max moments are corrected for detector effects and interpreted in terms of the mean logarithmic mass and variance of the masses by comparing them to the predictions of post-LHC hadronic interaction models. We corroborate our earlier findings regarding the change of the elongation rate of the mean �max at 10^(18.3) eV with higher significance. We also confirm, with four more years of data compared to the last results presented in 2019, that around the ankle in the cosmic rays spectrum, the proton component gradually disappears and that intermediate mass nuclei dominate the composition at ultra-high energies.
Keywords:ultra-high energy cosmic rays, Pierre Auger Observatory, protons, surface detector
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Publication date:01.01.2023
Year of publishing:2023
Number of pages:str. 1-13
PID:20.500.12556/RUNG-8792-aff4d424-3f7e-61b8-509c-8270db926318 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:182074883 New window
ISSN on article:1824-8039
DOI:10.22323/1.444.0319 New window
Publication date in RUNG:23.01.2024
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Record is a part of a proceedings

Title:38th International Cosmic Ray Conference [also] ICRC2023
COBISS.SI-ID:162195971 New window

Record is a part of a journal

Title:Proceedings of science
Shortened title:Pos proc. sci.
COBISS.SI-ID:20239655 New window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P1-0031
Name:Večglasniška astrofizika


License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.