Repozitorij Univerze v Novi Gorici

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Največkrat ogledana gradiva tedna (zadnjih 7 dni).

Nanobody technology: principles & applications
Ario De Marco, 0

Opis: Antibodies possess unattainable capacity to bind selectively and at high affinity their cognates. For this reason they have been largely used in applications which rely on specific molecular recognition. Biosensors, nanoparticles, and even cells can be functionalized with antibodies for improving sensitivity and target specificity. However, conventional antibodies (IgGs) are large molecules (150 kDa) that are difficult to engineer. In the last years, antibody fragments have become more and more popular as an effective alternative and specifically nanobodies raised enthusiasm because of their minimal mass (14 kDa), high stability, relative similarity to human sequences, and simplified mutagenesis. Pre-immune nanobody libraries have the further advantage of enabling blind selection for antigens that can be used to discriminate between subpopulations of cells and vesicles. The panning can be performed directly on intact cells and the resulting binders are specific for the native antigen conformation
Ključne besede: Nanobodies, in vitro panning, cancer biomarkers, recombinant antibody engineering
Objavljeno: 03.05.2017; Ogledov: 1154; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo
Ogledov v tednu: 321

Nadiia Pastukhova, 2018

Opis: In this work, we experimentally studied the influence of photoexcitation energy influence on the charge transport in organic semiconductors. Organic semiconductors were small molecules like corannulene, perylene and pentacene derivatives, polymers such as polythiophene and benzothiophene derivatives, and graphene, along with combinations of these materials in heterojunctions or composites. The first part of this study is focused on the photoexcitation energy influence on the transient photoconductivity of non-crystalline curved π-conjugated corannulene layers. The enhanced photoconductivity, in the energy range where optical absorption is absent, is deduced from theoretical predictions of corannulene gas-phase excited state spectra. Theoretical analysis reveals a consistent contribution involving transitions to Super Atomic Molecular Orbitals (SAMOs), a unique set of diffuse orbitals typical of curved π-conjugated molecules. More, the photoconductivity of the curved corannulene was compared to the π-conjugated planar N,N′-1H,1H- perfluorobutyldicyanoperylene-carboxydi-imide (PDIF-CN2), where the photoexcitation energy dependence of photocurrent closely follows the optical absorption spectrum. We next characterized charge transport in poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) layers deposited from solution. Our results indicate that time-of-flight (TOF) mobility depends on the photoexcitation energy. It is 0.4× 10 −3 cm 2 /Vs at 2.3 eV (530 nm) and doubles at 4.8 eV (260 nm). TOF mobility was compared to field-effect (FET) mobility of P3HT field-effect transistors (OFETs). The FET mobility was similar to the 2.3 eV excitation TOF mobility. In order to improve charge mobility, graphene nanoparticles were blended within a P3HT solution before the deposition. We found that the mobility significantly improves upon the addition of graphene nanoparticles of a weight ratio as low as 0.2 %. FET mobility increases with graphene concentration up to a value of 2.3× 10 −2 cm 2 /Vs at 3.2 %. The results demonstrate that phase segregation starts to influence charge transport at graphene concentration of 0.8 % and above. Hence, the graphene cannot form a bridged conduction channel between electrodes, which would cancel the semiconducting effect of the polymer composite. An alternative approach to enhance mobility is to optimize the molecular ordering of organic semiconductors. For that purpose, we studied an innovative nanomesh device. Free-standing nanomesh devices were used to form nanojunctions of N,N′- iiDioctyl-3,4,9,10-perylenedicarboximide (PTCDI-C8) nanowires and crystalline bis(triisopropylsilylethinyl)pentacene (TIPS-PEN). We characterized the photocurrent response time of this novel nanomesh scaffold device. The photoresponse time depends on the photon energy. It is between 4.5 − 5.6 ns at 500 nm excitation wavelength and between 6.7 − 7.7 ns at 700 nm excitation wavelength. In addition, we found that thermal annealing reduces charge carrier trapping in crystalline nanowires. This confirms that the structural defects are crucial to obtaining high photon-to-charge conversion efficiency and subsequent transport from pn junction in heterostructured materials. Structural defects also influence the power conversion efficiency of organic heterostructured photovoltaics (OPVs). Anticipating that polymers with different backbone lengths produce different level of structural defects, we examined charge transport dependence on the molecular weight of poly[4,8-bis(5-(2- ethylhexyl)thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b;4,5-b']dithiophene-2,6-diyl-alt-(4-(2- ethylhexyl)-3-fluorothieno[3,4-b]thiophene-)-2-carboxylate-2-6-diyl] (PTB7-Th) from 50 kDa to 300 kDa. We found p-type hopping transport in PTB7-Th, characterized by 0.1 – 3× 10 −2 cm 2 /Vs mobility, which increases with temperature and electric field. The polymer molecular weight exhibits a non-trivial influence on charge transport. FET mobility in the saturation regime increases with molecular weight. A similar trend is observed in TOF mobility and FET mobility in the linear regime, except for the 100kDa polymer, which manifests in the highest mobility due to reduced charge trapping. The lowest trapping at the dielectric interface of OFET is observed at 200 kDa. In addition, the 200 kDa polymer exhibits the lowest activation energy of the charge transport. Although the 100 kDa polymer indicates the highest mobility, OPVs using the 200 kDa polymer exhibit the best performance in terms of power conversion efficiency.
Ključne besede: organic semiconductors, optical absorption spectroscopy, time-of-flight photoconductivity, transient photocurrent spectroscopy, organic thin film transistors, atomic force microscopy, superatomic molecular orbitals, pn heterojunction, organic nanowires, graphene, composites, charge mobility, charge trapping, temperature dependence, photodetector, photovoltaic, solar cell, organic electronics
Objavljeno: 08.10.2018; Ogledov: 87; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Polno besedilo
Ogledov v tednu: 45

