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Title:"I've always spoke like this, you see" : preterite-to-participle leveling in American and British Englishes
Authors:ID Chatten, Alicia (Author)
ID Baxter, Kimberley (Author)
ID Mas, Erwanne (Author)
ID Peña, Jailyn (Author)
ID Tabachnick, Guy (Author)
ID Duncan, Daniel (Author)
ID MacKenzie, Laurel (Author)
Work type:Unknown
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:UNG - University of Nova Gorica
Abstract:Some English verbs use distinct forms for the preterite (i.e., simple past; e.g., I broke the door) and the past participle (e.g., I’ve broken the door). These verbs may variably show use of the preterite form in place of the participle (e.g., I’ve broke the door), which the authors call participle leveling. This article contributes the first detailed variationist study of participle leveling by investigating the phenomenon in perfect constructions using data collected from three corpora of conversational speech: two of American English and one of British English. A striking degree of similarity is found between the three corpora in both the linguistic and the extralinguistic constraints on variation. Constraints on participle leveling include tense of the perfect construction, verb frequency, and phonological similarity between preterite and participle forms. The variable is stable in real time and socially stratified. The article relates the findings to theoretical linguistic treatments of the variation and to questions of its origin and spread in Englishes transatlantically.
Keywords:morphological variation, analogical leveling, American English, British English
Publication date:01.02.2024
Year of publishing:2024
Number of pages:str. 3-46
Numbering:Vol. 99, issue 1
PID:20.500.12556/RUNG-8976 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:191664899 New window
ISSN on article:1527-2133
DOI:10.1215/00031283-9940654 New window
Publication date in RUNG:08.04.2024
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:American speech
Shortened title:Am. speech
Publisher:Duke University Press
COBISS.SI-ID:13126408 New window