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Title:Sentence comprehension test for Russian : a tool to assess syntactic competence
Authors:ID Chernova, Daria (Author)
ID Novozhilov, Artem (Author)
ID Slioussar, Natalia (Author)
Files:URL https://www.frontiersin.org/journals/psychology/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1035961/full
 
.pdf fpsyg-14-1035961.pdf (1,03 MB)
MD5: EBF5D052E138FB5F0CEFE69F18DE4E47
 
URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1035961/full
 
Language:English
Work type:Unknown
Typology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:UNG - University of Nova Gorica
Abstract:Although all healthy adults have advanced syntactic processing abilities in their native language, psycholinguistic studies report extensive variation among them. However, very few tests were developed to assess this variation, presumably, because when adult native speakers focus on syntactic processing, not being distracted by other tasks, they usually reach ceiling performance. We developed a Sentence Comprehension Test for the Russian language aimed to fill this gap. The test captures variation among participants and does not show ceiling effects. The Sentence Comprehension Test includes 60 unambiguous grammatically complex sentences and 40 control sentences that are of the same length, but are syntactically simpler. Every sentence is accompanied by a comprehension question targeting potential syntactic processing problems and interpretation errors associated with them. Grammatically complex sentences were selected on the basis of the previous literature and then tested in a pilot study. As a result, six constructions that trigger the largest number of errors were identified. For these constructions, we also analyzed which ones are associated with the longest word-by-word reading times, question answering times and the highest error rates. These differences point to different sources of syntactic processing difficulties and can be relied upon in subsequent studies. We conducted two experiments to validate the final version of the test. Getting similar results in two independent experiments, as well as in two presentation modes (reading and listening modes are compared in Experiment 2) confirms its reliability. In Experiment 1, we also showed that the results of the test correlate with the scores in the verbal working memory span test.
Keywords:syntax, comprehension, Russian language, psycholinguistics
Publication date:01.02.2023
Year of publishing:2023
Number of pages:str. 1-16
Numbering:Vol. 14, [article no.] ǂ1035961
PID:20.500.12556/RUNG-8971 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:191586819 New window
UDC:81
ISSN on article:1664-1078
DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1035961 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UNG:REP:LSWQC3WF
Publication date in RUNG:05.04.2024
Views:442
Downloads:3
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Frontiers in psychology
Shortened title:Front. psychol.
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1664-1078
COBISS.SI-ID:519967513 New window

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License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.

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