Nebesa pod Triglavom - samo z današnjimi Gabrščki, Bevki in Poberaji
Zoran Božič, 2018

Opis: Govor ob državnem prazniku v Krajevni skupnost Solkan. S poudarkom na domoljubni prozi Ivana Cankarja (Kurent) in treh domoljubih v treh obdobjih slovenske zgodovine: Andreju Gabrščku, Francetu Bevku in Vladimirju Poberaju.
Ključne besede: domoljubje, državnost, slovenstvo, Avstro-Ogrska, Bohinjska železnica, Umirajoči bog Triglav, druga svetovna vojna
Objavljeno: 08.10.2018; Ogledov: 61; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Polno besedilo
Ogledov v tednu: 37

Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution with tungsten-based materials
Matjaž Valant, Saim Emin, 0

Ključne besede: materials, nanomaterials, technology
Objavljeno: 15.10.2018; Ogledov: 30; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo
Ogledov v tednu: 30

Heart rate variability and nonlinear dynamic analysis in patients with stress-induced cardiomyopathy
Antonija Krstačić, Paolo Castiglioni, Dragan Gamberger, Gianfranco Parati, Goran Krstačić, Robert Steiner, 2012

Opis: Complexity-based analyses may quantify abnormalities in heart rate variability (HRV). The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and prognostic significances of dynamic HRV changes in patients with stress-induced cardiomyopathy Takotsubo syndrome (TS) by means of linear and nonlinear analysis. Patients with TS were included in study after complete noninvasive and invasive cardiovascular diagnostic evaluation and compared to an age and gender matched control group of healthy subjects. Series of R–R interval and of ST–T interval values were obtained from 24-h ECG recordings after digital sampling. HRV analysis was performed by ‘range rescaled analysis’ to determine the Hurst exponent, by detrended fluctuation analysis to quantify fractal longrange correlation properties, and by approximate entropy to assess time-series predictability. Short- and long-term fractal-scaling exponents were significantly higher in patients with TS in acute phases, opposite to lower approximate entropy and Hurst exponent, but all variables normalized in a few weeks. Dynamic HRV analysis allows assessing changes in complexity features of HRV in TS patients during the acute stage, and to monitor recovery after treatment, thus complementing traditional ECG and clinically analysis.
Ključne besede: Heart rate variability, Nonlinear dynamics, Chaos theory, Stress-induced cardiomyopathy, Takotsubo syndrome
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 798; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo
Ogledov v tednu: 30